How to format your references using the Rheologica Acta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rheologica Acta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen J (2015) AIDS. No end in sight. Science 349:230–231
A journal article with 2 authors
Ashlin A, Ladle RJ (2006) Science communication. Environmental science adrift in the blogosphere. Science 312:201
A journal article with 3 authors
Jaeger TF, Pontillo D, Graff P (2012) Comment on “Phonemic diversity supports a serial founder effect model of language expansion from Africa.” Science 335:1042; author reply 1042
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Campbell BA, Campbell DB, Chandler JF, et al (2003) Radar imaging of the lunar poles. Nature 426:137–138

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smeets R, der Sluis L van, Kapetanović M, et al (2014) Switching in Electrical Transmission and Distribution Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Talia D (2008) Grid Middleware and Services: Challenges and Solutions. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Rehm G, Uszkoreit H (2012) O META-NET-e. In: Rehm G, Uszkoreit H (eds) The Slovak Language in the Digital Age. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 37–37

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rheologica Acta.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) New Research Reveals How Cocaine Affects Your DNA. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Aviation Safety: FAA Is Taking Steps to Improve Data, but Challenges for Managing Safety Risks Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kelly LA (2009) Nursing surveillance in the acute care setting: Latent variable development and analysis. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2016) Defense, Though Hard to Gauge, Gives Cubs a Clear Edge. New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cohen 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ashlin and Ladle 2006; Cohen 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ashlin and Ladle 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Campbell et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleRheologica Acta
AbbreviationRheol. Acta
ISSN (print)0035-4511
ISSN (online)1435-1528
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles