How to format your references using the Science and Technology of Advanced Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Braun D C 2012 Comment on “Detection of emerging sunspot regions in the solar interior” Science 336 296; author reply 296
A journal article with 2 authors
Niehoff D L and Rhodes R 2000 Ideas about the development of violent behavior Science 290 1093c–5c
A journal article with 3 authors
Martincorena I, Seshasayee A S N and Luscombe N M 2012 Evidence of non-random mutation rates suggests an evolutionary risk management strategy Nature 485 95–8
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Ramamurthi K S, Lecuyer S, Stone H A and Losick R 2009 Geometric cue for protein localization in a bacterium Science 323 1354–7

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Federer W T and King F 2007 Variations on Split Plot and Split Block Experiment Designs: Federer/Variations on Split Plot and Split Block Experiment Designs (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Kamae K 2016 Earthquakes, Tsunamis and Nuclear Risks: Prediction and Assessment Beyond the Fukushima Accident (Tokyo: Springer Japan)
A chapter in an edited book
Chen K, Miao F and Yang W 2012 Emergency Management Application Based on Spatial Information Cloud Service Advances in Computer Science and Information Engineering: Volume 1 Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing ed D Jin and S Lin (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 23–8

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials.

Blog post
Luntz S 2014 Mysterious Lake Appears In The Middle Of The Desert Without Explanation IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2010 Airline Mergers: Issues Raised by the Proposed Merger of United and Continental Airlines (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bustillo M F 2010 Heart and Art: Post-adoption program: A grant proposal Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx L 2009 Christina Matthews, Benjamin Macfarland III New York Times ST11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScience and Technology of Advanced Materials
AbbreviationSci. Technol. Adv. Mater.
ISSN (print)1468-6996
ISSN (online)1878-5514
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

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