How to format your references using the IET Electrical Systems in Transportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Electrical Systems in Transportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chalmers, M.: ‘Medical research masterclass’Nature, 2014, 514, (7522), p. S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Collins, S., Bell, G.: ‘Phenotypic consequences of 1,000 generations of selection at elevated CO2 in a green alga’Nature, 2004, 431, (7008), pp. 566–569.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grirrane, A., Corma, A., García, H.: ‘Gold-catalyzed synthesis of aromatic azo compounds from anilines and nitroaromatics’Science, 2008, 322, (5908), pp. 1661–1664.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rohling, E.J., Marsh, R., Wells, N.C., Siddall, M., Edwards, N.R.: ‘Similar meltwater contributions to glacial sea level changes from Antarctic and northern ice sheets’Nature, 2004, 430, (7003), pp. 1016–1021.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zadora, G., Martyna, A., Ramos, D., Aitken, C.: ‘Statistical Analysis in Forensic Science’ (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2013)
An edited book
Srinivasan, S.: ‘Thermodiffusion in Multicomponent Mixtures: Thermodynamic, Algebraic, and Neuro-Computing Models’ (Springer, 2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Johnson, M.E.: ‘Dual Sourcing Strategies’, in Lee, H.L., Lee, C.-Y. (Eds.): ‘Building Supply Chain Excellence in Emerging Economies’ (Springer US, 2007), pp. 113–133

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Electrical Systems in Transportation.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: ‘NASA Paid This Guy $18,000 To Lie In A Bed For 70 Days’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Telecommunications: Exposure and Testing Requirements for Mobile Phones Should Be Reassessed’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2012)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simmons-Johnson, N.: ‘The path to graduation: A model interactive Web site design supporting doctoral students’. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S.: ‘Dmitri Dudko, 82, Foe of Stalin Who Recanted and Praised Him’New York Times, 2004, p. C14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Electrical Systems in Transportation
AbbreviationIET Electr. Syst. Transp.
ISSN (print)2042-9738
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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