How to format your references using the Social Identities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Identities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen, D. (2005). Nuts and bolts. International ventures. Nature, 434(7034), 804.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prins, G., & Rayner, S. (2007). Time to ditch Kyoto. Nature, 449(7165), 973–975.
A journal article with 3 authors
Makino, D. L., Baumgärtner, M., & Conti, E. (2013). Crystal structure of an RNA-bound 11-subunit eukaryotic exosome complex. Nature, 495(7439), 70–75.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Herek, J. L., Wohlleben, W., Cogdell, R. J., Zeidler, D., & Motzkus, M. (2002). Quantum control of energy flow in light harvesting. Nature, 417(6888), 533–535.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sadr, A. (2009). Interest Rate Swaps and Their Derivatives. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pardalos, P. M., & Rassias, T. M. (Eds.). (2014). Mathematics Without Boundaries: Surveys in Interdisciplinary Research. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, J., Kim, S., & Kim, J. (2011). Introduction of KNCPC (Korea National Cleaner Production Center) and Activity on Green Growth. In M.-W. Han & J. Lee (Eds.), EKC 2010: Proceedings of the EU-Korea Conference on Science and Technology (pp. 35–40). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Identities.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 6). Star Trek Actress Nichelle Nichols Confirms She Will Fly In A NASA Mission Later This Year. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Higher Education: Education Should Strengthen Oversight of Schools and Accreditors [Reissued on January 22, 2015] (GAO-15-59). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nistal França, F. J. (2017). Nondestructive Evaluation of Southern Pine Lumber [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, January 17). In Tight Battle, Jets Look Like the Geniuses. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koen, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Koen, 2005; Prins & Rayner, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prins & Rayner, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Makino et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Herek et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Identities
ISSN (print)1350-4630
ISSN (online)1363-0296
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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