How to format your references using the Shock Waves citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Shock Waves. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Marshall, E.: Clinical trials and tribulations. Lemons, oranges, and complexity. Introduction. Science. 322, 209 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Settele, J., Kühn, E.: Ecology. Insect conservation. Science. 325, 41–42 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Melchor, R.N., Buchwaldt, R., Bowring, S.: A Late Eocene date for Late Triassic bird tracks. Nature. 495, E1-2 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Zhao, J., Sun, B.K., Erwin, J.A., Song, J.-J., Lee, J.T.: Polycomb proteins targeted by a short repeat RNA to the mouse X chromosome. Science. 322, 750–756 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Pelz, G.: Mechatronic Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2005)
An edited book
1.
Gardini, G.L., Almeida, M.H.T. de eds: Foreign Policy Responses to the Rise of Brazil: Balancing Power in Emerging States. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bhattacharya, A., Yang, Z., Pan, D.: COCONET: Co-operative Cache Driven Overlay NETwork for p2p Vod Streaming. In: Bartolini, N., Nikoletseas, S., Sinha, P., Cardellini, V., and Mahanti, A. (eds.) Quality of Service in Heterogeneous Networks: 6th International ICST Conference on Heterogeneous Networking for Quality, Reliability, Security and Robustness, QShine 2009 and 3rd International Workshop on Advanced Architectures and Algorithms for Internet Delivery and Applications, AAA-IDEA 2009, Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, November 23-25, 2009 Proceedings. pp. 52–68. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Shock Waves.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, E.: You Can Watch Brown Bears Fish For Salmon In Alaska LIVE On These Free Cameras, https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/watch-live-footage-brown-bears-fishing-sockeye-salmon-alaska/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Safety: FAA Can Better Prepare General Aviation Pilots for Mountain Flying Risks. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1993)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ponder, K.: Easing Stress by Helping Others: How Corporate Volunteer Programs Impact the Stress of Employees Within an Organization, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh, M.W.: Audit Finds Errors in Calculating Pensions in Bankruptcies, (2011)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleShock Waves
AbbreviationShock Waves
ISSN (print)0938-1287
ISSN (online)1432-2153
ScopeMechanical Engineering
General Physics and Astronomy

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