How to format your references using the Social and Environmental Accountability Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social and Environmental Accountability Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin, Virginia. 2007. “Crunch Time for Multiple-Gene Tests.” Nature 445 (7126): 354–355.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jansen, Vincent A. A., and Michael P. H. Stumpf. 2005. “Ecology. Making Sense of Evolution in an Uncertain World.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309 (5743): 2005–2007.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grover, Tarun, D. N. Sheng, and Ashvin Vishwanath. 2014. “Emergent Space-Time Supersymmetry at the Boundary of a Topological Phase.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 344 (6181): 280–283.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kato, M., K. Mizuno, A. Crozier, T. Fujimura, and H. Ashihara. 2000. “Caffeine Synthase Gene from Tea Leaves.” Nature 406 (6799): 956–957.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li, Han-Xiong, and Xinjiang Lu. 2014. System Design and Control Integration for Advanced Manufacturing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ebbinghaus, Heinz Dieter. 2015. Ernst Zermelo: An Approach to His Life and Work. Edited by Volker Peckhaus. 2nd ed. 2015. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Khoury, Richard, and Douglas Wilhelm Harder. 2016. “Taylor Series.” In Numerical Methods and Modelling for Engineering, edited by Douglas Wilhelm Harder, 67–75. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social and Environmental Accountability Journal.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2014. “New Galaxy Discovered Close To Our Own.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Financial Difficulties and Funding at D-Q University. HRD-77-146. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stitt, Carmen R. 2008. “Differences in Theoretical Constructs of Processing Health Information in Narrative Entertainment Television Messages.” Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fernandez, Manny. 2015. “After Shooting, Scrutiny Turns to 2nd Officer.” New York Times, April 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Gewin 2007; Jansen and Stumpf 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jansen and Stumpf 2005)
  • Three authors: (Grover, Sheng, and Vishwanath 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kato et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial and Environmental Accountability Journal
AbbreviationSoc. Environ. Acc. J.
ISSN (print)0969-160X
ISSN (online)2156-2245

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