How to format your references using the Social and Environmental Accountability Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social and Environmental Accountability Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rikken, Geert L. J. A. 2011. “Physics. A New Twist on Spintronics.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 331 (6019): 864–865.
A journal article with 2 authors
Odorizzi, Pamela M., and E. John Wherry. 2013. “Immunology. An Interferon Paradox.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 340 (6129): 155–156.
A journal article with 3 authors
Seidel, Hannah S., Matthew V. Rockman, and Leonid Kruglyak. 2008. “Widespread Genetic Incompatibility in C. Elegans Maintained by Balancing Selection.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5863): 589–594.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sekitani, Tsuyoshi, Tomoyuki Yokota, Ute Zschieschang, Hagen Klauk, Siegfried Bauer, Ken Takeuchi, Makoto Takamiya, Takayasu Sakurai, and Takao Someya. 2009. “Organic Nonvolatile Memory Transistors for Flexible Sensor Arrays.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5959): 1516–1519.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dewe, Philip J., Michael P. O’Driscoll, and Cary L. Cooper. 2010. Coping with Work Stress. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Yuille, Alan L., Song-Chun Zhu, Daniel Cremers, and Yongtian Wang, eds. 2007. Energy Minimization Methods in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition: 6th International Conference, EMMCVPR 2007, Ezhou, China, August 27-29, 2007. Proceedings. Vol. 4679. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gor’kov, L. P. 2008. “Theory of Superconducting Alloys.” In Superconductivity: Conventional and Unconventional Superconductors, edited by K. H. Bennemann and John B. Ketterson, 201–224. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social and Environmental Accountability Journal.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2014. “Graphic Shows The Size Of Rosetta’s Comet.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Information Technology: Consistently Applying Best Practices Could Help IRS Improve the Reliability of Reported Cost and Schedule Information. GAO-13-401. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gramajo, German G. 2014. “Guidance Control of Small UAV with Energy and Maneuverability Limitations for a Search and Coverage Mission.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2017. “Rendon, Perhaps the Best Player on the Nationals, Hides in Plain Sight.” New York Times, October 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rikken 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Rikken 2011; Odorizzi and Wherry 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Odorizzi and Wherry 2013)
  • Three authors: (Seidel, Rockman, and Kruglyak 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Sekitani et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial and Environmental Accountability Journal
AbbreviationSoc. Environ. Acc. J.
ISSN (print)0969-160X
ISSN (online)2156-2245

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