How to format your references using the Environment Systems and Decisions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environment Systems and Decisions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kojevnikov A (2007) Russian science: the little ball made science bigger. Nature 449:542
A journal article with 2 authors
Meehl GA, Tebaldi C (2004) More intense, more frequent, and longer lasting heat waves in the 21st century. Science 305:994–997
A journal article with 3 authors
Taniyasu Y, Kasu M, Makimoto T (2006) An aluminium nitride light-emitting diode with a wavelength of 210 nanometres. Nature 441:325–328
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Matsuzawa A, Tseng P-H, Vallabhapurapu S, et al (2008) Essential cytoplasmic translocation of a cytokine receptor-assembled signaling complex. Science 321:663–668

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dudbridge M (2016) Handbook of Seal Integrity in the Food Industry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Shafique M (2011) Hardware/Software Architectures for Low-Power Embedded Multimedia Systems. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Varekamp JC (2015) The Chemical Composition and Evolution of Volcanic Lakes. In: Rouwet D, Christenson B, Tassi F, Vandemeulebrouck J (eds) Volcanic Lakes. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 93–123

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environment Systems and Decisions.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) The Evidence Of Early Human Life In Australia’s Arid Interior. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/the-evidence-of-early-human-life-in-australias-arid-interior/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Space Project Testing: Uniform Policies and Added Controls Would Strengthen Testing Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harvey SL (2012) From “The Man With the Hoe” to “Tobacco Road”: Class, Poverty and Religion and the Southern Tenant Farmers’ Union. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Strauss B (2016) In Baltimore, This Song Is Their Song. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kojevnikov 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Meehl and Tebaldi 2004; Kojevnikov 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meehl and Tebaldi 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Matsuzawa et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironment Systems and Decisions
AbbreviationEnviron. Syst. Decis.
ISSN (print)2194-5403
ISSN (online)2194-5411
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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