How to format your references using the Science Foundation in China citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science Foundation in China. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegel J S 2012 Materials chemistry: carbon origami Nature 486 327–8
A journal article with 2 authors
Fischer J and Loss D 2009 Physics. Dealing with decoherence Science 324 1277–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Gibbs M J, Armstrong J S and Gibbs A J 2001 Recombination in the hemagglutinin gene of the 1918 “Spanish flu” Science 293 1842–5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Rudenko G, Henry L, Henderson K, Ichtchenko K, Brown M S, Goldstein J L and Deisenhofer J 2002 Structure of the LDL receptor extracellular domain at endosomal pH Science 298 2353–8

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wright D 2016 Using Commercial Contracts (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Kauczor H-U 2009 MRI of the Lung (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Edwards P, Pignotti E, Eckhardt A, Ponnamperuma K, Mellish C and Bouttaz T 2012 ourSpaces – Design and Deployment of a Semantic Virtual Research Environment The Semantic Web – ISWC 2012: 11th International Semantic Web Conference, Boston, MA, USA, November 11-15, 2012, Proceedings, Part II Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed P Cudré-Mauroux, J Heflin, E Sirin, T Tudorache, J Euzenat, M Hauswirth, J X Parreira, J Hendler, G Schreiber, A Bernstein and E Blomqvist (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 50–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science Foundation in China.

Blog post
Hale T 2017 The Science Behind Why This Photograph Looks Fake IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1977 Status and Issues Pertaining to the Proposed Development of the Space Telescope Project (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fonfa S L 2008 The impact of increased security on the employment options and lives of people with severe disabilities Doctoral dissertation (Minneapolis, MN: Capella University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh M W 2011 Tallying the Financial Aftermath: Japan Government Likely To Bear Big Monetary Loss New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScience Foundation in China
AbbreviationSci. Found. China
ISSN (print)1005-0841

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