How to format your references using the Set-Valued and Variational Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Set-Valued and Variational Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willoughby, H.E.: Atmosphere. Forecasting hurricane intensity and impacts. Science. 315, 1232–1233 (2007)
A journal article with 2 authors
Harrisingh, M.C., Nitabach, M.N.: Circadian rhythms. Integrating circadian timekeeping with cellular physiology. Science. 320, 879–880 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Panáková, D., Werdich, A.A., Macrae, C.A.: Wnt11 patterns a myocardial electrical gradient through regulation of the L-type Ca(2+) channel. Nature. 466, 874–878 (2010)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ogawa, N., Hoshisashi, K., Sekiguchi, H., Ichiyanagi, K., Matsushita, Y., Hirohata, Y., Suzuki, S., Ishikawa, A., Sasaki, Y.C.: Tracking 3D picometer-scale motions of single nanoparticles with high-energy electron probes. Sci. Rep. 3, 2201 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smirnov, B.M.: Cluster Processes in Gases and Plasmas. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2010)
An edited book
Hall, K.C., Kielb, R.E., Thomas, J.P. eds: UNSTEADY AERODYNAMICS, AEROACOUSTICS AND AEROELASTICITY OF TURBOMACHINES. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Bai, H., Wang, A., Zhao, Y., Pan, J.-S., Abraham, A.: Algorithms of MD. In: Wang, A., Zhao, Y., Pan, J.-S., and Abraham, A. (eds.) Distributed Multiple Description Coding: Principles, Algorithms and Systems. pp. 51–114. Springer, London (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Set-Valued and Variational Analysis.

Blog post
Hale, T.: Oil Starts To Flow In Untouched Corner Of Ecuador’s Biodiversity Haven,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Review of the Emergency School Assistance Program Community Grants Awarded to the Nashville Urban League by the Office of Education, HEW. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1972)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buquiran, E.S.: Factors affecting members’ retention in Toastmasters International, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.: Bush Appeals to Justices on Detainees Case, (2008)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSet-Valued and Variational Analysis
AbbreviationSet-Valued Var. Anal.
ISSN (print)1877-0533
ISSN (online)1877-0541
Applied Mathematics
Geometry and Topology
Numerical Analysis
Statistics and Probability

Other styles