How to format your references using the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith C (2004) Getting up speed. Nature 428:229
A journal article with 2 authors
Singh BP, Cowie AL (2014) Long-term influence of biochar on native organic carbon mineralisation in a low-carbon clayey soil. Sci Rep 4:3687
A journal article with 3 authors
Silva-Santos B, Pennington DJ, Hayday AC (2005) Lymphotoxin-mediated regulation of gammadelta cell differentiation by alphabeta T cell progenitors. Science 307:925–928
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dyall SD, Yan W, Delgadillo-Correa MG, et al (2004) Non-mitochondrial complex I proteins in a hydrogenosomal oxidoreductase complex. Nature 431:1103–1107

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Niles JD (2016) Old English Literature. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Citti G (2015) Harmonic and Geometric Analysis. Springer, Basel
A chapter in an edited book
Scattolin N, Zanolla S, Rodà A, Canazza S (2013) SoundingARM Assisted Representation of a Map. In: Bosse T, Cook DJ, Neerincx M, Sadri F (eds) Human Aspects in Ambient Intelligence: Contemporary Challenges and Solutions. Atlantis Press, Paris, pp 73–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Tiny 3D-Printed Microbots Could Be Used As A Drug Delivery System. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Security: Breaches at Federal Agencies and Airports. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulido BB (2015) Homes as grounding counterspaces: Mexicana undocumented students utilizing mother-daughter pedagogies of resistance to succeed in higher education. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM, Koblin J (2017) For Fox News, Life After Bill O’Reilly Will Feature Tucker Carlson. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smith 2004; Singh and Cowie 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Singh and Cowie 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Dyall et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleReviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
ISSN (print)0179-5953
Scope

Other styles