How to format your references using the Pharmacological Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacological Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Konacki M. An extrasolar giant planet in a close triple-star system. Nature 2005;436:230–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Folkman J, Kalluri R. Cancer without disease. Nature 2004;427:787.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yue H, Lay T, Koper KD. En échelon and orthogonal fault ruptures of the 11 April 2012 great intraplate earthquakes. Nature 2012;490:245–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lei M, Wang ZB, Li JS, Tang HL, Liu WJ, Wang YG. CeO2 nanocubes-graphene oxide as durable and highly active catalyst support for proton exchange membrane fuel cell. Sci Rep 2014;4:7415.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith DJ. Bond Math. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Anagnostou D, Matutes E, editors. Bone Marrow Lymphoid Infiltrates: Diagnosis and Clinical Impact. London: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Angermann L, Shestopalov YV, Yatsyk VV. Eigenmodes of Linearised Problems of Scattering and Generation of Oscillations on Cubically Polarisable Layers. In: Beilina L, editor. Inverse Problems and Applications, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 67–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacological Reports.

Blog post
Evans K. Sobering Sea Ice Levels Are The 'New Normal”, According To NASA. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: DOD Needs to Improve Process for Ensuring Interoperability of Telecommunications Switches. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beahm AC. The political ecology of tourism development in the Ecuadorian Amazon. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Cities Urge Public Pension Funds to Divest From Gun Makers. New York Times 2013:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacological Reports
AbbreviationPharmacol. Rep.
ISSN (print)1734-1140
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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