How to format your references using the Algebra universalis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Algebra universalis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Platt, F.M.: Sphingolipid lysosomal storage disorders. Nature. 510, 68–75 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Olszewski, T.D., Erwin, D.H.: Dynamic response of Permian brachiopod communities to long-term environmental change. Nature. 428, 738–741 (2004)
A journal article with 3 authors
Ninomiya, H., Elinson, R.P., Winklbauer, R.: Antero-posterior tissue polarity links mesoderm convergent extension to axial patterning. Nature. 430, 364–367 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Környei, Z., Beke, S., Mihálffy, T., Jelitai, M., Kovács, K.J., Szabó, Z., Szabó, B.: Cell sorting in a Petri dish controlled by computer vision. Sci. Rep. 3, 1088 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stack, T., Ostrom, L.T., Wilhelmsen, C.A.: Occupational Ergonomics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ (2016)
An edited book
Oka, Y. ed: Nuclear Reactor Design. Springer Japan, Tokyo (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Yengoh, G.T., Dent, D., Olsson, L., Tengberg, A.E., Tucker, C.J.: Limits to the Use of NDVI in Land Degradation Assessment. In: Dent, D., Olsson, L., Tengberg, A.E., and Tucker, C.J., III (eds.) Use of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) to Assess Land Degradation at Multiple Scales: Current Status, Future Trends, and Practical Considerations. pp. 27–30. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Algebra universalis.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Lionesses Take On Crocodile Over Elephant Meal,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Intercity Passenger Rail: Financial and Operating Conditions Threaten Amtrak’s Long-Term Viability. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1995)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Canetta, S.E.: Type III Neuregulin1 Signaling in Peripheral Sensory Neurons Affects Thermal Pain Sensation and Hyperalgesia, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: The Daddy of All Rivals: Martinez Is Back, (2009)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAlgebra universalis
AbbreviationAlgebra Universalis
ISSN (print)0002-5240
ISSN (online)1420-8911
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory

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