How to format your references using the Science and Technology of Advanced Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Putterman L 2010 Behavior. Cooperation and punishment Science 328 578–9
A journal article with 2 authors
Liao L and Cao Z 2014 Directional scaling symmetry of high-symmetry two-dimensional lattices Sci. Rep. 4 6193
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoo A S, Bais C and Greenwald I 2004 Crosstalk between the EGFR and LIN-12/Notch pathways in C. elegans vulval development Science 303 663–6
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Mejlgaard N, Woolley R, Bloch C, Bührer S, Griessler E, Jäger A, Lindner R, Madsen E B, Maier F, Meijer I, Peter V, Stilgoe J and Wuketich M 2018 Europe’s plans for responsible science Science 361 761–2

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kill R 2012 The BRC Global Standard for Food Safety (Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell)
An edited book
Weihed P 2015 3D, 4D and Predictive Modelling of Major Mineral Belts in Europe (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Alden N 2016 ‘Accompanied by Ghosts’: The Changing Uses of the Past in Sarah Waters’s Lesbian Fiction Sarah Waters and Contemporary Feminisms ed A Jones and C O’Callaghan (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK) pp 61–78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials.

Blog post
Carpineti A 2016 What’s The Most Expensive Object In The World? IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2011 Commercial Motor Carriers: More Could Be Done to Determine Impact of Excessive Loading and Unloading Wait Times on Hours of Service Violations (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Porter J 2010 Closing the classroom door: Denying the political, embracing the moral Doctoral dissertation (Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M and Belson K 2012 Open Is Drawing Record Crowds, but Fans Are Feeling the Squeeze New York Times B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScience and Technology of Advanced Materials
AbbreviationSci. Technol. Adv. Mater.
ISSN (print)1468-6996
ISSN (online)1878-5514
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

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