How to format your references using the Frontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowles, S. (2008). Being human: Conflict: Altruism’s midwife. Nature 456, 326–327.
A journal article with 2 authors
McGuire, J. J., and Beroza, G. C. (2012). Geophysics. A rogue earthquake off Sumatra. Science 336, 1118–1119.
A journal article with 3 authors
Balazs, A. C., Emrick, T., and Russell, T. P. (2006). Nanoparticle polymer composites: where two small worlds meet. Science 314, 1107–1110.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gur, I., Fromer, N. A., Geier, M. L., and Alivisatos, A. P. (2005). Air-stable all-inorganic nanocrystal solar cells processed from solution. Science 310, 462–465.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Summerhayes, S. D. (2016). CDM Regulations 2015 Procedures Manual. Chichester, UK: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Rozenblat, C., and Melançon, G. eds. (2013). Methods for Multilevel Analysis and Visualisation of Geographical Networks. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Füss, R., Kaiser, D. G., and Adams, Z. (2016). “Value at Risk, GARCH Modelling and the Forecasting of Hedge Fund Return Volatility,” in Derivatives and Hedge Funds Working Paper, Federal Reserve Bank of New York., ed. S. Satchell (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK), 91–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). Small Birds are Scared Off by Fake Owl Eyes on Butterfly Wings. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007). Health Information Technology: Early Efforts Initiated but Comprehensive Privacy Approach Needed for National Strategy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wester, A. M. (2013). Readers’ trust, socio-demographic, and acuity influences in citizen journalism credibility for disrupted online newspapers.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J. (2016). Views Conflict on Exxon Mobil’s Ties to Those Who Reject Climate Science. New York Times, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bowles, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bowles, 2008; McGuire and Beroza, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McGuire and Beroza, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Gur et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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