How to format your references using the Social and Environmental Accountability Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social and Environmental Accountability Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dajani, Rana. 2014. “Jordan’s Stem-Cell Law Can Guide the Middle East.” Nature 510 (7504): 189.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nisbet, E. G., and N. H. Sleep. 2001. “The Habitat and Nature of Early Life.” Nature 409 (6823): 1083–1091.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tilmes, Simone, Rolf Müller, and Ross Salawitch. 2008. “The Sensitivity of Polar Ozone Depletion to Proposed Geoengineering Schemes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5880): 1201–1204.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Seligson, David B., Steve Horvath, Tao Shi, Hong Yu, Sheila Tze, Michael Grunstein, and Siavash K. Kurdistani. 2005. “Global Histone Modification Patterns Predict Risk of Prostate Cancer Recurrence.” Nature 435 (7046): 1262–1266.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Möller, Ralf, Hans Pöter, and Knut Schwarze. 2011. Planen Und Bauen Mit Trapezprofilen Und Sandwichelementen. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Bolognese, Antonio. 2009. Surgery in Multimodal Management of Solid Tumors. Edited by Luciano Izzo. Updates in Surgery. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dao-Tran, Minh, Thomas Eiter, Michael Fink, and Thomas Krennwallner. 2011. “First-Order Encodings for Modular Nonmonotonic Datalog Programs.” In Datalog Reloaded: First International Workshop, Datalog 2010, Oxford, UK, March 16-19, 2010. Revised Selected Papers, edited by Oege de Moor, Georg Gottlob, Tim Furche, and Andrew Sellers, 59–77. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social and Environmental Accountability Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2017. “This Zip Line Will Take Astronauts To Safety If Something Goes Wrong With Their Rocket.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1975. Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Development and the Ability of the Department of the Interior To Administer Such a Program. 096973. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nelson, Paul Thelin. 2008. “Sound as a Gateway to a Personal Relationship with Nature.” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, James B. 2016. “Fossil Fuel Stocks Divide a Village.” New York Times, December 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dajani 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Dajani 2014; Nisbet and Sleep 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nisbet and Sleep 2001)
  • Three authors: (Tilmes, Müller, and Salawitch 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Seligson et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial and Environmental Accountability Journal
AbbreviationSoc. Environ. Acc. J.
ISSN (print)0969-160X
ISSN (online)2156-2245

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