How to format your references using the Scientific Drilling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scientific Drilling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tiedemann, M. W.: The song of the Neanderthal, Nature, 404, 127, 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lucas, D. and Frenette, P. S.: Stem cells: Reprogramming finds its niche, Nature, 511, 301–302, 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mei, L., Chen, Y., and Ma, J.: Gas sensing of SnO2 nanocrystals revisited: developing ultra-sensitive sensors for detecting the H2S leakage of biogas, Sci. Rep., 4, 6028, 2014.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Chang, C. W., Okawa, D., Majumdar, A., and Zettl, A.: Solid-state thermal rectifier, Science, 314, 1121–1124, 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grous, A.: Fracture Mechanics 1, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA, 2012.
An edited book
Zhao, F.: Low-Noise Low-Power Design for Phase-Locked Loops: Multi-Phase High-Performance Oscillators, edited by: Dai, F. F., Springer International Publishing, Cham, XIII, 96 p. 73 illus., 24 illus. in color pp., 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Guglielmi, A.: Neo- and Adjuvant Therapy, in: Rectal Cancer: Strategy and Surgical Techniques, edited by: Manzini, N. de, Springer, Milano, 63–71, 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scientific Drilling.

Blog post
Could Cold Spot In The Sky Be A Bruise From A Collision With A Parallel Universe?, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: 2010 Census: Key Enumeration Activities Are Moving Forward, but Information Technology Systems Remain a Concern, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pigott, C.: School Resource Officers and the School-to-Prison Pipeline: Discovering Trends of Expulsions in Public Schools, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hauser, C.: Secret Service Agent Under Investigation, New York Times, 25th January, A13, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tiedemann, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Tiedemann, 2000; Lucas and Frenette, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lucas and Frenette, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Chang et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleScientific Drilling
AbbreviationSci. Drill.
ISSN (print)1816-8957
ISSN (online)1816-3459
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Mechanical Engineering

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