How to format your references using the International Journal of Clinical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Clinical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Phillips D (2002) Obituary: George Porter (1920-2002). Nature 419:578
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Grzybowski BA, Whitesides GM (2002) Dynamic aggregation of chiral spinners. Science 296:718–721
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Morris RJ, Lewis OT, Godfray HCJ (2004) Experimental evidence for apparent competition in a tropical forest food web. Nature 428:310–313
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Velcich A, Yang W, Heyer J, et al (2002) Colorectal cancer in mice genetically deficient in the mucin Muc2. Science 295:1726–1729

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Snopek L (2012) The Complete Guide to Portfolio Construction and Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK
An edited book
1.
Tan K-Y (2015) Transdisciplinary Perioperative Care in Colorectal Surgery: An Integrative Approach. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Andersen JV, Nowak A (2013) Catching Animal Spirits: Using Complexity Theory to Detect Speculative Moments of the Markets. In: Nowak A (ed) An Introduction to Socio-Finance. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 93–120

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Timelapse Of Tarantula Molting Looks Like Alien Birth. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/tarantula-molting-looks-alien-birth/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1998) Airfield Pavement: Keeping Nation’s Runways in Good Condition Could Require Substantially Higher Spending. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Pelayo AY (2017) A program to increase health literacy for older Latino adults residing in La Habra, California: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G (2011) Remembering Sócrates, Who Made the Game Beautiful. New York Times B14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Clinical Oncology
AbbreviationInt. J. Clin. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1341-9625
ISSN (online)1437-7772
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Hematology
Oncology
Surgery

Other styles