How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. E. Ricklefs, “Cladogenesis and morphological diversification in passerine birds,” Nature, vol. 430, no. 6997, pp. 338–341, Jul. 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Vollmer and H.-J. Butt, “Materials science: Droplets leap into action,” Nature, vol. 527, no. 7576, pp. 41–42, Nov. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. R. Lorsch, F. S. Collins, and J. Lippincott-Schwartz, “Cell Biology. Fixing problems with cell lines,” Science, vol. 346, no. 6216, pp. 1452–1453, Dec. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F. J. Wentz, L. Ricciardulli, K. Hilburn, and C. Mears, “How much more rain will global warming bring?,” Science, vol. 317, no. 5835, pp. 233–235, Jul. 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. B. Stauffer, Contemporary Bayesian and Frequentist Statistical Research Methods for Natural Resource Scientists. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2007.
An edited book
A. Laghi, La colonscopia virtuale. Milano: Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
O. Hölck and B. Wunderle, “Microelectronics Packaging Materials: Investigating the Influence of Moisture by Molecular Dynamics Simulations,” in Molecular Modeling and Multiscaling Issues for Electronic Material Applications: Volume 2, A. Wymyslowski, N. Iwamoto, M. Yuen, and H. Fan, Eds., Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 41–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques.

Blog post
B. Taub, “Horses Ask People For Help When They’re Stuck,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Transportation Infrastructure: Estimated State Funding Under the Transportation Empowerment Act,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-97-234R, Sep. 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
V. P. Baxter, “Communitarian Leadership Practice Acquisition in Educational Leadership Preparation,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Kelly, “Linking History and Fortunes of a City and a Team,” New York Times, p. A29B, Oct. 14, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.
ISSN (print)0018-9480
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

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