How to format your references using the Skeletal Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Skeletal Radiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. DiVincenzo DP. Physics. Toward control of large-scale quantum computing. Science. 2011;334:50–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kokko H, López-Sepulcre A. From individual dispersal to species ranges: perspectives for a changing world. Science. 2006;313:789–91.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Woosley SE, Blinnikov S, Heger A. Pulsational pair instability as an explanation for the most luminous supernovae. Nature. 2007;450:390–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Harigaya Y, Tanaka H, Yamanaka S, Tanaka K, Watanabe Y, Tsutsumi C, et al. Selective elimination of messenger RNA prevents an incidence of untimely meiosis. Nature. 2006;442:45–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Schmidt W. Optische Spektroskopie. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2000.
An edited book
1. Tao X. Group Cell Architecture for Cooperative Communications. Cui Q, Xu X, Zhang P, editors. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Göktay AY, MacLennan GT. Vascular Disorders of the Kidney. In: Dogra VS, MacLennan GT, editors. Genitourinary Radiology: Kidney, Bladder and Urethra: The Pathologic Basis. London: Springer; 2013. p. 145–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Skeletal Radiology.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Skydiver Almost Hit by Meteorite [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/skydiver-almost-hit-meteorite/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Nanomanufacturing: Emergence and Implications for U.S. Competitiveness, the Environment, and Human Health. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Jan. Report No.: GAO-14-181SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gerhart T. Convex optimization techniques and their application in hyperspectral video processing [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Court Weighs Rights of Passengers When Police Stop Cars. New York Times. 2007 Apr 24;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSkeletal Radiology
AbbreviationSkeletal Radiol.
ISSN (print)0364-2348
ISSN (online)1432-2161
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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