How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Stern, “Non-Abelian states of matter,” Nature, vol. 464, no. 7286, pp. 187–193, Mar. 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Deckert and M. Dameris, “Atmospheric science. From ocean to stratosphere,” Science, vol. 322, no. 5898, pp. 53–55, Oct. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. B. Biggins, K. C. Onwueme, and J. S. Thorson, “Resistance to enediyne antitumor antibiotics by CalC self-sacrifice,” Science, vol. 301, no. 5639, pp. 1537–1541, Sep. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Subramaniam, K. M. Sixt, R. Barrow, and S. H. Snyder, “Rhes, a striatal specific protein, mediates mutant-huntingtin cytotoxicity,” Science, vol. 324, no. 5932, pp. 1327–1330, Jun. 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. E. Barnett and W. B. Johnson, Ethics Desk Reference for Counselors. Alexandria, VA, USA: American Counseling Association, 2015.
An edited book
J. Wang, Human Action Recognition with Depth Cameras. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Craven, “Learning Expressive Models of Gene Regulation,” in Inductive Logic Programming: 18th International Conference, ILP 2008 Prague, Czech Republic, September 10-12, 2008 Proceedings, F. Železný and N. Lavrač, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008, pp. 4–4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Forgotten Amber Collection Gives New Insight To Ancient Ecosystems,” IFLScience, 30-Jul-2014. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Problems Resulting From Management Practices in Recruiting, Training, and Using Non-High-School Graduates and Category IV Personnel,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, FPCD-76-24, Jan. 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. A. Ortiz, “New graduate nurses’ experiences of what accounts for their lack of professional confidence during their first year of practice,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. F. Burghardt, “Neighbors Protest Flea Market’s Move to Belmont Park,” New York Times, p. 14CN5, 07-Jan-2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.
ISSN (print)0018-9480
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles