How to format your references using the Epigenetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Epigenetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Stringer C. Palaeontology: The 100-year mystery of Piltdown Man. Nature 2012; 492:177–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Vollan B, Ostrom E. Social science. Cooperation and the commons. Science 2010; 330:923–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Spradling A, Drummond-Barbosa D, Kai T. Stem cells find their niche. Nature 2001; 414:98–104.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Unlu M, Hashemi MR, Berry CW, Li S, Yang S-H, Jarrahi M. Switchable scattering meta-surfaces for broadband terahertz modulation. Sci Rep 2014; 4:5708.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Biswas S, Ray P, Chakrabarti BK. Statistical Physics of Fracture, Breakdown, and Earthquake. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Avilés A. Separably Injective Banach Spaces. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Weng M. “Franco’s Children”: Childhood Memory as National Allegory. In: Millei Z, Imre R, editors. Childhood and Nation: Interdisciplinary Engagements. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016. page 53–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Epigenetics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Some Shape-Shifting Animals That Can Morph To Fool Others [Internet]. IFLScience2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/some-shape-shifting-animals-can-morph-fool-others/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Treasury Needs to Strengthen Its Investment Board Operations and Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Chima-Okereke O. The distinct VPS35 mutant, env1, exhibits unique protein mislocalization and processing phenotype. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Asked Yet Again for Multiple Innings, Mets’ Bullpen Lets a Game Slip Away. New York Times2017; :D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEpigenetics
AbbreviationEpigenetics
ISSN (print)1559-2294
ISSN (online)1559-2308
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Biology

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