How to format your references using the Scientific Drilling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scientific Drilling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Page, D. P.: Comment on “Athabasca Valles, Mars: a lava-draped channel system,” Science, 320, 1588; author reply 1588, 2008.
A journal article with 2 authors
Farmer, J. A. and Campbell, C. T.: Ceria maintains smaller metal catalyst particles by strong metal-support bonding, Science, 329, 933–936, 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
Horváth, J., Szalai, I., and De Kepper, P.: An experimental design method leading to chemical Turing patterns, Science, 324, 772–775, 2009.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Houze, R. A., Jr, Chen, S. S., Smull, B. F., Lee, W.-C., and Bell, M. M.: Hurricane intensity and eyewall replacement, Science, 315, 1235–1239, 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Klee, L.: International Construction Contract Law, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
Jeschke, S., Isenhardt, I., Hees, F., and Trantow, S. (Eds.): Enabling Innovation: Innovative Capability - German and International Views, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XII, 488 p pp., 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Kozioł, A.: E-mail, Facebook, and Mobile Phones as Essential Tools for Lower Secondary School Students’ Communication, in: New Media and Perennial Problems in Foreign Language Learning and Teaching, edited by: Piasecka, L., Adams-Tukiendorf, M., and Wilk, P., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 73–90, 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scientific Drilling.

Blog post
Scientists Take Step Forward In Quest To Convert Carbon Dioxide To Biofuel:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Better Management Needed in Automating the Federal Judiciary, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marquez, H. H.: Social Capital, Academics, and Sense of Belonging among High School Foster Youth, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lichtblau, E.: Poised to Seek Change as Attorney General, New York Times, 18th November, A15, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Page, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Page, 2008; Farmer and Campbell, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Farmer and Campbell, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Houze et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleScientific Drilling
AbbreviationSci. Drill.
ISSN (print)1816-8957
ISSN (online)1816-3459
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Mechanical Engineering

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