How to format your references using the Frontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van den Heuvel, E. P. J. (2006). Astronomy. Pulsar magnetospheres and pulsar death. Science 312, 539–540.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kiatpongsan, S., and Sipp, D. (2009). Medicine. Monitoring and regulating offshore stem cell clinics. Science 323, 1564–1565.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prahlad, V., Cornelius, T., and Morimoto, R. I. (2008). Regulation of the cellular heat shock response in Caenorhabditis elegans by thermosensory neurons. Science 320, 811–814.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Janecka, J. E., Miller, W., Pringle, T. H., Wiens, F., Zitzmann, A., Helgen, K. M., et al. (2007). Molecular and genomic data identify the closest living relative of primates. Science 318, 792–794.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartlett, D., Moody, S., and Kindersley, K. (2010). Dyslexia in the Workplace. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Panguluri, S. K., and Kumar, A. A. eds. (2013). Phenotyping for Plant Breeding: Applications of Phenotyping Methods for Crop Improvement. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Berkovskiy, V., and Voitsekhovich, O. V. (2007). “Population Dose Estimate Due to Aquatic Pathways,” in Chernobyl – What Have We Learned?: The Successes and Failures to Mitigate Water Contamination over 20 Years Environmental Pollution., eds. Y. Onishi, O. V. Voitsekhovich, and M. J. Zheleznyak (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 87–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Why The Drugs Market Isn’t Working And What We Can Do To Fix It. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Information Technology Workers: Employment and Starting Salaries. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mier, L. M. (2012). Monitoring Electron Transfer Reactions using Ultrafast UV-Visible and Infrared Spectroscopy.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2016). On the Stage, Aim for Special, but Not for Safe. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van den Heuvel, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (van den Heuvel, 2006; Kiatpongsan and Sipp, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kiatpongsan and Sipp, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Janecka et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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