How to format your references using the BMC Medical Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Medical Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Zhang X. The epigenetic landscape of plants. Science. 2008;320:489–92.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Stixrude L, Peacor DR. First-principles study of illite-smectite and implications for clay mineral systems. Nature. 2002;420:165–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Howes PD, Chandrawati R, Stevens MM. Bionanotechnology. Colloidal nanoparticles as advanced biological sensors. Science. 2014;346:1247390.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ha E-M, Oh C-T, Bae YS, Lee W-J. A direct role for dual oxidase in Drosophila gut immunity. Science. 2005;310:847–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Çayirci E, Rong C. Security in Wireless Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2009.
An edited book
1. Zitouni I, editor. Natural Language Processing of Semitic Languages. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Navarro JC, Monroig Ó, Sykes AV. Nutrition as a Key Factor for Cephalopod Aquaculture. In: Iglesias J, Fuentes L, Villanueva R, editors. Cephalopod Culture. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 77–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Medical Genetics.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Being A Psychopath Is A Good Thing, As Long As You’re A Charmer. IFLScience. 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/being-a-psychopath-is-a-good-thing-as-long-as-youre-a-charmer/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellites: Changing Requirements, Technical Issues, and Looming Data Gaps Require Focused Attention. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hoefer PD. A David against Goliath: The American veterans committee’s challenge to the American legion in the 1950s. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Paulson M. How ‘Great Comet’ Burned Out. New York Times. 2017;:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Medical Genetics
AbbreviationBMC Med. Genet.
ISSN (online)1471-2350
ScopeGenetics
Genetics(clinical)

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