How to format your references using the Rheologica Acta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rheologica Acta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moazed D (2009) Molecular biology. Rejoice--RNAi for yeast. Science 326:533–534
A journal article with 2 authors
Lyons JR, Young ED (2005) CO self-shielding as the origin of oxygen isotope anomalies in the early solar nebula. Nature 435:317–320
A journal article with 3 authors
Mungall JE, Ames DE, Hanley JJ (2004) Geochemical evidence from the Sudbury structure for crustal redistribution by large bolide impacts. Nature 429:546–548
A journal article with 5 or more authors
de Vries W, Solberg S, Dobbertin M, et al (2008) Ecologically implausible carbon response? Nature 451:E1-3; discussion E3-4

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Safonov VO (2007) Using Aspect-Oriented Programming for Trustworthy Software Development. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kragl U (ed) (2005) Technology Transfer in Biotechnology: From lab to Industry to Production. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Taylor M (2005) Embedded Local Growth: A Theory Taken too Far? In: Boschma RA, Kloosterman RC (eds) Learning from Clusters: A Critical Assessment from an Economic-Geographical Perspective. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 69–88

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rheologica Acta.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Why I Wasn’t Excited About The Medieval Remedy That Works Against MRSA. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Aviation Workforce: Current and Future Availability of Aviation Engineering and Maintenance Professionals. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liyakath RA (2012) Reconfigurable Antenna and RF Circuits Using Multi-Layer Stretchable Conductors. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) For Musial, A Birthday And A Medal. New York Times SP1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moazed 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Lyons and Young 2005; Moazed 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lyons and Young 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (de Vries et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleRheologica Acta
AbbreviationRheol. Acta
ISSN (print)0035-4511
ISSN (online)1435-1528
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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