How to format your references using the Set-Valued and Variational Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Set-Valued and Variational Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Handyside, A.: Let parents decide. Nature. 464, 978–979 (2010)
A journal article with 2 authors
Mann, C.C., Plummer, M.L.: ECOLOGY: The Other H’s. Science. 289, 718 (2000)
A journal article with 3 authors
Tsushima, Y., Sasaki, Y., Watanabe, T.: Greater disruption due to failure of inhibitory control on an ambiguous distractor. Science. 314, 1786–1788 (2006)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kiendler-Scharr, A., Wildt, J., Dal Maso, M., Hohaus, T., Kleist, E., Mentel, T.F., Tillmann, R., Uerlings, R., Schurr, U., Wahner, A.: New particle formation in forests inhibited by isoprene emissions. Nature. 461, 381–384 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Happer, W., Jau, Y.-Y., Walker, T.: Optically Pumped Atoms. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2010)
An edited book
Cohen, E., Moussian, B. eds: Extracellular Composite Matrices in Arthropods. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Domínguez-Rodrigo, M., Barba, R.: New estimates of tooth-mark and percussion-mark frequencies at the FLK Zinjanthropus level: the carn. In: Egido, R.B. and Egeland, C.P. (eds.) Deconstructing Olduvai: A Taphonomic Study of the Bed I Sites. pp. 39–74. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2007)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Set-Valued and Variational Analysis.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: “Locked And Loaded” Bangladesh Earthquake Threatens 140 Million People


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Qualifying for Federal Funding of Tribally Controlled Community Colleges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1981)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sun, Z.: A qualitative study of Chinese parents’ beliefs, involvement and challenges in support of their children’s English language development in China, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chozick, A.: Jimmy Wales Is Not an Internet Billionare, (2013)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSet-Valued and Variational Analysis
AbbreviationSet-Valued Var. Anal.
ISSN (print)1877-0533
ISSN (online)1877-0541
Applied Mathematics
Geometry and Topology
Numerical Analysis
Statistics and Probability

Other styles