How to format your references using the Shock Waves citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Shock Waves. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roubik, D.W.: The value of bees to the coffee harvest. Nature. 417, 708 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Allen, M.R., Frame, D.J.: Atmosphere. Call off the quest. Science. 318, 582–583 (2007)
A journal article with 3 authors
Spradling, A., Drummond-Barbosa, D., Kai, T.: Stem cells find their niche. Nature. 414, 98–104 (2001)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Taddei, A., Van Houwe, G., Hediger, F., Kalck, V., Cubizolles, F., Schober, H., Gasser, S.M.: Nuclear pore association confers optimal expression levels for an inducible yeast gene. Nature. 441, 774–778 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adams, F., Aizawa, K.: The Bounds of Cognition. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2010)
An edited book
Ramsay, J.O.: Functional Data Analysis. Springer, New York, NY (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Knopov, P.S., Deriyeva, O.N.: Control Problem for Diffusion-Type Random Fields. In: Deriyeva, O.N. (ed.) Estimation and Control Problems for Stochastic Partial Differential Equations. pp. 135–153. Springer, New York, NY (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Shock Waves.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: HIV Latency: A High-Stakes Game Of Hide And Seek,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal Year-End Spending: Symptom of a Larger Problem. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1980)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kyriacou, A.: A method of verification of the total treatment time for the APBI (Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation) devices: Contura Multilumen Balloon and SAVI applicator, (2011)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Slotnik, D.E.: Joyce Carol Thomas, 78, Novelist and Poet, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleShock Waves
AbbreviationShock Waves
ISSN (print)0938-1287
ISSN (online)1432-2153
ScopeMechanical Engineering
General Physics and Astronomy

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