How to format your references using the Fungal Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fungal Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Youle, R.J., 2007. Cell biology. Cellular demolition and the rules of engagement. Science 315, 776–777.
A journal article with 2 authors
Litchinitser, N.M., Sun, J., 2015. APPLIED OPTICS. Optical meta-atoms: Going nonlinear. Science 350, 1033–1034.
A journal article with 3 authors
Markos, C., Kubat, I., Bang, O., 2014. Hybrid polymer photonic crystal fiber with integrated chalcogenide glass nanofilms. Sci. Rep. 4, 6057.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hasegawa, K., Martin, F., Huang, G., Tumas, D., Diehl, L., Chan, A.C., 2004. PEST domain-enriched tyrosine phosphatase (PEP) regulation of effector/memory T cells. Science 303, 685–689.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kesidis, G., 2007. An Introduction to Communication Network Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Xu, J., 2014. Innovative Approaches Towards Low Carbon Economics: Regional Development Cybernetics, Climate Change Management. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Christinal, H.A., Berciano, A., Díaz-Pernil, D., Gutiérrez-Naranjo, M.A., 2014. Searching Partially Bounded Regions with P Systems, in: Pant, M., Deep, K., Nagar, A., Bansal, J.C. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving: SocProS 2013, Volume 1, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer India, New Delhi, pp. 45–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fungal Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Why Do We Hiccup? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Procedures for Updating Arbitrator Disclosure Information (No. GAO-01-162R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Keels, D., 2014. An Analysis of the Correlation between Teacher Effectiveness and Student Standardized Test Scores (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Reinhart, M.K., 2015. High-Profile Union Ends Abruptly. New York Times ST14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Youle, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Litchinitser and Sun, 2015; Youle, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Litchinitser and Sun, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Hasegawa et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFungal Biology
AbbreviationFungal Biol.
ISSN (print)1878-6146
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science
Infectious Diseases

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