How to format your references using the Social and Environmental Accountability Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social and Environmental Accountability Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stearns, Tim. 2015. “Cell Biology. Centrioles, in Absentia.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 348 (6239): 1091–1092.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sun, Jimin, and Tungsheng Liu. 2006. “The Age of the Taklimakan Desert.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 (5780): 1621.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richardson, Anthony R., Stephen J. Libby, and Ferric C. Fang. 2008. “A Nitric Oxide-Inducible Lactate Dehydrogenase Enables Staphylococcus Aureus to Resist Innate Immunity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5870): 1672–1676.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rajala, Raju V. S., Ammaji Rajala, Andrew J. Morris, and Robert E. Anderson. 2014. “Phosphoinositides: Minor Lipids Make a Major Impact on Photoreceptor Cell Functions.” Scientific Reports 4 (June): 5463.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen, Wuwei, Hansong Xiao, Qidong Wang, Linfeng Zhao, and Maofei Zhu. 2016. Integrated Vehicle Dynamics and Control. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Chen, Zhao. 2016. Toward Balanced Growth with Economic Agglomeration: Empirical Studies of China’s Urban-Rural and Interregional Development. Edited by Ming Lu. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pendergast, Jennifer M., John L. Ward, and Stephanie Brun de Pontet. 2011. “The Vital Role of the Board in Family Business Continuity Planning.” In Building a Successful Family Business Board: A Guide for Leaders, Directors, and Families, edited by John L. Ward and Stephanie Brun de Pontet, 53–66. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social and Environmental Accountability Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2016. “David Attenborough Says The Great Barrier Reef Is In ‘Grave Danger’ – It’s Time To Step Up.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Apprenticeship Training: Administration, Use, and Equal Opportunity. HRD-92-43. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ding, Hao. 2012. “Mode of Action for Hexavalent Chromium Carcinogenicity in Drinking Water.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Michael. 1992. “Clinton Delays Trip To Work, Pack Up And Fill More Jobs.” New York Times, December 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stearns 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Stearns 2015; Sun and Liu 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sun and Liu 2006)
  • Three authors: (Richardson, Libby, and Fang 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Rajala et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial and Environmental Accountability Journal
AbbreviationSoc. Environ. Acc. J.
ISSN (print)0969-160X
ISSN (online)2156-2245

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