How to format your references using the Invertebrate Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Invertebrate Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bucksbaum PH (2004) Applied physics. X-ray movies of wiggling crystals. Science 306:1691–1692
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang W, Yuan D (2014) Mesoporous carbon originated from non-permanent porous MOFs for gas storage and CO2/CH4 separation. Sci Rep 4:5711
A journal article with 3 authors
Hubbell JA, Thomas SN, Swartz MA (2009) Materials engineering for immunomodulation. Nature 462:449–460
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kunishima N, Shimada Y, Tsuji Y, et al (2000) Structural basis of glutamate recognition by a dimeric metabotropic glutamate receptor. Nature 407:971–977

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voldman SH (2006) ESD. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Zarate CA Jr, Manji HK (eds) (2016) Bipolar Depression: Molecular Neurobiology, Clinical Diagnosis, and Pharmacotherapy, 2nd ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Yoshimura K, Doi Y, Kimura M (2015) Localized Modes in Nonlinear Discrete Systems. In: Ohtsu M, Yatsui T (eds) Progress in Nanophotonics 3. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 119–166

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Invertebrate Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Watch The Catastrophic Explosion Of The Antares Rocket From The Launch Pad. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) [Comments on Fly America Act Interpretation]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bourgault RR (2008) Multi-scale pedologic investigation of manganiferous soils in the Maryland Piedmont. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter J, Ewing J (2016) E.U. Says It May Sue 4 Countries for Letting VW Sell Polluting Vehicles. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bucksbaum 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Bucksbaum 2004; Wang and Yuan 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Yuan 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kunishima et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInvertebrate Neuroscience
AbbreviationInvert. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1354-2516
ISSN (online)1439-1104
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Developmental Neuroscience

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