How to format your references using the Food Packaging and Shelf Life citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Packaging and Shelf Life. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q. (2008). Catalonian powerhouse. Nature, 454(7201), 248–249.
A journal article with 2 authors
Henikoff, S., & Malik, H. S. (2002). Centromeres: selfish drivers. Nature, 417(6886), 227.
A journal article with 3 authors
Singh, R., Jamieson, A., & Cresswell, P. (2008). GILT is a critical host factor for Listeria monocytogenes infection. Nature, 455(7217), 1244–1247.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bhargava, V., Ko, P., Willems, E., Mercola, M., & Subramaniam, S. (2013). Quantitative transcriptomics using designed primer-based amplification. Scientific Reports, 3, 1740.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kassapoglou, C. (2015). Modeling the Effect of Damage in Composite Structures. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bojarski, B., Mishchenko, A. S., Troitsky, E. V., & Weber, A. (Eds.). (2006). C*-algebras and Elliptic Theory. Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Roy, P. H. (2009). Genetic Mechanisms of Transfer of Drug Resistance. In D. L. Mayers (Ed.), Antimicrobial Drug Resistance: Mechanisms of Drug Resistance (pp. 53–64). Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Packaging and Shelf Life.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, January 16). Prospects Revived For Life Around Low-Mass Stars. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Higher Education: Experts Cited a Range of Requirements as Burdensome (GAO-13-371). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kingston, S. E. (2012). Genome-wide analysis of divergence and introgression in towhee hybrid zones [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, April 29). A Cosmic Comeuppance for the Dodgers. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Henikoff & Malik, 2002; Schiermeier, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Henikoff & Malik, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Singh et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bhargava et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Packaging and Shelf Life
AbbreviationFood Packag. Shelf Life
ISSN (print)2214-2894
ScopeFood Science
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Polymers and Plastics
Microbiology (medical)

Other styles