# How to format your references using the Sexologies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexologies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

## Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

## Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Motani R. Scaling effects in caudal fin propulsion and the speed of ichthyosaurs. Nature. 2002 Jan 17;415(6869):309–12.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mondal N, Parvin JD. DNA topoisomerase IIalpha is required for RNA polymerase II transcription on chromatin templates. Nature. 2001 Sep 27;413(6854):435–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Petit RJ, Hu FS, Dick CW. Forests of the past: a window to future changes. Science. 2008 Jun 13;320(5882):1450–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Silevitch DM, Bitko D, Brooke J, Ghosh S, Aeppli G, Rosenbaum TF. A ferromagnet in a continuously tunable random field. Nature. 2007 Aug 2;448(7153):567–70.

## Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rossner W, Graubner C-A. Spannbetonbauwerke. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
Kubátová H, Hochberger C, Daněk M, Sick B, editors. Architecture of Computing Systems – ARCS 2013: 26th International Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, February 19-22, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 7767).
A chapter in an edited book
Chitsaz M, Wang K, Blumenstein M, Qi G. Concept Learning for $\ensuremath{\ensuremath{\cal E}\ensuremath{\cal L}^{++}}$ by Refinement and Reinforcement. In: Anthony P, Ishizuka M, Lukose D, editors. PRICAI 2012: Trends in Artificial Intelligence: 12th Pacific Rim International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Kuching, Malaysia, September 3-7, 2012 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 15–26. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

## Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexologies.

Blog post
Carpineti C. The Extent Of Winter Ice At The Poles In 2017 Is Deeply Disturbing [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/the-extent-of-winter-ice-at-the-poles-in-2017-is-deeply-disturbing/

## Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security Administration: High-Level Attention Needed to Strengthen Acquisition Function. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 May. Report No.: GAO-04-544.

## Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dorsey V. Impact of a family council intervention on owner knowledge and stewardship within a family business [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2015.

## News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bernstein J, Chang B-S, Billard M, Williams A, La Ferla R, Holson LM, et al. When The Power Came Back, So Did the Crowds. New York Times. 2012 Nov 8;E1.

## In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Motani 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Mondal and Parvin 2001; Motani 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

• Two authors: (Mondal and Parvin 2001)
• Three or more authors: (Silevitch et al. 2007)