How to format your references using the Reviews of Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reviews of Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McNally, E. M. (2012). Genetics: broken giant linked to heart failure. Nature, 483(7389), 281–282.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sugita, M., & Shiba, Y. (2005). Genetic tracing shows segregation of taste neuronal circuitries for bitter and sweet. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5735), 781–785.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sobolev, A. V., Hofmann, A. W., & Nikogosian, I. K. (2000). Recycled oceanic crust observed in “ghost plagioclase” within the source of Mauna Loa lavas. Nature, 404(6781), 986–990.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hussain, S., Rodriguez-Fernandez, M., Braun, G. B., Doyle, F. J., 3rd, & Ruoslahti, E. (2014). Quantity and accessibility for specific targeting of receptors in tumours. Scientific Reports, 4, 5232.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maji, P., & Pal, S. K. (2012). Rough-Fuzzy Pattern Recognition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Johnson, C. (2013). Forests for the People: The Story of America’s Eastern National Forests. (D. Govatski, Ed.). Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics.
A chapter in an edited book
Torres, A., & Cillóniz, C. (2015). Diagnosis and classification of Pneumonia. In C. Cillóniz (Ed.), Clinical Management of Bacterial Pneumonia (pp. 39–56). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reviews of Geophysics.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, June 28). What’s The Story Behind These Weird Rock Spheres Found In Siberia? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Aviation Safety: FAA Is Considering Changes to Aviation Medical Standards (No. RCED-90-68FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kingston, S. E. (2012). Genome-wide analysis of divergence and introgression in towhee hybrid zones (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Michael Kelly With. (1992, October 9). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Vietnam War; Campaign Focus on Vietnam Reviving Debates of the 60’s. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McNally, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (McNally, 2012; Sugita & Shiba, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sugita & Shiba, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Hussain et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleReviews of Geophysics
AbbreviationRev. Geophys.
ISSN (online)1944-9208

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