How to format your references using the Journal of Personnel Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Personnel Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davidson, E. H. (2010). Emerging properties of animal gene regulatory networks. Nature, 468(7326), 911–920.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lill, T., & Joubert, O. (2008). Materials science. The cutting edge of plasma etching. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5866), 1050–1051.
A journal article with 3 authors
Savukov, I. M., Lee, S.-K., & Romalis, M. V. (2006). Optical detection of liquid-state NMR. Nature, 442(7106), 1021–1024.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Maeda, K., Henbest, K. B., Cintolesi, F., Kuprov, I., Rodgers, C. T., Liddell, P. A., Gust, D., Timmel, C. R., & Hore, P. J. (2008). Chemical compass model of avian magnetoreception. Nature, 453(7193), 387–390.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wright, D. (2016). Using Commercial Contracts. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Mohapatra, D. P., & Patnaik, S. (Eds.). (2014). Intelligent Computing, Networking, and Informatics: Proceedings of the International Conference on Advanced Computing, Networking, and Informatics, India, June 2013 (Vol. 243). Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Scudder, S. J. (2008). Anatomy of a Southwest Florida Sand Burial Mound Smith Mound at the Pineland Site Complex. In E. J. Reitz, S. J. Scudder, & C. M. Scarry (Eds.), Case Studies in Environmental Archaeology (pp. 81–93). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Personnel Psychology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, June 23). Global Warming To Expose More People To Zika-Spreading Mosquito Aedes Aegypti. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). FAA Budget: Management Attention Needed for Future Investment Decisions (T-RCED-94-195). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moyer, A. S. (2012). The A+ Schools Program and School Improvement [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. (2012, September 2). A Vote for Small. New York Times, ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Davidson, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Davidson, 2010; Lill & Joubert, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lill & Joubert, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Savukov et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Maeda et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Personnel Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Pers. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1866-5888
ISSN (online)2190-5150
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Applied Psychology

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