How to format your references using the Social Identities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Identities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Webster, P. J. (2013). Meteorology: Improve weather forecasts for the developing world. Nature, 493(7430), 17–19.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frede, J., & Jones, P. H. (2013). Development. Permission to proliferate. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6163), 1183–1184.
A journal article with 3 authors
Worobey, M., Han, G.-Z., & Rambaut, A. (2014). A synchronized global sweep of the internal genes of modern avian influenza virus. Nature, 508(7495), 254–257.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rosenthal, A., Yaxley, G. M., Green, D. H., Hermann, J., Kovács, I., & Spandler, C. (2014). Continuous eclogite melting and variable refertilisation in upwelling heterogeneous mantle. Scientific Reports, 4, 6099.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wierenga, E. R. (2016). The Philosophy of Religion. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Vimercati, S. de C. di, Syverson, P., & Gollmann, D. (Eds.). (2005). Computer Security – ESORICS 2005: 10th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, Milan, Italy, September 12-14, 2005. Proceedings (Vol. 3679). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Soltakhanov, S. K., Yushkov, M. P., & Zegzhda, S. A. (2009). The Mixed Problem Of Dynamics. New Class Of Control Problems. In M. P. Yushkov & S. A. Zegzhda (Eds.), Mechanics of non-holonomic systems: A New Class of control systems (pp. 125–148). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Identities.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, April 5). Ancient Skeleton Reveals 10,000-Year Link To Modern Tribes In Pacific Northwest. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Federal Student Aid: Timely Performance Plans and Reports Would Help Guide and Assess Achievement of Default Management Goals (GAO-03-348). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peters, W. C. (2017). An Evaluation of the Relationship Between Critical Technology Developments and Technology Maturity [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic, B., & Chapman, M. M. (2016, January 11). VW Starts Down Road of Winning Back Americans. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Webster, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Frede & Jones, 2013; Webster, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frede & Jones, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Worobey et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Rosenthal et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Identities
ISSN (print)1350-4630
ISSN (online)1363-0296
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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