How to format your references using the Sleep Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sleep Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Stern P. Neuroscience methods. So you want to learn how to network? Introduction. Science 2009;326:385.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Roach M, Sauermann H. ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Founders and joiners. Science 2015;348:1200–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Bowman GD, O’Donnell M, Kuriyan J. Structural analysis of a eukaryotic sliding DNA clamp-clamp loader complex. Nature 2004;429:724–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Müller MM, Malinowski P, Gruber T, Hillyard SA. Sustained division of the attentional spotlight. Nature 2003;424:309–12.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Soprano A. Liquidity Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Yamanouchi K, Cundiff S, Vivie-Riedle R de, Kuwata-Gonokami M, DiMauro L, editors. Ultrafast Phenomena XIX: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference, Okinawa Convention Center, Okinawa, Japan, July 7-11, 2014. vol. 162. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Wess S. Reality Meets Research. In: Roth-Berghofer TR, Göker MH, Güvenir HA, editors. Advances in Case-Based Reasoning: 8th European Conference, ECCBR 2006 Fethiye, Turkey, September 4-7, 2006 Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 31–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sleep Science.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. The Science Of Doping And How Cheating Athletes Pass Drug Tests. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Impact of the Expanded Russian Role on Funding and Research. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Norris C. What is Lost Along the Way. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Gluck JP. Regretting My Animal Research. New York Times 2016:SR7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSleep Science
AbbreviationSleep Sci.
ISSN (print)1984-0063
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
Behavioral Neuroscience

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