How to format your references using the Sexologies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexologies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sandman PM. Pandemics: good hygiene is not enough. Nature. 2009 May 21;459(7245):322–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kitagawa N, Ichihara S. Hearing visual motion in depth. Nature. 2002 Mar 14;416(6877):172–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Velikov V, Borick S, Angell CA. The glass transition of water, based on hyperquenching experiments. Science. 2001 Dec 14;294(5550):2335–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Vlahou EL, Thurm F, Kolassa I-T, Schlee W. Resting-state slow wave power, healthy aging and cognitive performance. Sci Rep. 2014 May 29;4:5101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alvarez PJJ, Illman WA. Bioremediation and Natural Attenuation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Spector JM, Merrill MD, Elen J, Bishop MJ, editors. Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology. 4th ed. 2014. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Qian X, Huang H, Duan Z, Zhang J, Yuan N, Zhou Y, et al. Optimized Register Renaming Scheme for Stack-Based x86 Operations. In: Lukowicz P, Thiele L, Tröster G, editors. Architecture of Computing Systems - ARCS 2007: 20th International Conference, Zurich, Switzerland, March 12-15, 2007 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 43–56. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexologies.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Betelgeuse May Be Spinning Faster Than Expected Because It Ate A Sun-Like Star. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Aero-Space Plane: Restructuring Future Research and Development Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Dec. Report No.: NSIAD-93-71.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robertson B. Forging a New World Nationalism: Ancient Mexico in United States art and visual culture, 1933–1945 [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon MR, Simons M. War Crimes Office May Be Shuttered As Tillerson Reorganizes State Dept. New York Times. 2017 Jul 19;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sandman 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Kitagawa and Ichihara 2002; Sandman 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kitagawa and Ichihara 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Vlahou et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSexologies
ISSN (print)1158-1360
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Psychology (miscellaneous)

Other styles