How to format your references using the IET Electrical Systems in Transportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Electrical Systems in Transportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell, K.: ‘Stipend survival’Nature, 2004, 428, (6978), pp. 102–103.
A journal article with 2 authors
Remondes, M., Schuman, E.M.: ‘Direct cortical input modulates plasticity and spiking in CA1 pyramidal neurons’Nature, 2002, 416, (6882), pp. 736–740.
A journal article with 3 authors
Behn, M.D., Hirth, G., Kelemen, P.B.: ‘Trench-parallel anisotropy produced by foundering of arc lower crust’Science, 2007, 317, (5834), pp. 108–111.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pellikka, M., Tanentzapf, G., Pinto, M., et al.: ‘Crumbs, the Drosophila homologue of human CRB1/RP12, is essential for photoreceptor morphogenesis’Nature, 2002, 416, (6877), pp. 143–149.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silk, R.D., Lintott, J.W.: ‘Managing Foundations and Charitable Trusts’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011)
An edited book
Li, F.: ‘Euclidean Shortest Paths: Exact or Approximate Algorithms’ (Springer, 2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Sokolova, M.V., Fernández Caballero, A.: ‘A Case Study for the DeciMaS Framework’, in Fernández Caballero, A. (Ed.): ‘Decision Making in Complex Systems: The DeciMaS Agent-based Interdisciplinary Framework Approach’ (Springer, 2012), pp. 89–138

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Electrical Systems in Transportation.

Blog post
Fang, J.: ‘Spray-On Solar Power Turns Your Car Roof Into Photovoltaic Cells’, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Changes Needed in the Tax Laws Governing the Exclusion for Scholarships and Fellowships and the Deduction of Job-Related Educational Expenses’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kutash, M.: ‘The Relationship Between Nurses’ Emotional Intelligence and Patient Outcomes’. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chauncey, G.: ‘The Long Road to Marriage Equality’New York Times, 2013, p. A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Electrical Systems in Transportation
AbbreviationIET Electr. Syst. Transp.
ISSN (print)2042-9738
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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