How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. S. Poethig, “Phase change and the regulation of developmental timing in plants,” Science, vol. 301, no. 5631, pp. 334–336, Jul. 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
F. A. Armstrong and J. C. Fontecilla-Camps, “Biochemistry. A natural choice for activating hydrogen,” Science, vol. 321, no. 5888, pp. 498–499, Jul. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. Daw, J. Finkelstein, and M. Helmer, “Chemistry and energy,” Nature, vol. 488, no. 7411, p. 293, Aug. 2012.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Ouyang, J. L. Huang, C. L. Cheung, and C. M. Lieber, “Energy gaps in ‘metallic’ single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science, vol. 292, no. 5517, pp. 702–705, Apr. 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
N. Katsilambros, C. Kanaka-Gantenbein, S. Liatis, K. Makrilakis, and N. Tentolouris, Diabetic Emergencies. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.
An edited book
S. D. Wannemacker, S. Vandercruysse, and G. Clarebout, Eds., Serious Games: The Challenge: ITEC/CIP and T 2011: Joint Conference of the Interdisciplinary Research Group on Technology, Education, and Communication, and the Scientific Network on Critical and Flexible Thinking Ghent, Belgium, October 19-21, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, vol. 280. in Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol. 280. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
V. Kuznyetsov, “Problem of Pops Management in Ukraine: the Lack of Interdepartmental Cooperation and Public Involvement,” in The Fate of Persistent Organic Pollutants in the Environment, E. Mehmetli and B. Koumanova, Eds., in NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2008, pp. 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, “Amazon’s Jeff Bezos Wants Humans To Colonize The Moon With His Help,” IFLScience, Mar. 03, 2017. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Use of the Public Law 94-142 Set-Aside Shows Both the Flexibility Intended by the Law and the Need for Improved Reporting,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, PEMD-85-5, Jan. 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. D. Parker, “Uncovering Three Trumpet Works of Sofia Gubaidulina,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. K. (nyt), “World Briefing | Europe: Ukraine: Russia Lifts Arrest For Ex-Premier,” New York Times, p. A9, Sep. 27, 2005.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.
ISSN (print)0018-9480
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

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