How to format your references using the IET Electrical Systems in Transportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Electrical Systems in Transportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ghosh, T.: ‘STRETCHABLE ELECTRONICS. Stretch, wrap, and relax to smartness’Science, 2015, 349, (6246), pp. 382–383.
A journal article with 2 authors
Svetlizky, I., Fineberg, J.: ‘Classical shear cracks drive the onset of dry frictional motion’Nature, 2014, 509, (7499), pp. 205–208.
A journal article with 3 authors
Viswanathan, S.R., Daley, G.Q., Gregory, R.I.: ‘Selective blockade of microRNA processing by Lin28’Science, 2008, 320, (5872), pp. 97–100.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cebrian, M., Torres, M.R., Huerta, R., Fowler, J.H.: ‘Violent extremist group ecologies under stress’Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, p. 1544.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Motai Ph.D., Y.: ‘Data-Variant Kernel Analysis’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2015)
An edited book
Nath, V.: ‘Autonomous Military Robotics’ (Springer International Publishing, 2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Yao, S.-S., Huang, N.-J.: ‘Nonconvex Variational Inequalities’, in Han, W., Migórski, S., Sofonea, M. (Eds.): ‘Advances in Variational and Hemivariational Inequalities: Theory, Numerical Analysis, and Applications’ (Springer International Publishing, 2015), pp. 89–108

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Electrical Systems in Transportation.

Blog post
Davis, J.: ‘Copying Rabies Could Provide A New Way To Treat Brain Cancer’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Pipeline Safety and Security: Improved Workforce Planning and Communication Needed’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Avila, R.: ‘Support and Resources for Homeless Families: A Grant Proposal’. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B.: ‘Big Dreams and Ideas in Chicago’New York Times, 2017, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Electrical Systems in Transportation
AbbreviationIET Electr. Syst. Transp.
ISSN (print)2042-9738
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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