How to format your references using the Journal of Personnel Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Personnel Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Triendl, R. (2000). Reactor refit ignites debate on Japan’s fusion strategy. Nature, 407(6804), 549.
A journal article with 2 authors
Einav, L., & Levin, J. (2014). Economics in the age of big data. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6210), 1243089.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pascoli, V., Turiault, M., & Lüscher, C. (2011). Reversal of cocaine-evoked synaptic potentiation resets drug-induced adaptive behaviour. Nature, 481(7379), 71–75.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fukuda, K., Hikichi, K., Sekine, T., Takeda, Y., Minamiki, T., Kumaki, D., & Tokito, S. (2013). Strain sensitivity and durability in p-type and n-type organic thin-film transistors with printed silver electrodes. Scientific Reports, 3, 2048.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D’Amico, G., Di Biase, G., Janssen, J., & Manca, R. (2017). Semi-Markov Migration Models for Credit Risk. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hendler, J. (2016). Social Machines: The Coming Collision of Artificial Intelligence, Social Networking, and Humanity (A. M. Mulvehill, Ed.). Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Aydelotte, B., & Schuster, B. (2016). Observation and Modeling of Cone Cracks in Ceramics. In B. Song, L. Lamberson, D. Casem, & J. Kimberley (Eds.), Dynamic Behavior of Materials, Volume 1: Proceedings of the 2015 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics (pp. 19–23). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Personnel Psychology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, October 11). Hurricane Matthew Unearthed These Hidden Civil War Cannonballs In South Carolina. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). NORAD’s Information Processing Improvement Program: Will It Enhance Mission Capability? (LCD-78-117). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crider, M. C. (2012). The social and environmental effects of shrimp mariculture: Case studies of two coastal villages in Ecuador [Doctoral dissertation]. Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006, July 9). His Hipness, John G. Roberts. New York Times, WK7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Triendl, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Einav & Levin, 2014; Triendl, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Einav & Levin, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Pascoli et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Fukuda et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Personnel Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Pers. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1866-5888
ISSN (online)2190-5150
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Applied Psychology

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