How to format your references using the International Journal of Inclusive Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Inclusive Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burchard, Esteban G. 2014. “Medical Research: Missing Patients.” Nature 513 (7518): 301–302.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cuthbertson, James D., and David W. C. MacMillan. 2015. “The Direct Arylation of Allylic Sp(3) C-H Bonds via Organic and Photoredox Catalysis.” Nature 519 (7541): 74–77.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jones, M. H., D. Bewsher, and D. S. Brown. 2013. “Imaging of a Circumsolar Dust Ring near the Orbit of Venus.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 342 (6161): 960–963.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nonoguchi, Yoshiyuki, Kenji Ohashi, Rui Kanazawa, Koji Ashiba, Kenji Hata, Tetsuya Nakagawa, Chihaya Adachi, Tomoaki Tanase, and Tsuyoshi Kawai. 2013. “Systematic Conversion of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes into N-Type Thermoelectric Materials by Molecular Dopants.” Scientific Reports 3 (November): 3344.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maji, Pradipta, and Sankar K. Pal. 2012. Rough-Fuzzy Pattern Recognition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Du, Ruxu. 2013. The Mechanics of Mechanical Watches and Clocks. Edited by Longhan Xie. Vol. 21. History of Mechanism and Machine Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Barbin, Évelyne, and René Guitart. 2013. “Mathematical Physics in the Style of Gabriel Lamé and the Treatise of Emile Mathieu.” In The Dialectic Relation Between Physics and Mathematics in the XIXth Century, edited by Evelyne Barbin and Raffaele Pisano, 97–119. History of Mechanism and Machine Science. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Inclusive Education.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2015. “Search For Extraterrestrial Intelligence Institute Release First Observations From ‘Alien Megastructure’ Star.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. NOAA Fleet: Responses to Post-Hearing Questions. GGD-99-60R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Demenkoff, John Haynes. 2014. “Evolution and Emergence of the Masculinities: Epiphanies and Epiphenomena of the Male Athlete and Dancer.” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, Kelly. 2007. “Falafel, Panini Style.” New York Times, July 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burchard 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Burchard 2014; Cuthbertson and MacMillan 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cuthbertson and MacMillan 2015)
  • Three authors: (Jones, Bewsher, and Brown 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Nonoguchi et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Inclusive Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Incl. Educ.
ISSN (print)1360-3116
ISSN (online)1464-5173
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Other styles