How to format your references using the Frontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Figer, D. F. (2014). Astrophysics: Monster star found hiding in plain sight. Nature 515, 42–44.
A journal article with 2 authors
del Giorgio, P. A., and Duarte, C. M. (2002). Respiration in the open ocean. Nature 420, 379–384.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mohr, J. T., Krout, M. R., and Stoltz, B. M. (2008). Natural products as inspiration for the development of asymmetric catalysis. Nature 455, 323–332.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lahann, J., Mitragotri, S., Tran, T.-N., Kaido, H., Sundaram, J., Choi, I. S., et al. (2003). A reversibly switching surface. Science 299, 371–374.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zepernick, H.-J., and Finger, A. (2005). Pseudo Random Signal Processing. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons Ltd,.
An edited book
Vieira, B. C., Salgado, A. A. R., and Santos, L. J. C. eds. (2015). Landscapes and Landforms of Brazil. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Lipani, A., Piroi, F., Andersson, L., and Hanbury, A. (2014). “An Information Retrieval Ontology for Information Retrieval Nanopublications,” in Information Access Evaluation. Multilinguality, Multimodality, and Interaction: 5th International Conference of the CLEF Initiative, CLEF 2014, Sheffield, UK, September 15-18, 2014. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. E. Kanoulas, M. Lupu, P. Clough, M. Sanderson, M. Hall, A. Hanbury, et al. (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 44–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Mummy CT Scans Show That Pharaohs Were Misdiagnosed. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979). Programming Guide to Version 6.0 of Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vidal, E. M. (2014). Alcohol disorder with hip or knee surgery: Postoperative alcohol disorder-related costs and length of stay.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L. F. (2006). Cupid With a Dark Side. New York Times, 14LI7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Figer, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (del Giorgio and Duarte, 2002; Figer, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (del Giorgio and Duarte, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Lahann et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Inflammation Pharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

Other styles