How to format your references using the Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.J. Falke, Enzymology. A moving story, Science. 295 (2002) 1480–1481.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Yurtsever, A.H. Zewail, 4D nanoscale diffraction observed by convergent-beam ultrafast electron microscopy, Science. 326 (2009) 708–712.
A journal article with 3 authors
S.J. Culler, K.G. Hoff, C.D. Smolke, Reprogramming cellular behavior with RNA controllers responsive to endogenous proteins, Science. 330 (2010) 1251–1255.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.A. Grigera, R.S. Perry, A.J. Schofield, M. Chiao, S.R. Julian, G.G. Lonzarich, S.I. Ikeda, Y. Maeno, A.J. Millis, A.P. Mackenzie, Magnetic field-tuned quantum criticality in the metallic ruthenate Sr3Ru2O7, Science. 294 (2001) 329–332.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Henderson, J. Dorsey, Medical Terminology for Dummies®, Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2008.
An edited book
R. Moot, The Logic of Categorial Grammars: A Deductive Account of Natural Language Syntax and Semantics, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Green, Being Muslim in the Neoliberal West: Reflections on an Ethnographic Study of Muslim Women in Australia, in: T. Lovat (Ed.), Women in Islam: Reflections on Historical and Contemporary Research, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2012: pp. 61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance.

Blog post
E. Andrew, If Everyone Lived in An ‘Ecovillage’, the Earth Would Still be in Trouble, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Cost Factors in CARE Act Formulas, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Garyan, Converging origins: Never forget what happened in the future, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Shpigel, This Jet Still Answers to ‘Coach,’ New York Times. (2017) D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleSolid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
AbbreviationSolid State Nucl. Magn. Reson.
ISSN (print)0926-2040
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles