How to format your references using the Science Foundation in China citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science Foundation in China. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nath I 2008 Obituary: Christopher Curtis (1939-2008) Nature 453 1002
A journal article with 2 authors
Fry C J and Peterson C L 2002 Transcription. Unlocking the gates to gene expression Science 295 1847–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Whiteman G, Hope C and Wadhams P 2013 Vast costs of Arctic change Nature 499 401–3
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Goyenvalle A, Vulin A, Fougerousse F, Leturcq F, Kaplan J-C, Garcia L and Danos O 2004 Rescue of dystrophic muscle through U7 snRNA-mediated exon skipping Science 306 1796–9

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voigtman E 2017 Limits of Detection in Chemical Analysis (Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Rao K R 2016 Psychology in the Indian Tradition ed A C Paranjpe (New Delhi: Springer India)
A chapter in an edited book
Kessels R P C and Brands A M A 2010 Neuropsychological Assessment Diabetes and the Brain ed G J Biessels and J A Luchsinger (Totowa, NJ: Humana Press) pp 77–102

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science Foundation in China.

Blog post
Luntz S 2014 Why Does Matter Exceed Antimatter? IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1980 Review of the Tennessee Valley Authority’s Procurements of Automatic Data Processing Equipment (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bernal E 2013 Ethnographic research of emergent cultural themes from technology-based informal education in a museum Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dwyer J 2016 ’60s TV, Taxes and a Taste of Trump New York Times A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScience Foundation in China
AbbreviationSci. Found. China
ISSN (print)1005-0841

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