How to format your references using the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2002) Building Nordic networks. Nature 420:A3, A5, A7
A journal article with 2 authors
Reinhard CT, Planavsky NJ (2011) Mineralogical constraints on Precambrian pCO2. Nature 474:E1-2; discussion E4-5
A journal article with 3 authors
Mace KA, Pearson JC, McGinnis W (2005) An epidermal barrier wound repair pathway in Drosophila is mediated by grainy head. Science 308:381–385
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mazzali PA, Deng J, Nomoto K, et al (2006) A neutron-star-driven X-ray flash associated with supernova SN 2006aj. Nature 442:1018–1020

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCurley L (2016) Professional Rope Access. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Ajmone Marsan M, Bianchi G, Listanti M, Meo M (eds) (2005) Quality of Service in Multiservice IP Networks: Third International Workshop, QoS-IP 2005, Catania, Italy, February 2-4, 2004, Catania, Italy, February 2-4, 2004. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Gürses A, Açıkyıldız M, Güneş K, Gürses MS (2016) Dyeing and Dyeing Technology. In: Açıkyıldız M, Güneş K, Gürses MS (eds) Dyes and Pigments. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 47–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) EdX To Offer Free Advanced Placement Courses For High Schoolers. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Department of Education: Guaranteed Student Loan Program Vulnerabilities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grace J (2017) A Correlational Study of the Relationship Between TEAS V and Success in Licensed Practical Nursing Students. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick SM (2015) Prepared Foods With Panache. New York Times LI9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2002; Reinhard and Planavsky 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reinhard and Planavsky 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Mazzali et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleReviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
ISSN (print)0179-5953

Other styles