How to format your references using the Scientific Drilling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scientific Drilling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C.: World view: Leaders wanted, Nature, 466(7309), 919, 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
Helms, J. A. and Schneider, R. A.: Cranial skeletal biology, Nature, 423(6937), 326–331, 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sim, M. S., Bosak, T. and Ono, S.: Large sulfur isotope fractionation does not require disproportionation, Science, 333(6038), 74–77, 2011.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Bond, G., Kromer, B., Beer, J., Muscheler, R., Evans, M. N., Showers, W., Hoffmann, S., Lotti-Bond, R., Hajdas, I. and Bonani, G.: Persistent solar influence on North Atlantic climate during the Holocene, Science, 294(5549), 2130–2136, 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robertson, B., Vignaux, G. A. and Berger, C. E. H.: Interpreting Evidence, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK., 2016.
An edited book
Bartz-Beielstein, T., Branke, J., Filipič, B. and Smith, J., Eds.: Parallel Problem Solving from Nature – PPSN XIII: 13th International Conference, Ljubljana, Slovenia, September 13-17, 2014. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham., 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Demoor, T., Fiems, D., Walraevens, J. and Bruneel, H.: The Preemptive Repeat Hybrid Server Interruption Model, in Analytical and Stochastic Modeling Techniques and Applications: 17th International Conference, ASMTA 2010, Cardiff, UK, June 14-16, 2010. Proceedings, edited by K. Al-Begain, D. Fiems, and W. J. Knottenbelt, pp. 59–71, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scientific Drilling.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Goldfish Tumor Removal Operation Went Swimmingly, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak Needs to Improve Its Decisionmaking Process for Its Route and Service Proposals, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gilmore, K. D.: With their heads in the lion’s mouth: Exploring the novels of Zora Neale Hurston, Richard Wright and Ralph Ellison through social contract theory, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA., 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson, K. and Pilon, M.: Marathon Organizers Offer Refund or Future Race, New York Times, 21st December, B18, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Helms and Schneider, 2003; Macilwain, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Helms and Schneider, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Bond et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleScientific Drilling
AbbreviationSci. Drill.
ISSN (print)1816-8957
ISSN (online)1816-3459
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Mechanical Engineering

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