How to format your references using the Journal of Personnel Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Personnel Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davis, M. (2013). Urban planning: Monumental knock-offs. Nature, 494(7438), 427–428.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kirz, J., & Miao, J. (2012). David Sayre (1924-2012). Nature, 484(7392), 38.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nakamura, K., Takahashi, Y., & Fujiwara, T. (2014). Low-temperature excess heat capacity in fresnoite glass and crystal. Scientific Reports, 4, 6523.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lund, E., Güttinger, S., Calado, A., Dahlberg, J. E., & Kutay, U. (2004). Nuclear export of microRNA precursors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5654), 95–98.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prager, F. H., & Rosteck, H. (2006). Polyurethane and Fire. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Bock, W. J., Gannot, I., & Tanev, S. (Eds.). (2008). Optical Waveguide Sensing and Imaging. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Gaxiola, F., Melin, P., & Valdez, F. (2014). Neural Network with Fuzzy Weights Using Type-1 and Type-2 Fuzzy Learning with Gaussian Membership Functions. In O. Castillo, P. Melin, W. Pedrycz, & J. Kacprzyk (Eds.), Recent Advances on Hybrid Approaches for Designing Intelligent Systems (pp. 51–65). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Personnel Psychology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, September 26). We Now Sort Of Know Why SpaceX’s Rocket Exploded. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). Review of the Tennessee Valley Authority’s Procurements of Automatic Data Processing Equipment (EMD-81-20). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maas, C. C. (2014). Emergency department utilization patterns in patients with diabetes [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2017, June 23). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Davis, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Davis, 2013; Kirz & Miao, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kirz & Miao, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Nakamura et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lund et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Personnel Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Pers. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1866-5888
ISSN (online)2190-5150
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Applied Psychology

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