How to format your references using the Science and Technology of Advanced Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt T 2000 Doubts and uncertainties slow NASA’s schedule Nature 405 4
A journal article with 2 authors
Lu T T and Cyster J G 2002 Integrin-mediated long-term B cell retention in the splenic marginal zone Science 297 409–12
A journal article with 3 authors
Campbell C T, Parker S C and Starr D E 2002 The effect of size-dependent nanoparticle energetics on catalyst sintering Science 298 811–4
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Wikelski M, Wong V, Chevalier B, Rattenborg N and Snell H L 2002 Marine iguanas die from trace oil pollution Nature 417 607–8

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dauphiné A 2012 Fractal Geography (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc)
An edited book
Fisichella P M and Patti M G 2015 Atlas of Esophageal Surgery (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Droop M, Flarer M, Groppe J, Groppe S, Linnemann V, Pinggera J, Santner F, Schier M, Schöpf F, Staffler H and Zugal S 2007 Translating XPath Queries into SPARQL Queries On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems 2007: OTM 2007 Workshops: OTM Confederated International Workshops and Posters, AWeSOMe, CAMS, OTM Academy Doctoral Consortium, MONET, OnToContent, ORM, PerSys, PPN, RDDS, SSWS, and SWWS 2007, Vilamoura, Portugal, November 25-30, 2007, Proceedings, Part I Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed R Meersman, Z Tari and P Herrero (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 9–10

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials.

Blog post
Carpineti A 2016 How The Moon Got Its Tilt Explained By New Model IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1994 Tax Systems Modernization: Automated Underreporter Project Shows Need for Human Resource Planning (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Runyan T E 2017 A Machine Learning Approach to Quantifying Likely Locations of Gas and Gas Hydrate Accumulation Doctoral dissertation ( Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hennessey S 2017 Did Trump Violate His Oath of Office? New York Times A25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScience and Technology of Advanced Materials
AbbreviationSci. Technol. Adv. Mater.
ISSN (print)1468-6996
ISSN (online)1878-5514
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

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