How to format your references using the Frontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lloyd, S. (2008). Quantum information matters. Science 319, 1209–1211.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deng, M., and Hochstrasser, M. (2006). Spatially regulated ubiquitin ligation by an ER/nuclear membrane ligase. Nature 443, 827–831.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hayden, B. Y., Pearson, J. M., and Platt, M. L. (2009). Fictive reward signals in the anterior cingulate cortex. Science 324, 948–950.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Naqvi, N. H., Rudrauf, D., Damasio, H., and Bechara, A. (2007). Damage to the insula disrupts addiction to cigarette smoking. Science 315, 531–534.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kramer-Moore, D., and Moore, M. (2012). Destructive Myths in Family Therapy. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Lichtfouse, E., Schwarzbauer, J., and Robert, D. eds. (2013). Green Materials for Energy, Products and Depollution. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, X., and Gao, S. (2012). “Effects of Sea Surface Temperature,” in Precipitation Modeling and Quantitative Analysis, ed. S. Gao (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 111–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016). This Neat Animation Shows What 50 Years Of Volcanic Eruptions and Earthquakes Looks Like. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017). Data Center Optimization: Agencies Need to Complete Plans to Address Inconsistencies in Reported Savings. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Payan Venegas, R. (2012). Factors associated with the lack of a regular health care provider for Latinos: Consequences and reasons.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kalogerakis, G. (2017). More Change At Charlotte And Wilbur’s. New York Times, C13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lloyd, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Deng and Hochstrasser, 2006; Lloyd, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Deng and Hochstrasser, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Naqvi et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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