How to format your references using the Set-Valued and Variational Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Set-Valued and Variational Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Littlewood, P.: Physics. Condensates made of light. Science. 316, 989–990 (2007)
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, W.P., Brudzinski, M.R.: Evidence for a large-scale remnant of subducted lithosphere beneath Fiji. Science. 292, 2475–2479 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Scaillet, B., Pichavant, M., Cioni, R.: Upward migration of Vesuvius magma chamber over the past 20,000 years. Nature. 455, 216–219 (2008)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sun, Y., Wang, J., Zhao, W., Tian, M., Singh, M., Chan, M.H.W.: Voltage-current properties of superconducting amorphous tungsten nanostrips. Sci. Rep. 3, 2307 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holmes, J.D.: Great Myths of Education and Learning. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ (2016)
An edited book
Fet, V., Popov, A. eds: Biogeography and Ecology of Bulgaria. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, Y.-H., Zhang, F.: Research on New Algorithm of Topic-Oriented Crawler and Duplicated Web Pages Detection. In: Huang, D.-S., Ma, J., Jo, K.-H., and Gromiha, M.M. (eds.) Intelligent Computing Theories and Applications: 8th International Conference, ICIC 2012, Huangshan, China, July 25-29, 2012. Proceedings. pp. 35–42. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Set-Valued and Variational Analysis.

Blog post
Carpineti, C.: New Study Reveals Zika Virus Was Circulating The Americas Before 2015’s Outbreak,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Telephone Communications: Bell Operating Company Entry Into New Lines of Business. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1986)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alvandipour, M.: Thermographic Image Analysis with Gabor Filters, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O.: Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times, (2015)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSet-Valued and Variational Analysis
AbbreviationSet-Valued Var. Anal.
ISSN (print)1877-0533
ISSN (online)1877-0541
Applied Mathematics
Geometry and Topology
Numerical Analysis
Statistics and Probability

Other styles