How to format your references using the Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.A. Evans, Computer science. Future science, Science. 342 (2013) 44–45.
A journal article with 2 authors
V.K. Dioumaev, R.M. Bullock, A recyclable catalyst that precipitates at the end of the reaction, Nature. 424 (2003) 530–532.
A journal article with 3 authors
S.C. Sherwood, J.R. Lanzante, C.L. Meyer, Radiosonde daytime biases and late-20th century warming, Science. 309 (2005) 1556–1559.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A.E. Kiernan, A.L. Pelling, K.K.H. Leung, A.S.P. Tang, D.M. Bell, C. Tease, R. Lovell-Badge, K.P. Steel, K.S.E. Cheah, Sox2 is required for sensory organ development in the mammalian inner ear, Nature. 434 (2005) 1031–1035.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M.V. Brook, Ultrasonic Inspection Technology Development and Search Unit Design, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
J.E. Adams, ed., PIP Joint Fracture Dislocations: A Clinical Casebook, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Chaki, R. Parekh, S. Bhattacharya, Plant Leaf Recognition Using Ridge Filter and Curvelet Transform with Neuro-Fuzzy Classifier, in: A. Nagar, D.P. Mohapatra, N. Chaki (Eds.), Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Advanced Computing, Networking and Informatics: ICACNI 2015, Volume 1, Springer India, New Delhi, 2016: pp. 37–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance.

Blog post
T. Hale, Cosmic Rays Increased Chances Of Apollo Astronauts Having Heart Problems, Study Says, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Air Traffic Control: Complete and Enforced Architecture Needed for FAA Systems Modernization, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Chan, Planned experiences compared to performance standards for entry-level dietetic interns, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
N.R. Kleinfield, Broken Boys, Thieves, Killers, and Now Escapees, New York Times. (2015) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSolid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
AbbreviationSolid State Nucl. Magn. Reson.
ISSN (print)0926-2040
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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