How to format your references using the Shock Waves citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Shock Waves. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
McLaren, A.: Stem cells: golden opportunities with ethical baggage. Science. 288, 1778 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Thoroughman, K.A., Shadmehr, R.: Learning of action through adaptive combination of motor primitives. Nature. 407, 742–747 (2000)
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ashton, A., Murray, A.B., Arnault, O.: Formation of coastline features by large-scale instabilities induced by high-angle waves. Nature. 414, 296–300 (2001)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Davis, M.A., Chew, M.K., Hobbs, R.J., Lugo, A.E., Ewel, J.J., Vermeij, G.J., Brown, J.H., Rosenzweig, M.L., Gardener, M.R., Carroll, S.P., Thompson, K., Pickett, S.T.A., Stromberg, J.C., Del Tredici, P., Suding, K.N., Ehrenfeld, J.G., Grime, J.P., Mascaro, J., Briggs, J.C.: Don’t judge species on their origins. Nature. 474, 153–154 (2011)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Alsop, A.: Continuing Professional Development in Health and Social Care. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Hoboken, NJ USA (2013)
An edited book
1.
Crush, J., Battersby, J. eds: Rapid Urbanisation, Urban Food Deserts and Food Security in Africa. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Deswarte, Y., Gambs, S.: Towards a Privacy-Preserving National Identity Card. In: Garcia-Alfaro, J., Navarro-Arribas, G., Cuppens-Boulahia, N., and Roudier, Y. (eds.) Data Privacy Management and Autonomous Spontaneous Security: 4th International Workshop, DPM 2009 and Second International Workshop, SETOP 2009, St. Malo, France, September 24-25, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. pp. 48–64. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Shock Waves.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, E.: There’s A “Blue Moon” This Friday - But What Does That Mean?, https://www.iflscience.com/space/watch-out-fridays-blue-moon/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Transportation Research: Opportunities for Improving the Oversight of DOT’s Research Programs and User Satisfaction with Transportation Statistics. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2006)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Beard, A.R.: Absence Causation in Mechanistic Explanation, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Rothenberg, B.: Tennis; Azarenka Returns With a Victory, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleShock Waves
AbbreviationShock Waves
ISSN (print)0938-1287
ISSN (online)1432-2153
ScopeMechanical Engineering
General Physics and Astronomy

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