How to format your references using the Journal of Personnel Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Personnel Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rakic, P. (2001). Neurobiology. Neurocreationism--making new cortical maps. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5544), 1011–1012.
A journal article with 2 authors
Field, J., & Brace, S. (2004). Pre-social benefits of extended parental care. Nature, 428(6983), 650–652.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zinchuk, V., Wu, Y., & Grossenbacher-Zinchuk, O. (2013). Bridging the gap between qualitative and quantitative colocalization results in fluorescence microscopy studies. Scientific Reports, 3, 1365.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Saito, F., Hirayasu, K., Satoh, T., Wang, C. W., Lusingu, J., Arimori, T., Shida, K., Palacpac, N. M. Q., Itagaki, S., Iwanaga, S., Takashima, E., Tsuboi, T., Kohyama, M., Suenaga, T., Colonna, M., Takagi, J., Lavstsen, T., Horii, T., & Arase, H. (2017). Immune evasion of Plasmodium falciparum by RIFIN via inhibitory receptors. Nature, 552(7683), 101–105.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heckman, R. (2016). Designing Platform Independent Mobile Apps and Services. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Puoci, F. (Ed.). (2015). Advanced Polymers in Medicine. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Shi, Z. (2008). Application of First Principles Methods in the Study of Fuel Cell Air-Cathode Electrocatalysis. In J. Zhang (Ed.), PEM Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts and Catalyst Layers: Fundamentals and Applications (pp. 289–329). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Personnel Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, January 18). Using Electricity, Not Molecules, To Switch Cells On And Off. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Interstate Commerce Commission: Impacts of Eliminating or Transferring Motor Carrier and Other Functions (T-RCED-95-119). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cummins, K. (2015). A Mixed Methods Study on The Leader in Me Process: How Does Fostering Student Leadership Capacity Influence Behavior, Efficacy, and Achievement? [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Apuzzo, M., & Schmidt, M. S. (2017, October 7). White House Tries Civility With Mueller. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rakic, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Field & Brace, 2004; Rakic, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Field & Brace, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Zinchuk et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Saito et al., 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Personnel Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Pers. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1866-5888
ISSN (online)2190-5150
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Applied Psychology

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