How to format your references using the Results in Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Results in Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Schmidt, Cancer: Reshaping the cancer clinic, Nature. 527 (2015) S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. Song, W. Zhang, First-principles study on the phase diagram and multiferroic properties of (SrCoO3)1/(SrTiO3)1 superlattices, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4564.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Gorzelak, E. Głuchowski, M.A. Salamon, Reassessing the improbability of a muscular crinoid stem, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6049.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Liang, J. Li, Y. Liu, J. Zhang, A. Zhang, J. Fu, G. Jiang, PFOS induced lipid metabolism disturbances in BALB/c mice through inhibition of low density lipoproteins excretion, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4582.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS), Supplemental Proceedings, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
D. Schaefer, ed., Product Development in the Socio-sphere: Game Changing Paradigms for 21st Century Breakthrough Product Development and Innovation, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Bu, J. Kim, S. Kim, The Digital Video Frame Obfuscation Method in Consideration of Human Visual System for Intellectual Property Protection and Authentication, in: J.J. (jong H. Park, A. Zomaya, H.-Y. Jeong, M. Obaidat (Eds.), Frontier and Innovation in Future Computing and Communications, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014: pp. 37–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Results in Engineering.

Blog post
J. Fang, How Electric Fish Evolved Shocker of an Organ Six Times, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Improving Federal Performance in the Information Age Issue Area Plan: Fiscal Years 1996-98, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.A. Tillman, Constructing the Concept of Time: Roles of Perception, Language, and Culture, Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Tierney, The Perfect Gift? It’s the One They Asked For, New York Times. (2016) D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResults in Engineering
ISSN (print)2590-1230

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