How to format your references using the International Journal of Inclusive Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Inclusive Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adam, David. 2002. “Royal Institution’s Director Blasts Scientific Sexism.” Nature 420 (6915): 453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Benartzi, Shlomo, and Richard H. Thaler. 2013. “Economics. Behavioral Economics and the Retirement Savings Crisis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 339 (6124): 1152–1153.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arora, Pankaj Kumar, Alok Srivastava, and Vijay Pal Singh. 2014. “Degradation of 4-Chloro-3-Nitrophenol via a Novel Intermediate, 4-Chlororesorcinol by Pseudomonas Sp. JHN.” Scientific Reports 4 (March): 4475.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kafsack, Björn F. C., Janethe D. O. Pena, Isabelle Coppens, Sandeep Ravindran, John C. Boothroyd, and Vern B. Carruthers. 2009. “Rapid Membrane Disruption by a Perforin-like Protein Facilitates Parasite Exit from Host Cells.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323 (5913): 530–533.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Rewini, Hesham, and Mostafa Abd-El-Barr. 2004. Advanced Computer Architecture and Parallel Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chella, Antonio, Roberto Pirrone, Rosario Sorbello, and Kamilla Rún Jóhannsdóttir, eds. 2013. Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures 2012: Proceedings of the Third Annual Meeting of the BICA Society. Vol. 196. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kato, Tosio. 2011. “Linear and Quasi-Linear Equations of Evolution of Hyperbolic Type.” In Hyperbolicity: Lectures given at the Centro Internazionale Matematico Estivo (C.I.M.E.), Held in Cortona (Arezzo), Italy, June 24 – July 2, 1976, edited by Giuseppe Da Prato and Giuseppe Geymonat, 125–191. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Inclusive Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “New Insight Into Astrocytic Signalling Within The Brain.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. NIH Biomedical Research Support Grant Program. HRD-81-42. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, Madalina Yuk-Ling. 2009. “The Intellectual Origins of Lin Yutang’s Cultural Internationalism, 1928–1938.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Youssef, Nour. 2017. “2 Paths for Yemen’s War-Scarred Children: Combat or Marriage.” New York Times, October 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adam 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Adam 2002; Benartzi and Thaler 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Benartzi and Thaler 2013)
  • Three authors: (Arora, Srivastava, and Singh 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kafsack et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Inclusive Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Incl. Educ.
ISSN (print)1360-3116
ISSN (online)1464-5173
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Other styles