How to format your references using the Social Movement Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Movement Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisher, C. B. (2006). Public health. Clinical trials results databases: unanswered questions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5758), 180–181.
A journal article with 2 authors
Métin, C., & Luccardini, C. (2010). Neuroscience. Ubiquitination inhibits neuronal exit. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6012), 1754–1755.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gadsby, D. C., Vergani, P., & Csanády, L. (2006). The ABC protein turned chloride channel whose failure causes cystic fibrosis. Nature, 440(7083), 477–483.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Santelli, E., Bankston, L. A., Leppla, S. H., & Liddington, R. C. (2004). Crystal structure of a complex between anthrax toxin and its host cell receptor. Nature, 430(7002), 905–908.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krings, A., & Braham, R. R. (2008). Guide to Tendrillate Climbers of Costa Rican Mountains. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing.
An edited book
Amadio, R. (Ed.). (2008). Foundations of Software Science and Computational Structures: 11th International Conference, FOSSACS 2008, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2008, Budapest, Hungary, March 29 - April 6, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Borgström, J., Gordon, A. D., & Pucella, R. (2010). Roles, Stacks, Histories: A Triple for Hoare. In A. W. Roscoe, C. B. Jones, & K. R. Wood (Eds.), Reflections on the Work of C.A.R. Hoare (pp. 71–99). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Movement Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, August 22). Scientists Just Discovered A Secret American Manuscript That Was Hidden Under Paint For 500 Years. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Management Controls Over Use of ADP For Scientific Applications (No. 092832). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blandin, N. M. (2008). Re-conceptualizing leadership for an era of complexity and uncertainty: A case study of leadership in a complex adaptive system (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, June 1). Sami Blood. New York Times, p. C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fisher, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Fisher, 2006; Métin & Luccardini, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Métin & Luccardini, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Gadsby, Vergani, & Csanády, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Santelli, Bankston, Leppla, & Liddington, 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Movement Studies
AbbreviationSoc. Mov. Stud.
ISSN (print)1474-2837
ISSN (online)1474-2829
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

Other styles