How to format your references using the International Journal of Inclusive Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Inclusive Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Versteeg, Rogier. 2014. “Cancer: Tumours Outside the Mutation Box.” Nature 506 (7489): 438–439.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clark, James S., and Jason S. McLachlan. 2003. “Stability of Forest Biodiversity.” Nature 423 (6940): 635–638.
A journal article with 3 authors
Percec, Virgil, Goran Ungar, and Mihai Peterca. 2006. “Chemistry. Self-Assembly in Action.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313 (5783): 55–56.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Moore, Darcie L., Murray G. Blackmore, Ying Hu, Klaus H. Kaestner, John L. Bixby, Vance P. Lemmon, and Jeffrey L. Goldberg. 2009. “KLF Family Members Regulate Intrinsic Axon Regeneration Ability.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5950): 298–301.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berthou, Pascal, Cédric Baudoin, Thierry Gayraud, and Matthieu Gineste. 2015. Satellite and Terrestrial Hybrid Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chen, Huajun, Heng Ji, Le Sun, Haixun Wang, Tieyun Qian, and Tong Ruan, eds. 2016. Knowledge Graph and Semantic Computing: Semantic, Knowledge, and Linked Big Data: First China Conference, CCKS 2016, Beijing, China, September 19-22, 2016, Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 650. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sheard, Tim. 2007. “Generic Programming in Ωmega.” In Datatype-Generic Programming: International Spring School, SSDGP 2006, Nottingham, UK, April 24–27, 2006, Revised Lectures, edited by Roland Backhouse, Jeremy Gibbons, Ralf Hinze, and Johan Jeuring, 258–284. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Inclusive Education.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2015. “This Font Could Make It Easier To Learn Japanese.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Globe Safety Product’s Inquiry Regarding Firefighters Breathing Apparatus Developed for NASA by Scott Aviation Company. PSAD-77-68. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shellhouse, Kody. 2017. “The Cretaceous-Paleogene Boundary Deposit in LaSalle Parish, Louisiana.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams. 2017. “Just 40% of Losses May Be Covered, and Taxpayers Will Bear Most.” New York Times, August 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Versteeg 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Versteeg 2014; Clark and McLachlan 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clark and McLachlan 2003)
  • Three authors: (Percec, Ungar, and Peterca 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Moore et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Inclusive Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Incl. Educ.
ISSN (print)1360-3116
ISSN (online)1464-5173
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Other styles