How to format your references using the Fungal Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fungal Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hyman, S.E., 2011. Genome-sequencing anniversary. The meaning of the Human Genome Project for neuropsychiatric disorders. Science 331, 1026.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kirchmaier, A.L., Rine, J., 2001. DNA replication-independent silencing in S. cerevisiae. Science 291, 646–650.
A journal article with 3 authors
Canfield, D.E., Glazer, A.N., Falkowski, P.G., 2010. The evolution and future of Earth’s nitrogen cycle. Science 330, 192–196.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Canestrelli, D., Bisconti, R., Sacco, F., Nascetti, G., 2014. What triggers the rising of an intraspecific biodiversity hotspot? Hints from the agile frog. Sci. Rep. 4, 5042.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
English, J.F., 2012. The Global Future of English Studies. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Pereira, L.C., Haeusler, E.H., de Paiva, V. (Eds.), 2014. Advances in Natural Deduction: A Celebration of Dag Prawitz’s Work, Trends in Logic, Studia Logica Library. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Collins, M.L., Murphy, M.P., 2016. Activation: Solving Unemployment or Supporting a Low-Pay Economy?, in: Murphy, M.P., Dukelow, F. (Eds.), The Irish Welfare State in the Twenty-First Century: Challenges and Change. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 67–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fungal Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Chile’s Calbuco Volcano Erupts Without Warning. What Can We Expect Next? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. Results of EDP Auditor Reader Survey on Microcomputers (No. 130372). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Solano Cahuana, I.L., 2015. The Production of Apologies by Colombian Learners of English A Study of Pragmatic Acquisition in an EFL Context (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2012. Dallas Has Its Own Indie Film Scene, and a Festival. New York Times A25B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hyman, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Hyman, 2011; Kirchmaier and Rine, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kirchmaier and Rine, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Canestrelli et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFungal Biology
AbbreviationFungal Biol.
ISSN (print)1878-6146
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science
Infectious Diseases

Other styles