How to format your references using the Pharmacological Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacological Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Trewavas A. Urban myths of organic farming. Nature 2001;410:409–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Galarreta M, Hestrin S. Spike transmission and synchrony detection in networks of GABAergic interneurons. Science 2001;292:2295–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Fan Y, Yu D, Yao Y-G. Tree shrew database (TreeshrewDB): a genomic knowledge base for the Chinese tree shrew. Sci Rep 2014;4:7145.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Son S-W, Polvani LM, Waugh DW, Akiyoshi H, Garcia R, Kinnison D, et al. The impact of stratospheric ozone recovery on the Southern Hemisphere westerly jet. Science 2008;320:1486–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Yao Y, Liu S. Ultrasonic Technology for Desiccant Regeneration. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Shin JC, Postiglione GA, Huang F, editors. Mass Higher Education Development in East Asia: Strategy, Quality, and Challenges. vol. 2. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Abdelgawad A, Bayoumi M. Kalman Filter. In: Bayoumi M, editor. Resource-Aware Data Fusion Algorithms for Wireless Sensor Networks, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012, p. 59–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacological Reports.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Watch T Cells Hunt Down And Kill Cancer Cells. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/watch-t-cells-hunt-down-and-kill-cancer-cells/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Consumer Health Informatics: Emerging Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Lancelin DB. A Phenomenological Case Study of Teacher Experiences with and Understanding of Instruction Aligned to the CCSS, and their Role in Advancing Equal Educational Opportunities for Students. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. Left on the Sideline as an Underdog Celebrates. New York Times 2011:D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacological Reports
AbbreviationPharmacol. Rep.
ISSN (print)1734-1140
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmacology

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