How to format your references using the Science Foundation in China citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science Foundation in China. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zerhouni E 2003 Embryonic stem cells. Stem cell programs Science 300 911–2
A journal article with 2 authors
Einav L and Levin J 2014 Economics in the age of big data Science 346 1243089
A journal article with 3 authors
Zimov S A, Schuur E A G and Chapin F S 3rd 2006 Climate change. Permafrost and the global carbon budget Science 312 1612–3
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Burch J L, Goldstein J, Lewis W S, Young D T, Coates A J, Dougherty M K and André N 2007 Tethys and Dione as sources of outward-flowing plasma in Saturn’s magnetosphere Nature 447 833–5

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reeve W D 2006 DC Power System Design for Telecommunications (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Vayenas C G 2011 Interfacial Phenomena in Electrocatalysis vol 51 (New York, NY: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Seidl H and Kovács M 2014 Interprocedural Information Flow Analysis of XML Processors Language and Automata Theory and Applications: 8th International Conference, LATA 2014, Madrid, Spain, March 10-14, 2014. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed A-H Dediu, C Martín-Vide, J-L Sierra-Rodríguez and B Truthe (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 34–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science Foundation in China.

Blog post
Luntz S 2014 Most Mammals Killed In Dinosaur Extinction IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2005 Federal Research: Observations on the Small Business Innovation Research Program (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marulkar S 2016 Indoor object localization system Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M 1993 Again: It’s Hillary Rodham Clinton. Got That? New York Times 133

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScience Foundation in China
AbbreviationSci. Found. China
ISSN (print)1005-0841

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