How to format your references using the Food Packaging and Shelf Life citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Packaging and Shelf Life. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kowalchuk, G. A. (2012). Ecology. Bad news for soil carbon sequestration? Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6098), 1049–1050.
A journal article with 2 authors
Remy, J.-J., & Hobert, O. (2005). An interneuronal chemoreceptor required for olfactory imprinting in C. elegans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5735), 787–790.
A journal article with 3 authors
Storch, D., Marquet, P. A., & Gaston, K. J. (2005). Ecology. Untangling an entangled bank. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5710), 684–686.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, J. T., Shi, X. L., Liu, W. W., Zhong, X. H., Wang, J. N., Pyrah, L., Sanderson, K. D., Ramsey, P. M., Hirata, M., & Tsuri, K. (2014). Influence of preferred orientation on the electrical conductivity of fluorine-doped tin oxide films. Scientific Reports, 4, 3679.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van der Heide, P. (2014). Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yamanouchi, K., Giulietti, A., & Ledingham, K. (Eds.). (2010). Progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science: Volume V (Vol. 98). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Öchsner, A., & Merkel, M. (2013). Bending Element. In M. Merkel (Ed.), One-Dimensional Finite Elements: An Introduction to the FE Method (pp. 57–110). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Packaging and Shelf Life.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, June 6). Here’s What Could Happen To Earth Over The Next 500 Years If We Ignore Climate Change. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Aviation Safety: FAA Action Plan for Chicago O’Hare International Airport (RCED-89-114). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayner, S. W. (2017). Transformational leadership and organizational change during agile and devops initiatives [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, January 30). Working Toward a Sunny Version of ‘Jurassic Park.’ New York Times, C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kowalchuk, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kowalchuk, 2012; Remy & Hobert, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Remy & Hobert, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Storch et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Packaging and Shelf Life
AbbreviationFood Packag. Shelf Life
ISSN (print)2214-2894
ScopeFood Science
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Polymers and Plastics
Microbiology (medical)

Other styles