How to format your references using the Pharmacological Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacological Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Loder N. Unesco “worse than I imagined,” says new director. Nature 2000;404:113.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Karpowich NK, Wang D-N. Structural biology. Symmetric transporters for asymmetric transport. Science 2008;321:781–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Tomishige M, Klopfenstein DR, Vale RD. Conversion of Unc104/KIF1A kinesin into a processive motor after dimerization. Science 2002;297:2263–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Correa LA, Palao JP, Alonso D, Adesso G. Quantum-enhanced absorption refrigerators. Sci Rep 2014;4:3949.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Chen G, Wang X, Li X. Fundamentals of Complex Networks. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Halldórsson MM, editor. Structural Information and Communication Complexity: 21st International Colloquium, SIROCCO 2014, Takayama, Japan, July 23-25, 2014. Proceedings. vol. 8576. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Ziarko W. Stochastic Approach to Rough Set Theory. In: Greco S, Hata Y, Hirano S, Inuiguchi M, Miyamoto S, Nguyen HS, et al., editors. Rough Sets and Current Trends in Computing: 5th International Conference, RSCTC 2006 Kobe, Japan, November 6-8, 2006 Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 38–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacological Reports.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Couple Films Kayaker Being Attacked By A Shark In Monterey Bay, California. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/couple-films-kayaker-being-attacked/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Air Taxis--The Most Accident-Prone Airlines--Need Better Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Freedman R. Assessing the functional recovery and connectivity potential of restored estuaries in southern California using juvenile predator fish movements. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kishkovsky S. Organizers Of Art Show Convicted In Moscow. New York Times 2010:C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacological Reports
AbbreviationPharmacol. Rep.
ISSN (print)1734-1140
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmacology

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