How to format your references using the Social Work Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Work Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garsin, D. A. (2004). Microbiology. Peptide signals sense and destroy target cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5705), 2202–2203.
A journal article with 2 authors
Elbert, T., & Schauer, M. (2002). Burnt into memory. Nature, 419(6910), 883.
A journal article with 3 authors
Flak, M. B., Neves, J. F., & Blumberg, R. S. (2013). Immunology. Welcome to the microgenderome. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6123), 1044–1045.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
López-Bueno, A., Tamames, J., Velázquez, D., Moya, A., Quesada, A., & Alcamí, A. (2009). High diversity of the viral community from an Antarctic lake. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5954), 858–861.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weiss, A. (2009). Getting Started in Consulting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tollefsen, C. (Ed.). (2008). Artificial Nutrition and Hydration: The New Catholic Debate (Vol. 93). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Bettini, L., Damiani, F., De Luca, M., Geilmann, K., & Schäfer, J. (2010). A Calculus for Boxes and Traits in a Java-Like Setting. In D. Clarke & G. Agha (Eds.), Coordination Models and Languages: 12th International Conference, COORDINATION 2010, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 7-9, 2010. Proceedings (pp. 46–60). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Work Education.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, June 6). New Treatment Shown To Dramatically Boost Survival Rates In Prostate Cancer Patients. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). A Bibliography of Documents Issued by the GAO on Matters Related to: ADP (AFMD-81-85). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Howard-Skipper, J. (2014). Leadership that promotes teacher empowerment among urban middle school science teachers [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2016, September 30). Exploring the Silence After the War. New York Times, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Garsin, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Elbert & Schauer, 2002; Garsin, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Elbert & Schauer, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Flak et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (López-Bueno et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Work Education
AbbreviationSoc. Work Educ.
ISSN (print)0261-5479
ISSN (online)1470-1227
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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