How to format your references using the Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Pearson H. Epidemiology: Study of a lifetime. Nature 2011;471:20–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Bell JJ, Bhandoola A. The earliest thymic progenitors for T cells possess myeloid lineage potential. Nature 2008;452:764–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Orlove BS, Chiang JC, Cane MA. Forecasting Andean rainfall and crop yield from the influence of El Nino on Pleiades visibility. Nature 2000;403:68–71.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Ligi M, Bonatti E, Cuffaro M, Brunelli D. Post-mesozoic rapid increase of seawater Mg/Ca due to enhanced mantle-seawater interaction. Sci Rep 2013;3:2752.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
The Chartered Institute of Building. Code of Practice for Project Management for Construction and Development. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Faridah-Hanum I, Latiff A, Hakeem KR, Ozturk M, editors. Mangrove Ecosystems of Asia: Status, Challenges and Management Strategies. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Nagata Y, Bräysy O. Efficient Local Search Limitation Strategies for Vehicle Routing Problems. In: Hemert J van, Cotta C, editors. Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization: 8th European Conference, EvoCOP 2008, Naples, Italy, March 26-28, 2008. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008, p. 48–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Squeaky Baby Sloths Are Completely Adorable. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Public Transit: Federal and Transit Agencies Taking Steps to Build Transit Systems’ Resilience but Face Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Bradford A. Internationalization Policy at the Genba: Exploring the Implementation of Social Science English-Taught Undergraduate Degree Programs in Three Japanese Universities. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Pilon M, Craig S. Safety Concerns Stoke Criticism of Kennel Club. New York Times 2013:SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
AbbreviationSemin. Fetal Neonatal Med.
ISSN (print)1744-165X
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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