How to format your references using the Science and Technology of Advanced Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dehgan A 2012 Creating the new development ecosystem Science 336 1397–8
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwartz T W and Sakmar T P 2011 Structural biology: snapshot of a signalling complex Nature 477 540–1
A journal article with 3 authors
Bannani A, Bobisch C and Möller R 2007 Ballistic electron microscopy of individual molecules Science 315 1824–8
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Hosie A M, Wilkins M E, da Silva H M A and Smart T G 2006 Endogenous neurosteroids regulate GABAA receptors through two discrete transmembrane sites Nature 444 486–9

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smirnov B M 2011 Fundamentals of Ionized Gases (Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA)
An edited book
Gero J S 2015 Studying Visual and Spatial Reasoning for Design Creativity (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Kim S-H, Bao Y, Horan E, Kim M and Cohen A S 2015 Gauss–Hermite Quadrature in Marginal Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Item Parameters Quantitative Psychology Research: The 79th Annual Meeting of the Psychometric Society, Madison, Wisconsin, 2014 Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics ed L A van der Ark, D M Bolt, W-C Wang, J A Douglas and S-M Chow (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 43–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 Are Creative People More Prone To Psychological Distress Or Is The ‘Mad Genius’ A Myth? IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1998 State Department: Tourist Visa Processing Backlogs Persist at U.S. Consulates (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
White A E 2015 Female ministers in pastoral leadership: A phenomenological study Doctoral dissertation (Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S 2000 August 13-19; Czar Beatified New York Times 42

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScience and Technology of Advanced Materials
AbbreviationSci. Technol. Adv. Mater.
ISSN (print)1468-6996
ISSN (online)1878-5514
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

Other styles