How to format your references using the Algebra universalis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Algebra universalis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Howard, K.: The view from the top. Nature. 426, 696–697 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Wickner, W., Schekman, R.: Protein translocation across biological membranes. Science. 310, 1452–1456 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Séguin, B., Singer, P.A., Daar, A.S.: Science community: scientific diasporas. Science. 312, 1602–1603 (2006)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ramanathan, V., Ramana, M.V., Roberts, G., Kim, D., Corrigan, C., Chung, C., Winker, D.: Warming trends in Asia amplified by brown cloud solar absorption. Nature. 448, 575–578 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laheurte, J.-M., Ripoll, C., Paret, D., Loussert, C.: UHF RFID Technologies for Identification and Traceability. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2014)
An edited book
Lee, R. ed: Applied Computing & Information Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Fertő, I., Podruzsik, S.: Intra-industry Trade in the Beer Industry within the Enlarged European Union. In: Cabras, I., Higgins, D., and Preece, D. (eds.) Brewing, Beer and Pubs: A Global Perspective. pp. 74–96. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Algebra universalis.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: The Chameleon Field: Will We Ever Find This “Fifth Force”?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Technology: FAA Has Many Investment Management Capabilities in Place, but More Oversight of Operational Systems Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2004)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rakusin, L.L.: Intervening to reduce adolescent substance abuse: A grant proposal, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E.: As Cupid Sheathes Arrows, Voodoo Dolls Come Out, (1999)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAlgebra universalis
AbbreviationAlgebra Universalis
ISSN (print)0002-5240
ISSN (online)1420-8911
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory

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