How to format your references using the Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Kivelson MG. Does Enceladus govern magnetospheric dynamics at Saturn? Science 2006;311:1391–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
McMahon HT, Gallop JL. Membrane curvature and mechanisms of dynamic cell membrane remodelling. Nature 2005;438:590–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Donato F, Rompani SB, Caroni P. Parvalbumin-expressing basket-cell network plasticity induced by experience regulates adult learning. Nature 2013;504:272–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Choi PJ, Cai L, Frieda K, Xie XS. A stochastic single-molecule event triggers phenotype switching of a bacterial cell. Science 2008;322:442–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Firth-Cozens J, Harrison J. How to Survive in Medicine. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Choudhury SMAA. Diagnosis of Process Nonlinearities and Valve Stiction: Data Driven Approaches. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Leibrandt K, Lorenz T, Nierhoff T, Hirche S. Modelling Human Gameplay at Pool and Countering It with an Anthropomorphic Robot. In: Herrmann G, Pearson MJ, Lenz A, Bremner P, Spiers A, Leonards U, editors. Social Robotics: 5th International Conference, ICSR 2013, Bristol, UK, October 27-29, 2013, Proceedings, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013, p. 30–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. Will Europe’s Flagship ExoMars Mission Ever Get Off The Ground? IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/will-europes-flagship-exomars-mission-ever-get-ground/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Electronic Government: National Archives and Records Administration’s Fiscal Year 2011 Expenditure Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Cisewski J. Generalized fiducial inference for mixed linear models. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Lardner G Jr. No Country for Second Chances. New York Times 2010:A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
AbbreviationSemin. Fetal Neonatal Med.
ISSN (print)1744-165X
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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