How to format your references using the Reviews of Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reviews of Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2005). Out in the cold. Nature, 434(7035), 935.
A journal article with 2 authors
Adkins, J. F., & Pasquero, C. (2004). Ocean science. Deep ocean overturning--then and now. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5699), 1143–1144.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hung, R.-J., Pak, C. W., & Terman, J. R. (2011). Direct redox regulation of F-actin assembly and disassembly by Mical. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6063), 1710–1713.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Koshino, H., Minamoto, T., Yaoi, K., Osaka, M., & Osaka, N. (2014). Coactivation of the Default Mode Network regions and Working Memory Network regions during task preparation. Scientific Reports, 4, 5954.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rouse, W. B. (2016). Universities as Complex Enterprises. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wuerthner, G., Crist, E., & Butler, T. (Eds.). (2015). Protecting the Wild: Parks and Wilderness, the Foundation for Conservation. Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics.
A chapter in an edited book
Kardel, T., & Maquet, P. (2013). 3 In Paris and France 1664-1665. In T. Kardel & P. Maquet (Eds.), Nicolaus Steno: Biography and Original Papers of a 17th Century Scientist (pp. 115–140). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reviews of Geophysics.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, June 7). Germany, Denmark, And Belgium Unite To Increase EU’s Wind Power By 500 Percent. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Status of Project PISCES (No. LCD-77-319). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Herrlich, A. (2010). Transparency and medical interventions in vital statistics reports: Quantitative research and analysis (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, April 17). Lost and Found in a Magic Tale of Nomads. New York Times, p. C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Adkins & Pasquero, 2004; Smaglik, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Adkins & Pasquero, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Koshino et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleReviews of Geophysics
AbbreviationRev. Geophys.
ISSN (online)1944-9208

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