How to format your references using the Algebra universalis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Algebra universalis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clary, D.C.: Quantum dynamics of chemical reactions. Science. 321, 789–791 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
Patrinos, A., Drell, D.: The times they are a-changin’. Nature. 417, 589–590 (2002)
A journal article with 3 authors
Silbergeld, E., Lerman, S., Hushka, L.: Ethics. Human health research ethics. Science. 305, 949 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, F., Ma, Y., Li, W., Liu, X., Hu, L., Chen, D.: 2.7 μm emission of high thermally and chemically durable glasses based on AlF3. Sci. Rep. 4, 3607 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, D.: TKO Hiring! John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2007)
An edited book
Pickard, J.D., Akalan, N., Rocco, C.D., Dolenc, V.V., Antunes, J.L., Mooij, J.J.A., Schramm, J., Sindou, M. eds: Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery. Springer, Vienna (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
Haimes, R.: MOSS: Multiple Orthogonal Strand System. In: Sarrate, J. and Staten, M. (eds.) Proceedings of the 22nd International Meshing Roundtable. pp. 75–91. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Algebra universalis.

Blog post
Davis, J.: Global Surge In Renewables As Record Amount Is Invested In Clean Energy Sources,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Improving Social Security Administration Procedures for Acquiring ADP and Telecommunications Resources. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1980)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fetterolf-Klein, S.: Teacher leadership practices, supports and challenges in implementation of the common core high school math standards, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S.: Russians Treat Chechen Children To a Summer Vacation From War, (2001)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAlgebra universalis
AbbreviationAlgebra Universalis
ISSN (print)0002-5240
ISSN (online)1420-8911
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory

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