How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
V. Gewin, “The spread of postdoc unions,” Nature, vol. 467, no. 7316, pp. 739–741, Oct. 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
C.-B. Zhong and K. Liljenquist, “Washing away your sins: threatened morality and physical cleansing,” Science, vol. 313, no. 5792, pp. 1451–1452, Sep. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Komatsu, T. Sekiya, and K. Nagata, “DNA replication-dependent binding of CTCF plays a critical role in adenovirus genome functions,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2187, 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
I. Itzhaki et al., “Modelling the long QT syndrome with induced pluripotent stem cells,” Nature, vol. 471, no. 7337, pp. 225–229, Mar. 2011.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. D. George, T. G. Donley, and P. M. Preshaw, Ultrasonic Periodontal Debridement. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
D. Lange and B. Chew, Eds., The Role of Bacteria in Urology, 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Spaargaren and C. S. A. K. van Koppen, “Provider Strategies and the Greening of Consumption Practices: Exploring the Role of Companies in Sustainable Consumption,” in The New Middle Classes: Globalizing Lifestyles, Consumerism and Environmental Concern, L. Meier and H. Lange, Eds. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009, pp. 81–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques.

Blog post
J. Fang, “DNA GPS Maps Where Your Ancestors Lived,” IFLScience, May 02, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Information Technology: Demand for the Social Security Administration’s Electronic Data Exchanges Is Growing and Presents Future Challenges,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-09-126, Dec. 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Jennings, “Hiring, promotions, and identity negotiation of female hiring agents in American corporate retail,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
M. Mcbride, T. Blackmon, F. Reid, and B. W. Skinner, “Don’t Wait For a Perfect Protest,” New York Times, p. A19, Sep. 02, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.
ISSN (print)0018-9480
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

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