How to format your references using the Journal of Investigative Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Investigative Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marrucci L. Physics. Spinning the Doppler effect. Science. 2013;341(6145):464–5
A journal article with 2 authors
Pizzari T, Birkhead TR. Female feral fowl eject sperm of subdominant males. Nature. 2000;405(6788):787–9
A journal article with 3 authors
Tran J, Brenner TJ, DiNardo S. Somatic control over the germline stem cell lineage during Drosophila spermatogenesis. Nature. 2000;407(6805):754–7
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yanagi I, Akahori R, Hatano T, Takeda K-I. Fabricating nanopores with diameters of sub-1 nm to 3 nm using multilevel pulse-voltage injection. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:5000

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gardner S, Birley S. Blogging for Dummies®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Gaag LC van der, editor. Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty: 12th European Conference, ECSQARU 2013, Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 8-10, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Levering M. God and Natural Law: Reflections on Genesis 22. In: Contreras FJ, editor. The Threads of Natural Law: Unravelling a Philosophical Tradition. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 65–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Investigative Dermatology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Study On Near-Death Experiences Sheds Light On Consciousness After Death [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/study-on-near-death-experiences-sheds-light-on-consciousness-after-death/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Project on Standardization of Basic Financial Information Requirements of Central Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Oct Report No.: 156239.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Powers DL. Teachers’ perceptions of the effects of No Child Left Behind on classroom instruction: A cross case analysis applying Dewey’s theory of instructional methods [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff J. Start-Up Imagines Driverless Vehicles That Can Tell You Where They’re Going. New York Times. 2016;B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marrucci 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Marrucci 2013; Pizzari and Birkhead 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pizzari and Birkhead 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Yanagi et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Investigative Dermatology
AbbreviationJ. Invest. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)0022-202X
ISSN (online)1523-1747
ScopeBiochemistry
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology
Dermatology

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