How to format your references using the Soins Cadres citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soins Cadres. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rowan-Robinson M. Astronomy. Probing the cold universe. Science 2009;325:546–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bada JL, Lazcano A. Origin of life. Some like it hot, but not the first biomolecules. Science 2002;296:1982–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Head IM, Jones DM, Larter SR. Biological activity in the deep subsurface and the origin of heavy oil. Nature 2003;426:344–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chiorescu I, Bertet P, Semba K, Nakamura Y, Harmans CJPM, Mooij JE. Coherent dynamics of a flux qubit coupled to a harmonic oscillator. Nature 2004;431:159–62.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hartmann AK, Weigt M. Phase Transitions in Combinatorial Optimization Problems. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
Corchado E, Novais P, Analide C, Sedano J, editors. Soft Computing Models in Industrial and Environmental Applications, 5th International Workshop (SOCO 2010). vol. 73. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Bogdanov D, Talviste R, Willemson J. Deploying Secure Multi-Party Computation for Financial Data Analysis. In: Keromytis AD, editor. Financial Cryptography and Data Security: 16th International Conference, FC 2012, Kralendijk, Bonaire, Februray 27-March 2, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 57–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soins Cadres.

Blog post
Davis J. Jaguars May Have Evolved To Hunt Particularly Dangerous Prey. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Schools Closed Since l969 as a Result of Actions To Promote Racial Balance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caverly RS. Marketing masculinity: Male identity, boy culture, and the Boy Scouts of America 1900–1940. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. DeGrom Displays His Old Form, but the Mets’ Offense Sputters. New York Times 2017:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSoins Cadres
ISSN (print)0183-2980
ScopeHealth Policy
General Nursing

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