How to format your references using the International Journal of Inclusive Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Inclusive Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sohn, Emily. 2015. “Screening: Diagnostic Dilemma.” Nature 528 (7582): S120-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hannisdal, Bjarte, and Shanan E. Peters. 2011. “Phanerozoic Earth System Evolution and Marine Biodiversity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 334 (6059): 1121–1124.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chaudhuri, Ovijit, Sapun H. Parekh, and Daniel A. Fletcher. 2007. “Reversible Stress Softening of Actin Networks.” Nature 445 (7125): 295–298.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nelson, Charles A., 3rd, Charles H. Zeanah, Nathan A. Fox, Peter J. Marshall, Anna T. Smyke, and Donald Guthrie. 2007. “Cognitive Recovery in Socially Deprived Young Children: The Bucharest Early Intervention Project.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 318 (5858): 1937–1940.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lalanne, Christian. 2014. Random Vibration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Dienstfrey, Andrew M., and Ronald F. Boisvert, eds. 2012. Uncertainty Quantification in Scientific Computing: 10th IFIP WG 2.5 Working Conference, WoCoUQ 2011, Boulder, CO, USA, August 1-4, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 377. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Menken, Kate. 2009. “Policy Failures: No Child Left Behind and English Language Learners.” In Critical Pedagogy and Teacher Education in the Neoliberal Era: Small Openings, edited by Susan L. Groenke and J. Amos Hatch, 49–62. Explorations of Educational Purpose. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Inclusive Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Discovery Of Microbe-Rich Groundwater In Antarctica Could Guide Our Search For Life In Space.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Comments on the Solar Power Satellite Research, Development, and Demonstration Program Act of 1978. EMD-78-61. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De Anda, Bianca. 2012. “Factors That Contribute to the Stigma of Mental Illness.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. 2006. “Suozzi Offers Plan to Shore Up Aviation Museum.” New York Times, October 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sohn 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Sohn 2015; Hannisdal and Peters 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hannisdal and Peters 2011)
  • Three authors: (Chaudhuri, Parekh, and Fletcher 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Nelson et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Inclusive Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Incl. Educ.
ISSN (print)1360-3116
ISSN (online)1464-5173
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Other styles