How to format your references using the Pharmacological Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacological Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sharpe T. Geology. The birth of the geological map. Science 2015;347:230–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prather MJ, Hsu J. Coupling of nitrous oxide and methane by global atmospheric chemistry. Science 2010;330:952–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kainulainen J, Federrath C, Henning T. Unfolding the laws of star formation: the density distribution of molecular clouds. Science 2014;344:183–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Harich SA, Dai D, Wang CC, Yang X, Chao SD, Skodje RT. Forward scattering due to slow-down of the intermediate in the H + HD --> D + H(2) reaction. Nature 2002;419:281–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Edgerton M. A Practitioner’s Guide to Effective Maritime and Port Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Steinrück H, editor. Asymptotic Methods in Fluid Mechanics: Survey and Recent Advances. vol. 523. Vienna: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Trinci M, Sessa B, Menichini G, Valentini V, Miele V. Abdominal Trauma. In: Miele V, Trinci M, editors. Imaging Trauma and Polytrauma in Pediatric Patients, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 65–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacological Reports.

Blog post
Andrews R. Dinosaur Crater Drilling Project Declared A “Fantastic Success.” IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Science Foundation: Better Use of Existing Resources Could Improve Program Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson BD. Application of systems engineering principles for analysis of utility baseline development process. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. I.O.C. Opens Inquiry Into Resale Of Tickets. New York Times 2012:D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacological Reports
AbbreviationPharmacol. Rep.
ISSN (print)1734-1140
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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