How to format your references using the Social Work Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Work Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cresswell, P. (2004). Cell biology. Cutting and pasting antigenic peptides. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5670), 525–527.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barton, G. M., & Medzhitov, R. (2003). Toll-like receptor signaling pathways. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5625), 1524–1525.
A journal article with 3 authors
Togashi, T., Sasaki, H., & Yoshimura, J. (2014). A geometrical approach explains Lake Ball (Marimo) formations in the green alga, Aegagropila linnaei. Scientific Reports, 4, 3761.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Stanley, S., Elkins-Tanton, L., Zuber, M. T., & Parmentier, E. M. (2008). Mars’ paleomagnetic field as the result of a single-hemisphere dynamo. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5897), 1822–1825.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gordon, M. J., Jr. (2010). Total Quality Process Control for Injection Molding. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hunt, J. L. (Ed.). (2010). Molecular Pathology of Endocrine Diseases (Vol. 3). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Fells, R., & Prowse, P. (2016). Negotiations in the Workplace: Overcoming the Problem of Asymmetry. In P. Elgoibar, M. Euwema, & L. Munduate (Eds.), Building Trust and Constructive Conflict Management in Organizations (pp. 75–92). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Work Education.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, October 6). Six Weeks Of Meteor Showers Starts Tomorrow With The Draconids. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Aviation Safety: FAA Has An Opportunity to Enhance Safety and Improve Oversight of Initial Pilot Training (GAO-12-537T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shamloo Aliabadi, E. (2013). The effect of distortion on trajectory of diesel Particulate Matters (PM) from mobile sources [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2013, June 6). The Gossip Just Won’t Stop. New York Times, E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cresswell, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Barton & Medzhitov, 2003; Cresswell, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barton & Medzhitov, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Togashi et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Stanley et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Work Education
AbbreviationSoc. Work Educ.
ISSN (print)0261-5479
ISSN (online)1470-1227
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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