How to format your references using the Silicon citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Silicon. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Dulloo AG (2002) Biomedicine. A sympathetic defense against obesity. Science 297:780–781
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Levine AJ, Puzio-Kuter AM (2010) The control of the metabolic switch in cancers by oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. Science 330:1340–1344
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Traag VA, Krings G, Van Dooren P (2013) Significant scales in community structure. Sci Rep 3:2930
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Bernhardt TG, Wang IN, Struck DK, Young R (2001) A protein antibiotic in the phage Qbeta virion: diversity in lysis targets. Science 292:2326–2329

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Wilmott P, Orrell D (2017) The Money Formula. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Eppstein D, Gansner ER (2010) Graph Drawing: 17th International Symposium, GD 2009, Chicago, IL, USA, September 22-25, 2009. Revised Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lee LF, Sidhu GK, Chan YF (2015) A Sociocultural Perspective of Factors Influencing Academic Writing from School to Postsecondary Education. In: Tang SF, Logonnathan L (eds) Taylor’s 7th Teaching and Learning Conference 2014 Proceedings: Holistic Education: Enacting Change. Springer, Singapore, pp 39–54

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Silicon.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Students Develop Cheap Water Treatment System Using Chip Packets. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2009) Telecommunications: Long-Term Strategic Vision Would Help Ensure Targeting of E-rate Funds to Highest-Priority Uses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kramer-Duffield J (2010) Beliefs and uses of tagging among undergraduates. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wilford JN (2016) John Glenn, Hero of the Space Age and a Longtime Senator, Is Dead at 95. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSilicon
AbbreviationSilicon
ISSN (print)1876-990X
ISSN (online)1876-9918
ScopeElectronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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