How to format your references using the Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B.P. Trivedi, Neuroscience: hardwired for taste, Nature. 486 (2012) S7-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Kurita, H. Tanaka, Critical-like phenomena associated with liquid-liquid transition in a molecular liquid, Science. 306 (2004) 845–848.
A journal article with 3 authors
S.B. Hansen, X. Tao, R. MacKinnon, Structural basis of PIP2 activation of the classical inward rectifier K+ channel Kir2.2, Nature. 477 (2011) 495–498.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D.R. Toomey, D. Jousselin, R.A. Dunn, W.S.D. Wilcock, R.S. Detrick, Skew of mantle upwelling beneath the East Pacific Rise governs segmentation, Nature. 446 (2007) 409–414.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. Dowd, Measuring Market Risk, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2005.
An edited book
F. Benhamou, ed., Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming - CP 2006: 12th International Conference, CP 2006, Nantes, France, September 25-29, 2006. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Rathbone, B. Rathbone, Helicobacter pylori and Gastric Cancer, in: J.A.Z. Jankowski (Ed.), Inflammation and Gastrointestinal Cancers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 83–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Hubble’s Deep Field Images Of The Early Universe Are Postcards From Billions Of Years Ago, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, School Meal Programs: Competitive Foods Are Available in Many Schools; Actions Taken to Restrict Them Differ by State and Locality, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.A. Stewart, Principals’ post-observation feedback and its influence on teacher professional growth at two Southern California Catholic high schools, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kishkovsky, A Government Train To Tolstoy’s Birthplace, New York Times. (2002) 53.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSolid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
AbbreviationSolid State Nucl. Magn. Reson.
ISSN (print)0926-2040
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles