How to format your references using the Invertebrate Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Invertebrate Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mellars P (2004) Neanderthals and the modern human colonization of Europe. Nature 432:461–465
A journal article with 2 authors
Wong W, Barlow H (2000) Tunes and templates. Nature 404:952–953
A journal article with 3 authors
Usdin M, Guillerm M, Chirac P (2006) Neglected tests for neglected patients. Nature 441:283–284
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Shiozawa H, Bachmatiuk A, Stangl A, et al (2013) Microscopic insight into the bilateral formation of carbon spirals from a symmetric iron core. Sci Rep 3:1840

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allan D, Bragg N (2012) 802.1aq Shortest Path Bridging Design and Evolution. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Saito T, Stone JH, Nakashima H, et al (eds) (2016) IgG4-Related Kidney Disease. Springer Japan, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
Stec M (2014) Reflective Teaching in an English Primary Classroom. In: Gabryś-Barker D, Wojtaszek A (eds) Studying Second Language Acquisition from a Qualitative Perspective. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 61–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Invertebrate Neuroscience.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Scientist Turn Pancreatic Cancer Cells Into Normal Cells. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Traffic Safety: Improved Reporting and Performance Measures Would Enhance Evaluation of High-Visibility Campaigns. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carter CA (2008) The Panhellenic Project: Assessing learning engagement using Web 2.0 technologies. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu L (2017) Election Influence, Separate and Unequal. New York Times A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mellars 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Wong and Barlow 2000; Mellars 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wong and Barlow 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Shiozawa et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInvertebrate Neuroscience
AbbreviationInvert. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1354-2516
ISSN (online)1439-1104
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Developmental Neuroscience

Other styles