How to format your references using the Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Caldecott KW. Molecular biology. Ribose--an internal threat to DNA. Science 2014;343:260–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pawson T, Nash P. Assembly of cell regulatory systems through protein interaction domains. Science 2003;300:445–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hollingsworth RG, Armstrong JW, Campbell E. Caffeine as a repellent for slugs and snails. Nature 2002;417:915–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Donnelly SE, Birtcher RC, Allen CW, Morrison I, Furuya K, Song M, et al. Ordering in a fluid inert gas confined by flat surfaces. Science 2002;296:507–10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yao Y, Liu S. Ultrasonic Technology for Desiccant Regeneration. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Noy A, editor. Handbook of Molecular Force Spectroscopy. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Bouchekif A, Damnati G, Charlet D. Complementarity of Lexical Cohesion and Speaker Role Information for Story Segmentation of French TV Broadcast News. In: Dediu A-H, Martín-Vide C, Mitkov R, Truthe B, editors. Statistical Language and Speech Processing: First International Conference, SLSP 2013, Tarragona, Spain, July 29-31, 2013. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 51–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Milky Way galaxy likely formed inside out. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Temporary Emergency Impact Aid Provided Education Support for Displaced Students. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Payne LG. The experience of caring for women with drug or alcohol problems in the general hospital. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gabler E, Dougherty C. Woman ‘Madly in Love’ With the Gunman Says She Was Unaware of His Plans. New York Times 2017:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
AbbreviationSemin. Fetal Neonatal Med.
ISSN (print)1744-165X
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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