How to format your references using the Journal of Personnel Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Personnel Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Packer, C. (2010). Genetics. A bit of Texas in Florida. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5999), 1606–1607.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tissenbaum, H. A., & Guarente, L. (2001). Increased dosage of a sir-2 gene extends lifespan in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature, 410(6825), 227–230.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rossa, F. D., Dercole, F., & Piccardi, C. (2013). Profiling core-periphery network structure by random walkers. Scientific Reports, 3, 1467.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Banu, N., Chia, A., Ho, Z. Z., Garcia, A. T., Paravasivam, K., Grotenbreg, G. M., Bertoletti, A., & Gehring, A. J. (2014). Building and optimizing a virus-specific T cell receptor library for targeted immunotherapy in viral infections. Scientific Reports, 4, 4166.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bass, F. (2013). Guide to the Census. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Patel, B. (Ed.). (2016). Endodontic Treatment, Retreatment, and Surgery: Mastering Clinical Practice. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Möller, S. (2008). Evaluating Interactions with Spoken Dialogue Telephone Services. In L. Dybkjær & W. Minker (Eds.), Recent Trends in Discourse and Dialogue (pp. 69–100). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Personnel Psychology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, May 5). Denmark Has A Wild Wolf Pack For The First Time In 200 Years. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). Applicability of Service Contract Act to Service Employees of ADP and High-Technology Companies (No. 113769). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark, J. (2015). Screening for Allelopathic Potential and Self Facilitation in Japanese Hops (Humulus japonicus, Cannabaceae) [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, October 17). He Licks Bats, and He Kisses His Coach. Don’t Give Him Any More Ideas. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Packer, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Packer, 2010; Tissenbaum & Guarente, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tissenbaum & Guarente, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Rossa et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Banu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Personnel Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Pers. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1866-5888
ISSN (online)2190-5150
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Applied Psychology

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