How to format your references using the Social and Environmental Accountability Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social and Environmental Accountability Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lang, Trudie. 2015. “Ebola: Embed Research in Outbreak Response.” Nature 524 (7563): 29–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gronewold, Andrew D., and Craig A. Stow. 2014. “Environment. Water Loss from the Great Lakes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 343 (6175): 1084–1085.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sato, T. K., M. Overduin, and S. D. Emr. 2001. “Location, Location, Location: Membrane Targeting Directed by PX Domains.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5548): 1881–1885.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ebisawa, K., Y. Maeda, H. Kaneda, and S. Yamauchi. 2001. “Origin of the Hard X-Ray Emission from the Galactic Plane.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5535): 1633–1635.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bolstad, William M. 2009. Understanding Computational Bayesian Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chabrot, Pascal, and Louis Boyer, eds. 2014. Embolization. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Assi, Abdallah, and Pedro A. García-Sánchez. 2016. “Factorizations and Divisibility.” In Numerical Semigroups and Applications, edited by Pedro A. García-Sánchez, 85–99. RSME Springer Series. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social and Environmental Accountability Journal.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2016. “Catsharks Glow Brighter The Deeper They Go.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1972. Can Cost Accounting Help Manage the Rising Costs of ADP Operations? 091000. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simmons, Carol Ivy. 2017. “A Logistic Regression Analysis of Multiple Independent Variables Impacting Psychiatric Readmissions.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2006. “Court Upholds Arizona Limits Imposed on Insanity Defense.” New York Times, June 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lang 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lang 2015; Gronewold and Stow 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gronewold and Stow 2014)
  • Three authors: (Sato, Overduin, and Emr 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ebisawa et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial and Environmental Accountability Journal
AbbreviationSoc. Environ. Acc. J.
ISSN (print)0969-160X
ISSN (online)2156-2245

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