How to format your references using the Social and Environmental Accountability Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social and Environmental Accountability Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Arrow, Holly. 2007. “Evolution. The Sharp End of Altruism.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 318 (5850): 581–582.
A journal article with 2 authors
Spencer, John R., and Tilmann Denk. 2010. “Formation of Iapetus’ Extreme Albedo Dichotomy by Exogenically Triggered Thermal Ice Migration.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 327 (5964): 432–435.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, Alice E., David D. Ginty, and Chen-Ming Fan. 2005. “Protein Kinase A Signalling via CREB Controls Myogenesis Induced by Wnt Proteins.” Nature 433 (7023): 317–322.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gunawardane, Lalith S., Kuniaki Saito, Kazumichi M. Nishida, Keita Miyoshi, Yoshinori Kawamura, Tomoko Nagami, Haruhiko Siomi, and Mikiko C. Siomi. 2007. “A Slicer-Mediated Mechanism for Repeat-Associated SiRNA 5’ End Formation in Drosophila.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5818): 1587–1590.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaltashov, Igor A., and Stephen J. Eyles. 2005. Mass Spectrometry in Biophysics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lajtha, Abel, Daniel Javitt, and Joshua Kantrowitz, eds. 2009. Handbook of Neurochemistry and Molecular Neurobiology: Schizophrenia. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Erozan, Yener S., and Armanda Tatsas. 2015. “Kidney.” In Cytopathology of Liver, Biliary Tract, Kidney and Adrenal Gland, edited by Armanda Tatsas, 115–161. Essentials in Cytopathology. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social and Environmental Accountability Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2016. “We Now Know Why ESA’s Schiaparelli Lander Crashed On Mars.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Intercity Passenger Rail: Potential Financial Issues in the Event That Amtrak Undergoes Liquidation. GAO-02-871. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lin, Tiffany S. 2014. “The Invisible ‘Religious’ Minority: Working with the Nonreligious Bereaved.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2010. “A Continent’s Hopes Are Swatted Away.” New York Times, July 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Arrow 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Arrow 2007; Spencer and Denk 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Spencer and Denk 2010)
  • Three authors: (Chen, Ginty, and Fan 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gunawardane et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial and Environmental Accountability Journal
AbbreviationSoc. Environ. Acc. J.
ISSN (print)0969-160X
ISSN (online)2156-2245

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