How to format your references using the Food Packaging and Shelf Life citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Packaging and Shelf Life. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martin, A. (2012). Oceans.The seasonal smorgasbord of the seas. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6090), 46–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Appavoo, K., & Haglund, R. F., Jr. (2014). Polarization selective phase-change nanomodulator. Scientific Reports, 4, 6771.
A journal article with 3 authors
Raviv, U., Laurat, P., & Klein, J. (2001). Fluidity of water confined to subnanometre films. Nature, 413(6851), 51–54.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Smirnova, O., Mairesse, Y., Patchkovskii, S., Dudovich, N., Villeneuve, D., Corkum, P., & Ivanov, M. Y. (2009). High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules. Nature, 460(7258), 972–977.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lehr, J., & Ron, P. (2017). Foundations of Pulsed Power Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Koenig, H. G. (2014). Health and Well-Being in Islamic Societies: Background, Research, and Applications (S. A. Shohaib, Ed.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Cawston, S., & Vostrikova, L. (2014). An f-Divergence Approach for Optimal Portfolios in Exponential Lévy Models. In Y. Kabanov, M. Rutkowski, & T. Zariphopoulou (Eds.), Inspired by Finance: The Musiela Festschrift (pp. 83–101). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Packaging and Shelf Life.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, April 26). Deer Oh Deer – A Baby That Fits In the Palm Of Your Hand. IFLScience; IFLScience.–-baby-fits-palm-your-hand/


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Update on the Readiness of the Social Security Administration (T-AIMD-99-90). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jernigan, M. B. (2013). Use of uprooted invasive buffelgrass (Pennisetum ciliare ) parent plants as thatch to reduce progeny seedling emergence [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, April 30). Saves Bring Paydays, but Their Value Is Subject to Debate. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Martin, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Appavoo & Haglund, 2014; Martin, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Appavoo & Haglund, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Raviv et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Smirnova et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Packaging and Shelf Life
AbbreviationFood Packag. Shelf Life
ISSN (print)2214-2894
ScopeFood Science
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Polymers and Plastics
Microbiology (medical)

Other styles