How to format your references using the Scientific Drilling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scientific Drilling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wine, J. J.: Medicine. Letting go of mucus, Science, 345, 730–731, 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
Matear, R. J. and McNeil, B. I.: Comment on “Preindustrial to modern interdecadal variability in coral reef pH,” Science, 314, 595, 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mendoza, M., Herrmann, H. J., and Succi, S.: Hydrodynamic model for conductivity in graphene, Sci. Rep., 3, 1052, 2013.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Nackley, A. G., Shabalina, S. A., Tchivileva, I. E., Satterfield, K., Korchynskyi, O., Makarov, S. S., Maixner, W., and Diatchenko, L.: Human catechol-O-methyltransferase haplotypes modulate protein expression by altering mRNA secondary structure, Science, 314, 1930–1933, 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gerardi, M. H.: Settleability Problems and Loss of Solids in the Activated Sludge Process, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2003.
An edited book
Kotthoff, H.-G. and Klerides, E. (Eds.): Governing Educational Spaces: Knowledge, Teaching, and Learning in Transition, SensePublishers, Rotterdam, VIII, 228 p pp., 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Regan, G., Flood, D., and Caffery, F. M.: The Development and Validation of a Roadmap for Traceability, in: Software Process Improvement and Capability Determination: 15th International Conference, SPICE 2015, Gothenburg, Sweden, June 16-17, 2015. Proceedings, edited by: Rout, T., O’Connor, R. V., and Dorling, A., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 45–57, 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scientific Drilling.

Blog post
First Images Released From Survey Of 100 Million Galaxies And Stars:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal Family Education Loan Program: Statutory and Regulatory Changes Could Avert Billions in Unnecessary Federal Subsidy Payments, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lucky-Medford, L.: A gendered approach to synaesthesia using the poetry of John Keats and Emily Dickinson, Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J.: Now It’s the Astros in Charge, New York Times, 28th October, D1, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wine, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Wine, 2014; Matear and McNeil, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Matear and McNeil, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Nackley et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleScientific Drilling
AbbreviationSci. Drill.
ISSN (print)1816-8957
ISSN (online)1816-3459
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Mechanical Engineering

Other styles