How to format your references using the Science and Technology of Advanced Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fuyuno I 2005 Ancient foil maker wraps up mobile-phone market Nature 436 775
A journal article with 2 authors
Baldwin M P and Dunkerton T J 2001 Stratospheric harbingers of anomalous weather regimes Science 294 581–4
A journal article with 3 authors
McSween H Y Jr, Taylor G J and Wyatt M B 2009 Elemental composition of the Martian crust Science 324 736–9
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Hurst W J, Tarka S M Jr, Powis T G, Valdez F Jr and Hester T R 2002 Cacao usage by the earliest Maya civilization Nature 418 289–90

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lebowitz E R and Omer H 2013 Treating Childhood and Adolescent Anxiety (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Othieno H 2016 Energy Resources in Africa: Distribution, Opportunities and Challenges ed J Awange (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Horita M 2009 When an Electronic Citizen Forum Works and When Not: An Organisational Analysis of the Mitaka Master Plan Process Innovations in Collaborative Urban Regeneration cSUR-UT Series: Library for Sustainable Urban Regeneration ed M Horita and H Koizumi (Tokyo: Springer Japan) pp 53–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 Would You Cover Yourself In Fish Slime To Protect Against The Sun? IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2011 VA Education Benefits: Actions Taken, but Outreach and Oversight Could Be Improved (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wheeler T J 2009 Efficient construction of accurate multiple alignments and large-scale phylogenies Doctoral dissertation (Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
This story was reported by C.J. Chivers, Arvedlund E E, Kishkovsky S and Chivers W by M 2004 Editor’s Death Raises Questions About Change in Russia New York Times 13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScience and Technology of Advanced Materials
AbbreviationSci. Technol. Adv. Mater.
ISSN (print)1468-6996
ISSN (online)1878-5514
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

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