How to format your references using the Social Identities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Identities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barton, R. A. (2002). How did brains evolve? Nature, 415(6868), 134–135.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shinar, G., & Feinberg, M. (2010). Structural sources of robustness in biochemical reaction networks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5971), 1389–1391.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kossin, J. P., Emanuel, K. A., & Vecchi, G. A. (2014). The poleward migration of the location of tropical cyclone maximum intensity. Nature, 509(7500), 349–352.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, K., Hirst, J., Camba, R., Bonagura, C. A., Stout, C. D., Burgess, B. K., & Armstrong, F. A. (2000). Atomically defined mechanism for proton transfer to a buried redox centre in a protein. Nature, 405(6788), 814–817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D’Andrea, A., & Sjogren, J. (2013). Veterinary Technician’s Large Animal Daily Reference Guide. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Rettinger, J. (2016). Electrophysiology: Basics, Modern Approaches and Applications. (S. Schwarz & W. Schwarz, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bona, C., Bona-Casas, C., & Palenzuela-Luque, C. (2009). Numerical Methods. In C. Palenzuela-Luque & C. Bona-Casas (Eds.), Elements of Numerical Relativity and Relativistic Hydrodynamics: From Einstein’ s Equations to Astrophysical Simulations (pp. 109–142). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Identities.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 9). The Pressure’s On To Save Our Rarest Primate. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Federal Research Grants: Compensation Paid to Graduate Students at the University of California (No. OSI-99-8). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sugawara, Y. (2013). When the Spaniels conquered Central America: Academic English and first year composition instruction (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Turkewitz, J. (2013, October 15). A State Inquiry Is Said To Target Job Agencies. New York Times, p. A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barton, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Barton, 2002; Shinar & Feinberg, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shinar & Feinberg, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Kossin, Emanuel, & Vecchi, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chen et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Identities
ISSN (print)1350-4630
ISSN (online)1363-0296
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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