How to format your references using the Frontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van Leeuwen, J. L. (2010). Plant science. Launched at 36,000g. Science 329, 395–396.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rogers, G., and Dragert, H. (2003). Episodic tremor and slip on the Cascadia subduction zone: the chatter of silent slip. Science 300, 1942–1943.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lambeck, K., Esat, T. M., and Potter, E.-K. (2002). Links between climate and sea levels for the past three million years. Nature 419, 199–206.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ling, K., Doughman, R. L., Firestone, A. J., Bunce, M. W., and Anderson, R. A. (2002). Type I gamma phosphatidylinositol phosphate kinase targets and regulates focal adhesions. Nature 420, 89–93.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McBee, J. (2009). Mastering Microsoft® Exchange Server 2007 SP1. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Resch, M., Bönisch, T., Benkert, K., Bez, W., Furui, T., and Seo, Y. eds. (2006). High Performance Computing on Vector Systems: Proceedings of the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart, March 2005. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Holbrow, C. H., Lloyd, J. N., Amato, J. C., Galvez, E., and Parks, M. E. (2010). “Hard-Sphere Atoms,” in Modern Introductory Physics, eds. J. N. Lloyd, J. C. Amato, E. Galvez, and M. E. Parks (New York, NY: Springer), 109–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016). Could Dark Energy Contribute To The Arrow Of Time? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). Space Shuttle: NASA Faces Challenges in Its Attempt to Achieve Planned Flight Rates. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gandarilla, A. H. (2009). Family preservation: A content analysis of literature.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1998). The Magical Mystery Block. New York Times, 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van Leeuwen, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Rogers and Dragert, 2003; van Leeuwen, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rogers and Dragert, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Ling et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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