How to format your references using the Science and Technology of Advanced Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Saito T 2000 Support for the national science education act Science 288 2318c
A journal article with 2 authors
Eichelkraut T and Szameit A 2015 Photonics: Random sudoku light Nature 526 643–4
A journal article with 3 authors
Harbaugh W T, Mayr U and Burghart D R 2007 Neural responses to taxation and voluntary giving reveal motives for charitable donations Science 316 1622–5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Smakowska-Luzan E, Mott G A, Parys K, Stegmann M, Howton T C, Layeghifard M, Neuhold J, Lehner A, Kong J, Grünwald K, Weinberger N, Satbhai S B, Mayer D, Busch W, Madalinski M, Stolt-Bergner P, Provart N J, Mukhtar M S, Zipfel C, Desveaux D, Guttman D S and Belkhadir Y 2018 An extracellular network of Arabidopsis leucine-rich repeat receptor kinases Nature 553 342–6

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fulton B S 2014 Drug Discovery for the Treatment of Addiction (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Skjeltorp A T and Belushkin A V 2008 Evolution from Cellular to Social Scales (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Ghasemzadeh H, Guenterberg E and Jafari R 2011 Lightweight Signal Processing for Wearable Body Sensor Networks Wearable Monitoring Systems ed A Bonfiglio and D De Rossi (Boston, MA: Springer US) pp 99–122

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials.

Blog post
Fang J 2014 Earliest Eskimos Mysteriously Vanished 700 Years Ago IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1973 Use of Appropriated Funds as Impact Aid to Educational Agencies (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Daysal N M 2009 The effects of uninsurance on hospitals and patient health Doctoral dissertation (College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M 2010 Art? Jewelry? Fashion? Maybe All Three New York Times E6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScience and Technology of Advanced Materials
AbbreviationSci. Technol. Adv. Mater.
ISSN (print)1468-6996
ISSN (online)1878-5514
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

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