How to format your references using the Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C.C. Lundstrom, Rapid diffusive infiltration of sodium into partially molten peridotite, Nature. 403 (2000) 527–530.
A journal article with 2 authors
H.-S. Cho, D.J. Leahy, Structure of the extracellular region of HER3 reveals an interdomain tether, Science. 297 (2002) 1330–1333.
A journal article with 3 authors
R.J. Thompson, N. Zhou, B.A. MacVicar, Ischemia opens neuronal gap junction hemichannels, Science. 312 (2006) 924–927.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.T. Hill, H.J.S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X.J.M. Leijtens, J.H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y.-S. Oei, H. Binsma, G.-D. Khoe, M.K. Smit, A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers, Nature. 432 (2004) 206–209.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Gianni, Responsibility and Freedom, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
Y. Ralchenko, ed., Modern Methods in Collisional-Radiative Modeling of Plasmas, 1st ed. 2016, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Harel, Y. Feldman, Metodi algoritmici, in: Y. Feldman (Ed.), Algoritmi: Lo Spirito Dell’informatica, Springer, Milano, 2008: pp. 99–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance.

Blog post
T. Hale, Three Dogs Had A Nasty Run-In With A Porcupine, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Temporary Emergency Impact Aid Provided Education Support for Displaced Students, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.A. Greenhall, Elucidating mechanisms of accelerated neurological aging, Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Shpigel, Fourth Passer? Jets May Go Deep, New York Times. (2016) B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSolid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
AbbreviationSolid State Nucl. Magn. Reson.
ISSN (print)0926-2040
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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