How to format your references using the International Journal of Inclusive Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Inclusive Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, Colin. 2010. “World View: Disaster, Unmitigated.” Nature 465 (7296): 287.
A journal article with 2 authors
Witt, Christopher C., and Robb T. Brumfield. 2004. “Comment on ‘Molecular Phylogenies Link Rates of Evolution and Speciation’ (I).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 303 (5655): 173; author reply 173.
A journal article with 3 authors
Locher, Kaspar P., Randal B. Bass, and Douglas C. Rees. 2003. “Structural Biology. Breaching the Barrier.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301 (5633): 603–604.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Patel, Saurabh D., Michael W. Rajala, Luciano Rossetti, Philipp E. Scherer, and Lawrence Shapiro. 2004. “Disulfide-Dependent Multimeric Assembly of Resistin Family Hormones.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5674): 1154–1158.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Makishima, Akio. 2016. Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry (TIMS). Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Brucker, Peter. 2012. Complex Scheduling. Edited by Sigrid Knust. GOR-Publications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Denk, Robert, and Mario Kaip. 2013. “Triebel-Lizorkin Spaces and the L p -L q -Setting.” In General Parabolic Mixed Order Systems in Lp and Applications, edited by Mario Kaip, 143–185. Operator Theory: Advances and Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Inclusive Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2013. “Traces of Atmospheric Water Found on Five Exoplanets.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1970. St. Louis Postal Data Center’s Administration of Accounts Payable. 092751. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fischer, Brian C. 2017. “Toward Understanding Resonant Volcanic Seismic Signals: Modelling Bubbly Flow in Magma.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, Michael R., and Helene Cooper. 2017. “Islamic State Leader Is Still at Large, Defense Secretary Says.” New York Times, July 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain 2010; Witt and Brumfield 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Witt and Brumfield 2004)
  • Three authors: (Locher, Bass, and Rees 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Patel et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Inclusive Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Incl. Educ.
ISSN (print)1360-3116
ISSN (online)1464-5173
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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