How to format your references using the Shock Waves citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Shock Waves. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marrucci, L.: Physics. Spinning the Doppler effect. Science. 341, 464–465 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams, L.E., Bargh, J.A.: Experiencing physical warmth promotes interpersonal warmth. Science. 322, 606–607 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Korkhov, V.M., Mireku, S.A., Locher, K.P.: Structure of AMP-PNP-bound vitamin B12 transporter BtuCD-F. Nature. 490, 367–372 (2012)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hynninen, T., Cabailh, G., Foster, A.S., Barth, C.: Defect mediated manipulation of nanoclusters on an insulator. Sci. Rep. 3, 1270 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prager, F.H., Rosteck, H.: Polyurethane and Fire. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG (2006)
An edited book
Hinze, M.: Optimization with PDE Constraints. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Gerdes, J.C., Thornton, S.M.: Implementable Ethics for Autonomous Vehicles. In: Maurer, M., Gerdes, J.C., Lenz, B., and Winner, H. (eds.) Autonomous Driving: Technical, Legal and Social Aspects. pp. 87–102. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Shock Waves.

Blog post
Hamilton, K.: Do Women’s Periods Really Synch When They Spend Time Together?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Job Training Partnership Act: Labor Title IV Initiatives Could Improve Relations With Native Americans. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1994)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baggio, B.G.: Integrating social software into blended -learning courses: A Delphi study of instructional -design processes, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L.: If ‘Looking for Accuracy,’ C.B.O. Is Fine Place to Start, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleShock Waves
AbbreviationShock Waves
ISSN (print)0938-1287
ISSN (online)1432-2153
ScopeMechanical Engineering
General Physics and Astronomy

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