How to format your references using the International Journal of Inclusive Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Inclusive Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Showman, Adam P. 2014. “Astrophysics: Portrait of a Dynamic Neighbour.” Nature 505 (7485): 625–626.
A journal article with 2 authors
Seddon, N., and T. Bearpark. 2003. “Observation of the Inverse Doppler Effect.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5650): 1537–1540.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kuhn, G., M. Hijri, and I. R. Sanders. 2001. “Evidence for the Evolution of Multiple Genomes in Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi.” Nature 414 (6865): 745–748.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Dodson, John, Eoin Dodson, Richard Banati, Xiaoqiang Li, Pia Atahan, Songmei Hu, Ryan J. Middleton, Xinying Zhou, and Sun Nan. 2014. “Oldest Directly Dated Remains of Sheep in China.” Scientific Reports 4 (November): 7170.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tjong, Sie Chin. 2012. Polymer Composites with Carbonaceous Nanofillers. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Lodi, Andrea, Alessandro Panconesi, and Giovanni Rinaldi, eds. 2008. Integer Programming and Combinatorial Optimization: 13th International Conference, IPCO 2008 Bertinoro, Italy, May 26-28, 2008 Proceedings. Vol. 5035. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jung, Joonyoung, and Daeyoung Kim. 2010. “Wireless Network of Collaborative Physiological Signal Devices in a U-Healthcare System.” In Advanced Computer Science and Information Technology: Second International Conference, AST 2010, Miyazaki, Japan, June 23-25, 2010. Proceedings, edited by G. S. Tomar, Ruay-Shiung Chang, Osvaldo Gervasi, Tai-Hoon Kim, and Samir Kumar Bandyopadhyay, 39–55. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Inclusive Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2017. “Astronomers To Peer Into A Black Hole For First Time With New Event Horizon Telescope.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1985. Implementation of P.L. 94-142 as It Relates to Handicapped Delinquents in the District of Columbia. 127876. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murray, Bethany A. 2015. “Sociocultural Factors in Women’s Health in Swaziland.” Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. 2006. “Amid Concerns, Counties Move to Limit Taxes.” New York Times, September 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Showman 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Showman 2014; Seddon and Bearpark 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Seddon and Bearpark 2003)
  • Three authors: (Kuhn, Hijri, and Sanders 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Dodson et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Inclusive Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Incl. Educ.
ISSN (print)1360-3116
ISSN (online)1464-5173
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Other styles