How to format your references using the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pearce JM (2012) Materials science. Building research equipment with free, open-source hardware. Science 337:1303–1304
A journal article with 2 authors
Cichon J, Gan W-B (2015) Branch-specific dendritic Ca(2+) spikes cause persistent synaptic plasticity. Nature 520:180–185
A journal article with 3 authors
Narayan V, Ramaswamy S, Menon N (2007) Long-lived giant number fluctuations in a swarming granular nematic. Science 317:105–108
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang JZ, Mordy CW, Gordon LI, et al (2000) Temporal trends in deep ocean redfield ratios. Science 289:1839a

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Radwanska M, Stankiewicz A, Wosatko A, Pamin J (2017) Plate and Shell Structures. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Dudin A, Turck KD (eds) (2013) Analytical and Stochastic Modeling Techniques and Applications: 20th International Conference, ASMTA 2013, Ghent, Belgium, July 8-10, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Mayor G, Recasens J (2010) Finitely Valued Indistinguishability Operators. In: Hüllermeier E, Kruse R, Hoffmann F (eds) Computational Intelligence for Knowledge-Based Systems Design: 13th International Conference on Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty, IPMU 2010, Dortmund, Germany, June 28 - July 2, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 39–48

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Muscle Engineered To Respond To Light. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/muscle-engineered-respond-light/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Supercomputing in Industry. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adrian DE (2009) School scheduling models and the achievement of at-risk students: A causal-comparative study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Benanav M (2017) A Way of Life, Fading Away. New York Times TR8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pearce 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Pearce 2012; Cichon and Gan 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cichon and Gan 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleReviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
ISSN (print)0179-5953
Scope

Other styles