How to format your references using the Reviews of Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reviews of Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keller, U. (2003). Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers. Nature, 424(6950), 831–838.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jasny, B. R., & Zahn, L. M. (2011). Genome-sequencing anniversary. A celebration of the genome, part I. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6017), 546.
A journal article with 3 authors
Solomon, B. R., Hyder, M. N., & Varanasi, K. K. (2014). Separating oil-water nanoemulsions using flux-enhanced hierarchical membranes. Scientific Reports, 4, 5504.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Spengler, D., van Roermund, H. L. M., Drury, M. R., Ottolini, L., Mason, P. R. D., & Davies, G. R. (2006). Deep origin and hot melting of an Archaean orogenic peridotite massif in Norway. Nature, 440(7086), 913–917.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blanchet, G., & Charbit, M. (2015). Digital Signal and Image Processing Using Matlab®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Grøn, Ø. (2011). Einstein’s Theory: A Rigorous Introduction for the Mathematically Untrained. (A. Næss, Ed.) (1st ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Glendell, G. (2010). Training Companion Birds. In I. J. H. Duncan & P. Hawkins (Eds.), The Welfare of Domestic Fowl and Other Captive Birds (pp. 103–113). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reviews of Geophysics.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, January 29). Rare Rain Bomb Filmed In Queensland. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Financial Management: Briefing on the Federal Aviation Administration Property, Plant, and Equipment Accountability Review (No. AIMD-99-208R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Theodore, J. A. (2014). A Framework for Comparative Analysis of Gene Expressions and Mutations Linked to Cancer (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, September 18). She’s Doomed, but No One Is Blameless. New York Times, p. C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keller, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Jasny & Zahn, 2011; Keller, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jasny & Zahn, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Spengler et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleReviews of Geophysics
AbbreviationRev. Geophys.
ISSN (online)1944-9208

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