How to format your references using the International Journal of Clinical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Clinical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Raffaelli D (2002) Ecology. From Elton to mathematics and back again. Science 296:1035–1037
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Field CB, Barros VR (2015) CLIMATE CHANGE. Added value from IPCC approval sessions. Science 350:36
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pollack SE, Dries D, Hulet RG (2009) Universality in three- and four-body bound states of ultracold atoms. Science 326:1683–1685
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Parhira S, Zhu G-Y, Jiang R-W, et al (2014) 2’-Epi-uscharin from the latex of Calotropis gigantea with HIF-1 inhibitory activity. Sci Rep 4:4748

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Stocker AA (2006) Analog VLSI Circuits for the Perception of Visual Motion. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Rocha MP, Riverola FF, Shatkay H, Corchado JM (2010) Advances in Bioinformatics: 4th International Workshop on Practical Applications of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics 2010 (IWPACBB 2010). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Aldhalaan A, Menascé DA (2013) Analytic Performance Modeling and Optimization of Live VM Migration. In: Balsamo MS, Knottenbelt WJ, Marin A (eds) Computer Performance Engineering: 10th European Workshop, EPEW 2013, Venice, Italy, September 16-17, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 28–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Move Over Milky Way, Elliptical Galaxies Are The Most Habitable In The Cosmos. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/move-over-milky-way-elliptical-galaxies-are-most-habitable-cosmos/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2007) Business Systems Modernization: Strategy for Evolving DOD’s Business Enterprise Architecture Offers a Conceptual Approach, but Execution Details Are Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Burchman EK (2014) A dialogue on improvisation, space and melody: Larry Koonse’s approach to improvisation. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G (2010) Stars as Teammates: Not a New Concept. New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Clinical Oncology
AbbreviationInt. J. Clin. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1341-9625
ISSN (online)1437-7772
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Hematology
Oncology
Surgery

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