How to format your references using the Frontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Helliwell, J. R. (2013). Biochemistry. How to solve protein structures with an X-ray laser. Science 339, 146–147.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Brien, S. J., and Murphy, W. J. (2003). Genomics. A dog’s breakfast? Science 301, 1854–1855.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mora, C., Rollo, A., and Tittensor, D. P. (2013). Comment on “Can we name Earth’s species before they go extinct?” Science 341, 237.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Matsuura, K., Vargo, E. L., Kawatsu, K., Labadie, P. E., Nakano, H., Yashiro, T., et al. (2009). Queen succession through asexual reproduction in termites. Science 323, 1687.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reiman, J. (2012). As Free and as Just as Possible. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Vande Wouwer, A. (2014). Simulation of ODE/PDE Models with MATLAB®, OCTAVE and SCILAB: Scientific and Engineering Applications. , eds. P. Saucez and C. Vilas Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Long, D. M. (2012). “Memories of Victor McKusick,” in Victor McKusick and the History of Medical Genetics, eds. K. R. Dronamraju and C. A. Francomano (New York, NY: Springer), 39–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). How Long Have HIV’s Ancestors Been Infecting Primates? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994). Army Aviation: Modernization Strategy Needs to Be Reassessed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Akers, K. (2017). The Impact of Work-Family Conflict, Gender, and Family-Friendly Policies on Organizational Attractiveness and Job Pursuit Intentions.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dinardo, K. (2015). Deborah Davis on Andy Warhol and Driving Route 66. New York Times, TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Helliwell, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (O’Brien and Murphy, 2003; Helliwell, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Brien and Murphy, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Matsuura et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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