How to format your references using the International Journal of Inclusive Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Inclusive Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perry, Mike L. 2015. “BATTERIES. Expanding the Chemical Space for Redox Flow Batteries.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 349 (6255): 1452.
A journal article with 2 authors
Medina-Elizalde, Martín, and David W. Lea. 2005. “The Mid-Pleistocene Transition in the Tropical Pacific.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 310 (5750): 1009–1012.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tanimura, H., J. Kanasaki, and K. Tanimura. 2014. “State-Resolved Ultrafast Dynamics of Impact Ionization in InSb.” Scientific Reports 4 (October): 6849.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Garcia-Barros, Monica, Francois Paris, Carlos Cordon-Cardo, David Lyden, Shahin Rafii, Adriana Haimovitz-Friedman, Zvi Fuks, and Richard Kolesnick. 2003. “Tumor Response to Radiotherapy Regulated by Endothelial Cell Apoptosis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5622): 1155–1159.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee, Yoon S. 2011. Self-Assembly and Nanotechnology Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fine, I. Howard, and Daniel S. Mojon, eds. 2010. Minimally Invasive Ophthalmic Surgery. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ramírez, Carlos, Héctor García, Livier Serna, and Noel León. 2011. “CAI for Minimizing Movement of Solar Tracking Concentrators.” In Building Innovation Pipelines through Computer-Aided Innovation: 4th IFIP WG 5.4 Working Conference, CAI 2011, Strasbourg, France, June 30 – July 1, 2011. Proceedings, edited by Denis Cavallucci, Roland de Guio, and Gaetano Cascini, 43–56. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Inclusive Education.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “Immense Size Of Hurricane Matthew Captured In Footage From The International Space Station.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Telecommunications: Update on State-Level Cramming Complaints and Enforcement Actions. RCED-00-68. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wirtz, Yannick. 2017. “Strain Variation between the Monterey and Sisquoc Formations, Southern Santa Maria Basin, California, USA: Implications for Structural Assessment of Fold and Thrust Belts.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, George Gene. 2017. “Friendly Neighborhood Web-Slinger Exhibition.” New York Times, June 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Perry 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Perry 2015; Medina-Elizalde and Lea 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Medina-Elizalde and Lea 2005)
  • Three authors: (Tanimura, Kanasaki, and Tanimura 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Garcia-Barros et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Inclusive Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Incl. Educ.
ISSN (print)1360-3116
ISSN (online)1464-5173
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Other styles