How to format your references using the International Journal of Inclusive Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Inclusive Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Duncan, Melinda K. 2011. “Development. A New Focus on RNA in the Lens.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 331 (6024): 1523–1524.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schachman, Howard K., and Marvin Cassman. 2009. “Retrospective. Ruth L. Kirschstein (1926-2009).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5955): 947.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou, Jiawei, Benjamin Thompson, and Robert F. Hess. 2013. “A New Form of Rapid Binocular Plasticity in Adult with Amblyopia.” Scientific Reports 3: 2638.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ogawa, Naoki, Kentaro Hoshisashi, Hiroshi Sekiguchi, Kouhei Ichiyanagi, Yufuku Matsushita, Yasuhisa Hirohata, Seiichi Suzuki, Akira Ishikawa, and Yuji C. Sasaki. 2013. “Tracking 3D Picometer-Scale Motions of Single Nanoparticles with High-Energy Electron Probes.” Scientific Reports 3: 2201.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
da Silva, Luís Simões, Rui Simões, Helena Gervásio, and Graham Couchman. 2015. Design of Steel Structures. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Suthers, Daniel D., Kristine Lund, Carolyn Penstein Rosé, Chris Teplovs, and Nancy Law, eds. 2013. Productive Multivocality in the Analysis of Group Interactions. Vol. 15. Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning Series. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Rehm, Georg, and Hans Uszkoreit. 2012. “O META-NET-e.” In The Slovak Language in the Digital Age, edited by Georg Rehm and Hans Uszkoreit, 37–37. White Paper Series. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Inclusive Education.

Blog post
Evans, Katy. 2016. “13 Foods That Aren’t What You Think They Are.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Airport and Airway Trust Fund: Less Than Half of Noncommercial Jet Fuel Tax Receipts Are Transferred. GAO-16-746R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fetterolf-Klein, Shelley. 2015. “Teacher Leadership Practices, Supports and Challenges in Implementation of the Common Core High School Math Standards.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, Samantha. 2016. “Family Grieves After Student Is Killed in College Town Thought to Be Safe.” New York Times, August 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Duncan 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Duncan 2011; Schachman and Cassman 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schachman and Cassman 2009)
  • Three authors: (Zhou, Thompson, and Hess 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ogawa et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Inclusive Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Incl. Educ.
ISSN (print)1360-3116
ISSN (online)1464-5173
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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