How to format your references using the Fungal Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fungal Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buriak, J.M., 2004. Chemistry. Chemistry with nanoscale perfection. Science 304, 692–693.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frank, S.A., Nowak, M.A., 2003. Cell biology: Developmental predisposition to cancer. Nature 422, 494.
A journal article with 3 authors
Finkel, T., Serrano, M., Blasco, M.A., 2007. The common biology of cancer and ageing. Nature 448, 767–774.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Martinez, E., Antoine, D., D’Ortenzio, F., Gentili, B., 2009. Climate-driven basin-scale decadal oscillations of oceanic phytoplankton. Science 326, 1253–1256.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dudbridge, M., 2016. Handbook of Seal Integrity in the Food Industry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Steck, A., 2016. Brain and Mind: Subjective Experience and Scientific Objectivity, 1st ed. 2016. ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, X., Reeves, D., 2015. Active Timing Based Traceback, in: Reeves, D. (Ed.), Traceback and Anonymity, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 23–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fungal Biology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Microbes Caused The Extinction Of 90% Of Species 250 Million Years Ago [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1984. National Public Radio (No. 123385). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pratt, J.E., 2014. Investigating educational systems, leadership, and school culture: A holistic approach (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2017. The Jazz Age Relived. New York Times F8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buriak, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Buriak, 2004; Frank and Nowak, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frank and Nowak, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Martinez et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFungal Biology
AbbreviationFungal Biol.
ISSN (print)1878-6146
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science
Infectious Diseases

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