How to format your references using the Science Foundation in China citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science Foundation in China. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aldhous P 2000 Protests force primate farm to close Nature 404 215
A journal article with 2 authors
Peale S J and Lee M H 2002 A primordial origin of the Laplace relation among the Galilean satellites Science 298 593–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Hummer G, Rasaiah J C and Noworyta J P 2001 Water conduction through the hydrophobic channel of a carbon nanotube Nature 414 188–90
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Sturevik-Storm A, Aldahan A, Possnert G, Berggren A-M, Muscheler R, Dahl-Jensen D, Vinther B M and Usoskin I 2014 10Be climate fingerprints during the Eemian in the NEEM ice core, Greenland Sci. Rep. 4 6408

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bill Huitt W M 2016 Bioprocessing Piping and Equipment Design (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Jaworski P, Durante F, Härdle W K and Rychlik T 2010 Copula Theory and Its Applications: Proceedings of the Workshop Held in Warsaw, 25-26 September 2009 vol 198 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Francesconi A and Dossena C 2015 A Strategic and Organizational Perspective for Understanding the Evolution of Online Reputation Management Systems From Information to Smart Society: Environment, Politics and Economics Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation ed L Mola, F Pennarola and S Za (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 49–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science Foundation in China.

Blog post
Taub B 2016 Psychopaths Probably Do Experience Fear But May Be Unable To Sense Danger IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2010 Cybersecurity: Key Challenges Need to Be Addressed to Improve Research and Development (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayo J 2010 Rates and factors associated with child maltreatment recurrence for children from birth to 5 years of age in Ventura County Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Southall A 2016 Police Ease Rules on Beards and Turbans for Religious Officers New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScience Foundation in China
AbbreviationSci. Found. China
ISSN (print)1005-0841

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