How to format your references using the Fungal Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fungal Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bennett, C.L., 2009. Astronomy. Cosmology at a crossroads. Science 325, 1347–1348.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berry, A., Browne, J., 2008. The other beetle-hunter. Nature 453, 1188–1190.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang, K., Li, Q., Fan, S., 2002. Nanotechnology: spinning continuous carbon nanotube yarns. Nature 419, 801.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Balaban, N.Q., Merrin, J., Chait, R., Kowalik, L., Leibler, S., 2004. Bacterial persistence as a phenotypic switch. Science 305, 1622–1625.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Durenard, E.A., 2013. Professional Automated Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Martinez-Guerra, R., 2014. Fault Detection and Diagnosis in Nonlinear Systems: A Differential and Algebraic Viewpoint, Understanding Complex Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Andresen, M., Bodine, G., Concannon, C., Korhammer, R., LaBranche, M., Redfearn, B., 2006. Electronic Trading, in: Schwartz, R.A., Byrne, J.A., Colaninno, A. (Eds.), Electronic vs. Floor Based Trading, Zicklin School of Business Financial Markets Conference Series Baruch College. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 67–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fungal Biology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Increase In Gun Deaths Linked To “Stand Your Ground” Law In Florida [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Evaluation of NASA Comments on Consolidated Space Operations Center (No. MASAD-82-43). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shimazoe, J., 2012. The power of forgotten opinions: Why an organization chooses inaction over the public’s safety (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wihbey, J., Beaudet, M., 2016. Financial Disclosure, Wrapped in Secrecy. New York Times A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bennett, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Bennett, 2009; Berry and Browne, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Berry and Browne, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Balaban et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFungal Biology
AbbreviationFungal Biol.
ISSN (print)1878-6146
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science
Infectious Diseases

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