How to format your references using the Rheologica Acta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rheologica Acta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chambers RG (2004) Obituary: David Shoenberg (1911-2004). Nature 428:613
A journal article with 2 authors
Lasaga AC, Luttge A (2001) Variation of crystal dissolution rate based on a dissolution stepwave model. Science 291:2400–2404
A journal article with 3 authors
Dong J, Yang G, McHaourab HS (2005) Structural basis of energy transduction in the transport cycle of MsbA. Science 308:1023–1028
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Takahashi T, Sutherland SC, Feely RA, Cosca CE (2003) Decadal variation of the surface water PCO2 in the western and central equatorial Pacific. Science 302:852–856

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nordenström J (2012) The Hunt for the Parathyroids. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford
An edited book
Bruszt L, Holzhacker R (eds) (2009) The Transnationalization of Economies, States, and Civil Societies: New Challenges for Governance in Europe, 1st edn. Springer US, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Powsner S (2015) Psychiatric Consultation in the Emergency Setting. In: Leigh H, Streltzer J (eds) Handbook of Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 39–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rheologica Acta.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) How Female Parasitoid Wasps Pick Their Caterpillar Victims. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972) Improving the Acquisition of Computer Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gruhl DK (2010) Santa Rosa Adopt-A-Grandparent Plus program: A grant proposal project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tate J (2017) The Afterlife. New York Times MM17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chambers 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Lasaga and Luttge 2001; Chambers 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lasaga and Luttge 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Takahashi et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleRheologica Acta
AbbreviationRheol. Acta
ISSN (print)0035-4511
ISSN (online)1435-1528
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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