How to format your references using the Reviews of Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reviews of Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Militzer, M. (2002). Materials science. A synchrotron look at steel. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5595), 975–976.
A journal article with 2 authors
Makse, H. A., & Kurchan, J. (2002). Testing the thermodynamic approach to granular matter with a numerical model of a decisive experiment. Nature, 415(6872), 614–617.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ciosk, R., DePalma, M., & Priess, J. R. (2006). Translational regulators maintain totipotency in the Caenorhabditis elegans germline. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5762), 851–853.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, G., Liu, X., Lu, H., & Zeng, C. (2014). Graphene plasmonic lens for manipulating energy flow. Scientific Reports, 4, 4073.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Römer, H. (2004). Theoretical Optics. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Camarinha-Matos, L. M., Afsarmanesh, H., & Ollus, M. (Eds.). (2008). Methods and Tools for Collaborative Networked Organizations. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Leckie, F. A., & Bello, D. J. D. (2009). Torsion Members. In F. A. Leckie (Ed.), Strength and Stiffness of Engineering Systems (pp. 1–29). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reviews of Geophysics.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, November 25). The Membranes Covering The Brain Are Loaded With Neuronal Stem Cells. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Railroad Safety: Accident Trends and FRA Safety Programs (No. T-RCED-92-23). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McLean, M. R. (2010). Analyzing the relationship of geographic mobility and institutional prestige to career advancement of women in academic medicine pursuing midcareer-, senior-, or executive-level administrative positions: Implications for career advancement strategies (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Valerian, S. (2013, November 6). The Long-Running Man. New York Times, p. B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Militzer, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Makse & Kurchan, 2002; Militzer, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Makse & Kurchan, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleReviews of Geophysics
AbbreviationRev. Geophys.
ISSN (online)1944-9208

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