How to format your references using the Rheologica Acta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rheologica Acta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Forde A (2005) The class of 2005: Germany. Tracking pollutants. Science 310:521
A journal article with 2 authors
Giovannoni SJ, Vergin KL (2012) Seasonality in ocean microbial communities. Science 335:671–676
A journal article with 3 authors
Werlen G, Hausmann B, Palmer E (2000) A motif in the alphabeta T-cell receptor controls positive selection by modulating ERK activity. Nature 406:422–426
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu A, Ren X, An M, et al (2014) A combined theoretical and experimental study for silver electroplating. Sci Rep 4:3837

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Söchting I (2014) Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, UK
An edited book
Elhanany I, Hamdi M (eds) (2007) High-performance Packet Switching Architectures. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Cheli F, Diana G (2015) Introduction to the Finite Element Method. In: Diana G (ed) Advanced Dynamics of Mechanical Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 311–412

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rheologica Acta.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) We Now Have All The New Horizons Data From Pluto. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Commercial Space Launches: FAA Should Update How It Assesses Federal Liability Risk. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Daly KM (2008) Cinema 3.0: How digital and computer technologies are changing cinema. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M (2017) Bernadette Peters To Join ‘Hello, Dolly!’ New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Forde 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Forde 2005; Giovannoni and Vergin 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Giovannoni and Vergin 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleRheologica Acta
AbbreviationRheol. Acta
ISSN (print)0035-4511
ISSN (online)1435-1528
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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