How to format your references using the Fungal Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fungal Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Appel, A., 2011. Drugs: More shots on target. Nature 480, S40-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sato, T., Clevers, H., 2013. Growing self-organizing mini-guts from a single intestinal stem cell: mechanism and applications. Science 340, 1190–1194.
A journal article with 3 authors
Henrich, J., Heine, S.J., Norenzayan, A., 2010. Most people are not WEIRD. Nature 466, 29.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, B., Yang, X., Xia, L., Majeed, M.I., Tan, B., 2013. Hollow microporous organic capsules. Sci. Rep. 3, 2128.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kuo, S.M., Lee, B.H., Tian, W., 2006. Real-Time Digital Signal Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Lin, C.Y.-Y., 2011. National Intellectual Capital: A Comparison of 40 Countries. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Frade, C., Acioly-Régnier, N., Jun, L., 2013. Beyond Deficit Models of Learning Mathematics: Socio-cultural Directions for Change and Research, in: Clements, M.A. (ken), Bishop, A.J., Keitel, C., Kilpatrick, J., Leung, F.K.S. (Eds.), Third International Handbook of Mathematics Education. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 101–144.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fungal Biology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. In Quantum Breakthrough, Scientists Get Two Photons To Interact [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Financial Education and Counseling Pilot Program (No. GAO-11-737R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Culumber, J.J., 2017. Physician Practice Survival: The Role of Analytics in Shaping the Future (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McNAMARA, J., 2017. Falling Through Time. New York Times BR14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Appel, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Appel, 2011; Sato and Clevers, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sato and Clevers, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFungal Biology
AbbreviationFungal Biol.
ISSN (print)1878-6146
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science
Infectious Diseases

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