How to format your references using the Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Clarke PR. Cell biology. A gradient signal orchestrates the mitotic spindle. Science 2005;309:1334–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Engel H-A, Loss D. Fermionic bell-state analyzer for spin qubits. Science 2005;309:586–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Teuten EL, Xu L, Reddy CM. Two abundant bioaccumulated halogenated compounds are natural products. Science 2005;307:917–20.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Reed EJ, Soljacic M, Ibanescu M, Joannopoulos JD. Comment on “Observation of the inverse Doppler effect.” Science 2004;305:778; author reply 778.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Martinelli RJ, Milosevic DZ. Project Management ToolBox. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Weiner R, Kelley M, editors. Translating Molecular Biomarkers into Clinical Assays: Techniques and Applications. vol. 21. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Fleishman GD, Toptygin IN. Wave–Particle and Wave–Wave Interactions. In: Toptygin IN, editor. Cosmic Electrodynamics: Electrodynamics and Magnetic Hydrodynamics of Cosmic Plasmas, New York, NY: Springer; 2013, p. 139–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Scientists Develop Shatterproof iPhone Screens. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Examination of Financial Operations for Fiscal Year 1975 Shows Need for Improvements in the Guaranteed Student Loan Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Luce GR. British viola repertoire of the first half of the twentieth century. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. Justices Broaden Immunity For Officers. New York Times 2008:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
AbbreviationSemin. Fetal Neonatal Med.
ISSN (print)1744-165X
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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