How to format your references using the International Journal of Inclusive Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Inclusive Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, Colin. 2012. “What Matters for Science Is Who Runs the Country.” Nature 488 (7413): 559.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grant, Peter R., and B. Rosemary Grant. 2006. “Evolution of Character Displacement in Darwin’s Finches.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313 (5784): 224–226.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marshall, Curtis H., Roger A. Pielke Sr, and Louis T. Steyaert. 2003. “Wetlands: Crop Freezes and Land-Use Change in Florida.” Nature 426 (6962): 29–30.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tahiliani, Mamta, Pinchao Mei, Rui Fang, Thiago Leonor, Michael Rutenberg, Fumiko Shimizu, Jing Li, Anjana Rao, and Yujiang Shi. 2007. “The Histone H3K4 Demethylase SMCX Links REST Target Genes to X-Linked Mental Retardation.” Nature 447 (7144): 601–605.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dacey, John S., Martha D. Mack, and Lisa B. Fiore. 2016. Your Anxious Child. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Lai, Chin-Diew. 2006. Stochastic Ageing and Dependence for Reliability. Edited by Min Xie. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Leal, Miguel A., and Craig T. January. 2013. “Cardiovascular Effects of Methadone.” In Handbook of Methadone Prescribing and Buprenorphine Therapy, edited by Ricardo A. Cruciani and Helena Knotkova, 51–58. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Inclusive Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Seeing The Universe Through Spectroscopic Eyes.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1973. Protest Against Rejection of Bid. B-178720. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maas, Christine C. 2014. “Emergency Department Utilization Patterns in Patients with Diabetes.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Currie, Antony, and George Hay. 2010. “Protracted Wait for G.M. Payback.” New York Times, November 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain 2012; Grant and Grant 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grant and Grant 2006)
  • Three authors: (Marshall, Pielke, and Steyaert 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Tahiliani et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Inclusive Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Incl. Educ.
ISSN (print)1360-3116
ISSN (online)1464-5173
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Other styles