How to format your references using the Sexologies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexologies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sohn E. Israel: Research without prejudice. Nature. 2015 Sep 24;525(7570):S12-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hemingway J, Craig A. Parasitology. New ways to control malaria. Science. 2004 Mar 26;303(5666):1984–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang YG, Pagani M, Liu Z. Response to Comment on “A 12-million-year temperature history of the tropical Pacific Ocean.” Science. 2014 Dec 19;346(6216):1467.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pangala SR, Enrich-Prast A, Basso LS, Peixoto RB, Bastviken D, Hornibrook ERC, et al. Erratum: Large emissions from floodplain trees close the Amazon methane budget. Nature. 2018 Jan 18;553(7688):366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mansour M, Wilhite R, Rowe J. Guide to Ruminant Anatomy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Max MD. Economic Geology of Natural Gas Hydrate. Johnson AH, Dillon WP, editors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. (Coastal Systems and Continental Margins; vol. 9).
A chapter in an edited book
Engquist B. Multi-scale Modeling. In: Benedicks M, Jones PW, Smirnov S, Winckler B, editors. Perspectives in Analysis: Essays in Honor of Lennart Carleson’s 75th Birthday. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. p. 51–61. (Mathematical Physics Studies).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexologies.

Blog post
Andrew E. Astronomers Determine Saturn’s Location With Astounding Accuracy [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Trainer Aircraft: Plans to Replace the Existing Fleet. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Mar. Report No.: NSIAD-89-94.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Galan M. Educational practices to support homeless students [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus S. About That Night. New York Times. 2014 Dec 11;MM21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sohn 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hemingway and Craig 2004; Sohn 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hemingway and Craig 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Pangala et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleSexologies
ISSN (print)1158-1360
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Psychology (miscellaneous)

Other styles