How to format your references using the Invertebrate Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Invertebrate Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowman D (2012) Conservation: Bring elephants to Australia? Nature 482:30
A journal article with 2 authors
Schuster-Böckler B, Lehner B (2012) Chromatin organization is a major influence on regional mutation rates in human cancer cells. Nature 488:504–507
A journal article with 3 authors
Otto SB, Rall BC, Brose U (2007) Allometric degree distributions facilitate food-web stability. Nature 450:1226–1229
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Blakemore C, Dawkins R, Noble D, Yudkin M (2003) Is a scientific boycott ever justified? Nature 421:314

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnett AH, Grice J (2011) New Mechanisms in Glucose Control. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
Sigalov AB (ed) (2008) Multichain Immune Recognition Receptor Signaling: From Spatiotemporal Organization to Human Disease. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Firoozye NB, Ariff F (2016) Probability Applied. In: Ariff F (ed) Managing Uncertainty, Mitigating Risk: Tackling the Unknown in Financial Risk Assessment and Decision Making. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 81–102

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Invertebrate Neuroscience.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Opioid Painkillers May Actually Make You More Sensitive To Pain. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Charter Schools: Federal Funding Available but Barriers Exist. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moody VJ (2012) Examining leadership styles and employee engagement in the public and private sectors. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B Y Robert Kelly;, who teaches at Bard College, is a Poet Whose, et al (1986) A LOVE AFFAIR WITH SILENCE. New York Times 721

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bowman 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bowman 2012; Schuster-Böckler and Lehner 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schuster-Böckler and Lehner 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Blakemore et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInvertebrate Neuroscience
AbbreviationInvert. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1354-2516
ISSN (online)1439-1104
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Developmental Neuroscience

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