How to format your references using the Lung Cancer Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lung Cancer Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Treviño M. Stimulus similarity determines the prevalence of behavioral laterality in a visual discrimination task for mice. Sci. Rep. 4, 7569 (2014).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Cooper VS, Lenski RE. The population genetics of ecological specialization in evolving Escherichia coli populations. Nature. 407(6805), 736–739 (2000).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Alley RB, Fahnestock M, Joughin I. Climate change. Understanding glacier flow in changing times. Science. 322(5904), 1061–1062 (2008).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Williams RSB, Cheng L, Mudge AW, Harwood AJ. A common mechanism of action for three mood-stabilizing drugs. Nature. 417(6886), 292–295 (2002).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Nógrádi M. Stereoselective Synthesis. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
1.
Gisi U, Chet I, Gullino ML, editors. Recent Developments in Management of Plant Diseases. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Dasgupta A. Controversy Over the Availability of Frege’s Sense in Indian Philosophy of Language: The Case of J.L. Shaw and the Nyāya. In: Comparative Philosophy and J.L. Shaw. Bilimoria P, Hemmingsen M (Eds.), Springer International Publishing, Cham, 27–37 (2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lung Cancer Management.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Mind-Reading Computer Writes Words with Brain Waves [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/write-book-your-mind/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: FAA Can Better Forecast and Prevent Equipment Failures. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hardison A. Achieving Literacy Excellence through Identifying and Utilizing High Yield Strategies. (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kimmelman M. In the Bronx, Tennis for Everyone. New York Times, C1 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLung Cancer Management
AbbreviationLung Cancer Manag.
ISSN (print)1758-1966
ISSN (online)1758-1974
ScopeOncology
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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