How to format your references using the IET Electrical Systems in Transportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Electrical Systems in Transportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glaser, G.: ‘Policy: Base sustainable development goals on science’Nature, 2012, 491, (7422), p. 35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kolodrubetz, M.H., Petta, J.R.: ‘Applied physics. Coherent holes in a semiconductor quantum dot’Science, 2009, 325, (5936), pp. 42–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arash, B., Wang, Q., Varadan, V.K.: ‘Mechanical properties of carbon nanotube/polymer composites’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 6479.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Einsle, O., Tezcan, F.A., Andrade, S.L.A., et al.: ‘Nitrogenase MoFe-protein at 1.16 A resolution: a central ligand in the FeMo-cofactor’Science, 2002, 297, (5587), pp. 1696–1700.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nicholls, D.L., Piergrossi, J.C., Gibertoni, C. de S., Daniel, M.A.: ‘Psychoanalytic Thinking in Occupational Therapy’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013)
An edited book
Ginat, D.T., Freitag, S.K. (Eds.): ‘Post-treatment Imaging of the Orbit’ (Springer, 2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Ki, D.-H., Jung, Y.-D.: ‘Atomic Processes in Dusty Plasmas’, in Shevelko, V., Tawara, H. (Eds.): ‘Atomic Processes in Basic and Applied Physics’ (Springer, 2012), pp. 103–121

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Electrical Systems in Transportation.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: ‘NASA To Investigate Microgravity Effect On Astronauts’ Balance’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Social Security Numbers: Internet Resellers Provide Few Full SSNs, but Congress Should Consider Enacting Standards for Truncating SSNs’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2006)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ge, Z.: ‘Link performance analysis of disaster monitoring system’. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M.M.: ‘This Time, Approval Seems Likely in Fiat Chrysler Workers’ Contract Vote’New York Times, 2015, p. B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Electrical Systems in Transportation
AbbreviationIET Electr. Syst. Transp.
ISSN (print)2042-9738
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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