How to format your references using the Invertebrate Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Invertebrate Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston D (2012) Time to stop relying on things past. Nature 492:313
A journal article with 2 authors
Cruz M, Coontz R (2013) Exoplanets. Alien worlds galore. Introduction. Science 340:565
A journal article with 3 authors
Deitsch KW, Calderwood MS, Wellems TE (2001) Malaria. Cooperative silencing elements in var genes. Nature 412:875–876
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Manke IA, Lowery DM, Nguyen A, Yaffe MB (2003) BRCT repeats as phosphopeptide-binding modules involved in protein targeting. Science 302:636–639

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnston D (2011) A Brief History of Justice. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Adams VR, Burke TG (eds) (2005) Camptothecins in Cancer Therapy. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
Coenen C (2010) Deliberating Visions: The Case of Human Enhancement in the Discourse on Nanotechnology and Convergence. In: Kaiser M, Kurath M, Maasen S, Rehmann-Sutter C (eds) Governing Future Technologies: Nanotechnology and the Rise of an Assessment Regime. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 73–87

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Invertebrate Neuroscience.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Tiny Cousin of Diplodocus found in South America. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) University Funding: Information on the Role of Peer Review at NSF and NIH. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Griffin MG (2008) The lived experience of first line managers during planned organizational change: A phenomenological study of one firm in the residential construction industry. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2016) Everyday Minutia, and Where It Leads. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Goldston 2012; Cruz and Coontz 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cruz and Coontz 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Manke et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInvertebrate Neuroscience
AbbreviationInvert. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1354-2516
ISSN (online)1439-1104
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Developmental Neuroscience

Other styles