How to format your references using the Scientific Drilling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scientific Drilling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roos, D. S.: Genetics. Themes and variations in apicomplexan parasite biology, Science, 309, 72–73, 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bhaskaran, H. and Russell, R.: Kinetic redistribution of native and misfolded RNAs by a DEAD-box chaperone, Nature, 449, 1014–1018, 2007.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xue, H.-J., Li, W.-Z., and Yang, X.-K.: Assortative mating between two sympatric closely-related specialists: inferred from molecular phylogenetic analysis and behavioral data, Sci. Rep., 4, 5436, 2014.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Li, S.-J., Hua, Z.-S., Huang, L.-N., Li, J., Shi, S.-H., Chen, L.-X., Kuang, J.-L., Liu, J., Hu, M., and Shu, W.-S.: Microbial communities evolve faster in extreme environments, Sci. Rep., 4, 6205, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Spence, R.: Introductory Circuits, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, 2008.
An edited book
Hospenthal, D. R. and Rinaldi, M. G. (Eds.): Diagnosis and Treatment of Fungal Infections, 2nd ed. 2015., Springer International Publishing, Cham, XI, 299 p. 259 illus., 199 illus. in color pp., 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Caporuscio, M., Funaro, M., and Ghezzi, C.: PaCE: A Data-Flow Coordination Language for Asynchronous Network-Based Applications, in: Software Composition: 11th International Conference, SC 2012, Prague, Czech Republic, May 31 – June 1, 2012. Proceedings, edited by: Gschwind, T., Paoli, F. D., Gruhn, V., and Book, M., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 51–67, 2012.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scientific Drilling.

Blog post
New Animatronic Cameras Deployed To Film Wildlife Like Never Before:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Implementation of the Older Americans Comprehensive Services Amendments of 1973, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Karriem, K. L.: The relationship between stress and emotional intelligence among direct-care workers, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: For Mets, Sky Was Falling, But Now It’s the Limit, New York Times, 27th April, B9, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Roos, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Roos, 2005; Bhaskaran and Russell, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bhaskaran and Russell, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleScientific Drilling
AbbreviationSci. Drill.
ISSN (print)1816-8957
ISSN (online)1816-3459
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Mechanical Engineering

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