How to format your references using the Journal of Investigative Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Investigative Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubin DC. Psychology. How quickly we forget. Science. 2014;346(6213):1058–9
A journal article with 2 authors
Alcorn JF, Kolls JK. Physiology. Killer fat. Science. 2015;347(6217):26–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Rudolph ML, Lekić V, Lithgow-Bertelloni C. Viscosity jump in Earth’s mid-mantle. Science. 2015;350(6266):1349–52
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sun C, Bufford D, Chen Y, Kirk MA, Wang YQ, Li M, et al. In situ study of defect migration kinetics in nanoporous Ag with enhanced radiation tolerance. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:3737

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Caferro W. Contesting the Renaissance. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Ibarra OH, Ravikumar B, editors. Implementation and Applications of Automata: 13th International Conference, CIAA 2008, San Francisco, California, USA, July 21-24, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Hemachandra LPMP, Chandrasekaran A, Melendez JA, Hempel N. Regulation of the Cellular Redox Environment by Superoxide Dismutases, Catalase, and Glutathione Peroxidases During Tumor Metastasis. In: Batinić-Haberle I, Rebouças JS, Spasojević I, editors. Redox-Active Therapeutics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 51–79

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Investigative Dermatology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Meet The Woman With Two Vaginas [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Problems and Needed Improvements in Evaluating Office of Education Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Sep Report No.: HRD-76-165.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koons LM. An outreach program for homeless individuals: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. An Everyman in Crisis. New York Times. 2017;C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rubin 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Alcorn and Kolls 2015; Rubin 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alcorn and Kolls 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Investigative Dermatology
AbbreviationJ. Invest. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)0022-202X
ISSN (online)1523-1747
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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