How to format your references using the IET Electrical Systems in Transportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Electrical Systems in Transportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bobrow, M.: ‘Balancing privacy with public benefit’Nature, 2013, 500, (7461), p. 123.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gebbers, R., Adamchuk, V.I.: ‘Precision agriculture and food security’Science, 2010, 327, (5967), pp. 828–831.
A journal article with 3 authors
Navarro-González, R., McKay, C.P., Mvondo, D.N.: ‘A possible nitrogen crisis for Archaean life due to reduced nitrogen fixation by lightning’Nature, 2001, 412, (6842), pp. 61–64.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Weinstein, J.A., Jiang, N., White, R.A., 3rd, Fisher, D.S., Quake, S.R.: ‘High-throughput sequencing of the zebrafish antibody repertoire’Science, 2009, 324, (5928), pp. 807–810.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhurin, V.V.: ‘Industrial Ion Sources’ (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2011)
An edited book
AbuRahma, A.F., Bergan, J.J. (Eds.): ‘Noninvasive Peripheral Arterial Diagnosis’ (Springer, 2010, 1st edn.)
A chapter in an edited book
Gomes, J.F.S., Leta, F.R., Costa, P.B., Baldner, F. de O.: ‘Important Parameters for Image Color Analysis: An Overview’, in Rodrigues Leta, F. (Ed.): ‘Visual Computing: Scientific Visualization and Imaging Systems’ (Springer, 2014), pp. 81–96

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Electrical Systems in Transportation.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: ‘Tiny Vampires In Ancient Seas Sucked The Insides Out Of Their Prey’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Aviation Safety: FAA’s New Inspection System Offers Promise, but Problems Need to Be Addressed’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1999)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pittsinger, R.F.: ‘The effect of a single bout of surfing on exercise-induced affect’. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: ‘Home Runs And Demons For Hamilton And Mantle’New York Times, 2010, p. D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Electrical Systems in Transportation
AbbreviationIET Electr. Syst. Transp.
ISSN (print)2042-9738
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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