How to format your references using the Socio-Economic Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Socio-Economic Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fuyuno, I. (2011) ‘Japan: Will the Sun Set on Kampo?’, Nature, 480, S96.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carmeliet, P. and Tessier-Lavigne, M. (2005) ‘Common Mechanisms of Nerve and Blood Vessel Wiring’, Nature, 436, 193–200.
A journal article with 3 authors
Asaadi, N., Ribe, N. M. and Sobouti, F. (2011) ‘Inferring Nonlinear Mantle Rheology from the Shape of the Hawaiian Swell’, Nature, 473, 501–504.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Stevenson, R. M., Young, R. J., Atkinson, P., Cooper, K., Ritchie, D. A. and Shields, A. J. (2006) ‘A Semiconductor Source of Triggered Entangled Photon Pairs’, Nature, 439, 179–182.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cheremisinoff, N. P. and Davletshin, A. (2010) A Guide to Safe Material and Chemical Handling, Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mitsikostas, D. D. and Paemeleire, K. (eds) (2016) Pharmacological Management of Headaches, Cham, Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Brady, B. H. G. and Brown, E. T. (2004) ‘Pre-Mining State of Stress’. In Brown, E. T. (ed) Rock Mechanics for underground mining: Third edition, Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, pp. 142–164.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Socio-Economic Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) ‘New Material Converts Sunlight to Steam’, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Schools and Libraries Corporation: Actions Needed to Strengthen Program Integrity Operations Before Committing Funds, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McDuffie, C. A. (2017) Melodies of Intervention: Music Therapy for Transitional-Age Youth: A Grant Proposal, Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2009) ‘Fire Up the Grill’, New York Times ( 31 May 2009).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fuyuno, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Fuyuno, 2011; Carmeliet and Tessier-Lavigne, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carmeliet and Tessier-Lavigne, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Stevenson et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocio-Economic Review
AbbreviationSocioecon. Rev.
ISSN (print)1475-1461
ISSN (online)1475-147X
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance
Sociology and Political Science

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