How to format your references using the Food Packaging and Shelf Life citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Packaging and Shelf Life. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Montgomery, M. H. (2008). Astronomy. The pulse of distant stars. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5901), 536–537.
A journal article with 2 authors
Budd, A. F., & Pandolfi, J. M. (2010). Evolutionary novelty is concentrated at the edge of coral species distributions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5985), 1558–1561.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gebelein, B., McKay, D. J., & Mann, R. S. (2004). Direct integration of Hox and segmentation gene inputs during Drosophila development. Nature, 431(7009), 653–659.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sundar, L. S., Singh, M. K., Ramana, E. V., Singh, B., Grácio, J., & Sousa, A. C. M. (2014). Enhanced thermal conductivity and viscosity of nanodiamond-nickel nanocomposite nanofluids. Scientific Reports, 4, 4039.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bech, S., & Zacharov, N. (2006). Perceptual Audio Evaluation-Theory, Method and Application. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Das, V. V., Vijayakumar, R., Debnath, N. C., Stephen, J., Meghanathan, N., Sankaranarayanan, S., Thankachan, P. M., Gaol, F. L., & Thankachan, N. (Eds.). (2010). Information Processing and Management: International Conference on Recent Trends in Business Administration and Information Processing, BAIP 2010, Trivandrum, Kerala, India, March 26-27, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 70). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ren, S., Wang, D., & Wang, H. (2011). Research on Business Risk Assessment Model of City Commercial Banks Based on Grey System Theory. In J. Zhang (Ed.), Applied Informatics and Communication: International Conference, ICAIC 2011, Xi’an, China, August 20-21, 2011, Proceedings, Part V (pp. 30–37). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Packaging and Shelf Life.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 27). Regrowing Limbs: Fossils Reveal Ancient Secrets Of Salamander Ancestors. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Industrial Policy: Case Studies in the Japanese Experience (ID-83-11). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, M. (2015). Opprobrious Identities: The Enslaving Effect of Black Respectability on Queer Black Men [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski, S. (2016, June 8). 왜 영재반에서는 흑인과 히스패닉 학생을 보기 힘들까? New York Times, BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Montgomery, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Budd & Pandolfi, 2010; Montgomery, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Budd & Pandolfi, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Gebelein et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sundar et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Packaging and Shelf Life
AbbreviationFood Packag. Shelf Life
ISSN (print)2214-2894
ScopeFood Science
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Polymers and Plastics
Microbiology (medical)

Other styles