How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cannon, B. (2013). Sensation and loss. Nature, 503(7475), S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yartsev, M. M., & Ulanovsky, N. (2013). Representation of three-dimensional space in the hippocampus of flying bats. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6130), 367–372.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bascompte, J., Jordano, P., & Olesen, J. M. (2006). Asymmetric coevolutionary networks facilitate biodiversity maintenance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5772), 431–433.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kidwingira, F., Strand, J. D., Van Harlingen, D. J., & Maeno, Y. (2006). Dynamical superconducting order parameter domains in Sr2RuO4. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5803), 1267–1271.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Atkin, N., Biddiss, M., & Tallett, F. (2011). The Wiley-Blackwell Dictionary of Modern European History Since 1789. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Kang, S. G. (2013). Multi-Agent Based Beam Search for Real-Time Production Scheduling and Control: Method, Software and Industrial Application (S. H. Choi, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Faridi, S. (2014). A Good Leaf Order on Simplicial Trees. In S. M. Cooper & S. Sather-Wagstaff (Eds.), Connections Between Algebra, Combinatorics, and Geometry (pp. 191–207). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, June 27). Material Folds Into A Straw When Exposed To Water. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration: National Weather Service Modernization and Weather Satellite Program (T-AIMD-00-86). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simmons, C. I. (2017). A Logistic Regression Analysis of Multiple Independent Variables Impacting Psychiatric Readmissions [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, October 25). Home Runs And Demons For Hamilton And Mantle. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cannon, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Cannon, 2013; Yartsev & Ulanovsky, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yartsev & Ulanovsky, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Bascompte et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kidwingira et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Educational Research
AbbreviationScand. J. Educ. Res.
ISSN (print)0031-3831
ISSN (online)1470-1170

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