How to format your references using the Journal of Investigative Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Investigative Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Xu Z. Mechanics of metal-catecholate complexes: the roles of coordination state and metal types. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:2914
A journal article with 2 authors
Jørgensen BB, D’Hondt S. Ecology. A starving majority deep beneath the seafloor. Science. 2006;314(5801):932–4
A journal article with 3 authors
Shevenell AE, Kennett JP, Lea DW. Middle Miocene Southern Ocean cooling and Antarctic cryosphere expansion. Science. 2004;305(5691):1766–70
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wedlich-Soldner R, Altschuler S, Wu L, Li R. Spontaneous cell polarization through actomyosin-based delivery of the Cdc42 GTPase. Science. 2003;299(5610):1231–5

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sattler K. Thermische Trennverfahren. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
Einsiedler M. Ergodic Theory: with a view towards Number Theory. Ward T, editor. London: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Kappler M, Sachs A, Seymen A. Shock Propagation Mechanisms and Business Cycle Convergence. In: Kappler M, Sachs A, editors. Business Cycle Synchronisation and Economic Integration: New Evidence from the EU. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD; 2013. p. 147–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Investigative Dermatology.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Amazing Ads That Promote Science [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: Alternative Financing Mechanisms for Surface Transportation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Sep Report No.: GAO-02-1126T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Large KG. A study of Statewide Transfer and Articulation Reporting System (STARS) approved courses completed at an Alabama community college [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Two Familiar Faces Rejoin Mets’ Bullpen. New York Times. 2017;D5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Xu 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Jørgensen and D’Hondt 2006; Xu 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jørgensen and D’Hondt 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Wedlich-Soldner et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Investigative Dermatology
AbbreviationJ. Invest. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)0022-202X
ISSN (online)1523-1747
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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