How to format your references using the Journal of Investigative Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Investigative Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stocking MA. Tropical soils and food security: the next 50 years. Science. 2003;302(5649):1356–9
A journal article with 2 authors
Von Hippel D, Hayes P. International security. Energy security for North Korea. Science. 2007;316(5829):1288–9
A journal article with 3 authors
Lavrov AN, Komiya S, Ando Y. Magnetic shape-memory effects in a crystal. Nature. 2002;418(6896):385–6
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fan Z, Wang J, Sullivan MB, Huan A, Singh DJ, Ong KP. Structural instability of epitaxial (001) BiFeO₃ thin films under tensile strain. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:4631

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zarbock G, Lynch S, Ammann A, Ringer S. Mindfulness for Therapists. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Davies WD, Dubinsky S, editors. New Horizons in the Analysis of Control and Raising. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang X, Zhang X, Zhang C. Study on the Application of RFID Technology in the Management System of Paper Machine’s Disassembly and Assembly. In: Zhang J, editor. Applied Informatics and Communication: International Conference, ICAIC 2011, Xi’an, China, August 20-21, 2011, Proceedings, Part V. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 38–45

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Investigative Dermatology.

Blog post
Andrew D. A Geologist Has Found Part Of A Lost Ocean That Existed Long Before The Atlantic [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Survey of the Harrison County Head Start Program, Gulfport, Mississippi. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Mar Report No.: HRD-78-82.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ports MO. Laterally associated proteins modulate α6 integrin cleavage, a permissive process utilized during cancer metastasis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G. The Enduring Afterglow. New York Times. 2011;WK1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stocking 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Stocking 2003; Von Hippel and Hayes 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Von Hippel and Hayes 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Fan et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Investigative Dermatology
AbbreviationJ. Invest. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)0022-202X
ISSN (online)1523-1747
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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