How to format your references using the International Journal of Inclusive Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Inclusive Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laursen, Lucas. 2015. “Botany: The Cultivation of Weed.” Nature 525 (7570): S4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dye, Christopher, and Brian G. Williams. 2010. “The Population Dynamics and Control of Tuberculosis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5980): 856–861.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye, Keqiong, Lucy Malinina, and Dinshaw J. Patel. 2003. “Recognition of Small Interfering RNA by a Viral Suppressor of RNA Silencing.” Nature 426 (6968): 874–878.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Girst, S., V. Hable, G. A. Drexler, C. Greubel, C. Siebenwirth, M. Haum, A. A. Friedl, and G. Dollinger. 2013. “Subdiffusion Supports Joining of Correct Ends during Repair of DNA Double-Strand Breaks.” Scientific Reports 3: 2511.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones, Donald W. 2014. Economic Theory and the Ancient Mediterranean. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Margesin, Rosa. 2005. Monitoring and Assessing Soil Bioremediation. Edited by Franz Schinner. Vol. 5. Soil Biology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Delgado, Gabriela, Rosario Morales, Jose Luis Mendez, and Alejandro Cravioto. 2011. “The Re-Emergence of Cholera in the Americas.” In Epidemiological and Molecular Aspects on Cholera, edited by T. Ramamurthy and S. K. Bhattacharya, 79–95. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Inclusive Education.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “Shy Bird Disguises Itself As Aggressive Woodpecker To Avoid Bullying.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Serving the Congress and the Nation: Information Technology Information. GAO-01-413SP. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Edwards, George. 2010. “Effects of At-Home Reading Activities and Parental Involvement on Classroom Communication Arts Assessments: Focus on the High School Level.” Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, James C., Jr., and Hannah Alani. 2017. “Man Who Pushed Passenger Who Died on Subway Tracks Is Acquitted.” New York Times, July 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Laursen 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Laursen 2015; Laursen 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dye and Williams 2010)
  • Three authors: (Ye, Malinina, and Patel 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Girst et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Inclusive Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Incl. Educ.
ISSN (print)1360-3116
ISSN (online)1464-5173
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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