How to format your references using the Results in Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Results in Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Centola, The spread of behavior in an online social network experiment, Science. 329 (2010) 1194–1197.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. Sneden, J.J. Cowan, Genesis of the heaviest elements in the Milky Way Galaxy, Science. 299 (2003) 70–75.
A journal article with 3 authors
E. Surdutovich, A.V. Yakubovich, A.V. Solov’yov, Biodamage via shock waves initiated by irradiation with ions, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1289.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D.B. Seligson, S. Horvath, T. Shi, H. Yu, S. Tze, M. Grunstein, S.K. Kurdistani, Global histone modification patterns predict risk of prostate cancer recurrence, Nature. 435 (2005) 1262–1266.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.H. Saleh, J.-F. Castet, Spacecraft Reliability and Multi-State Failures, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2011.
An edited book
S. Nautiyal, R. Schaldach, K.V. Raju, H. Kaechele, B. Pritchard, K.S. Rao, eds., Climate Change Challenge (3C) and Social-Economic-Ecological Interface-Building: Exploring Potential Adaptation Strategies for Bio-resource Conservation and Livelihood Development, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Y.H. Yang, A.C. Paquet, Preprocessing Two-Color Spotted Arrays, in: R. Gentleman, V.J. Carey, W. Huber, R.A. Irizarry, S. Dudoit (Eds.), Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Solutions Using R and Bioconductor, Springer, New York, NY, 2005: pp. 49–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Results in Engineering.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Helium Drops Contain Tiny Tornadoes, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Technology Transfer: Copyright Law Constrains Commercialization of Some Federal Software, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.G. Landon, The development of a transitional shelter program for homeless women: A grant proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, No Sawdust, But a Real Pit, New York Times. (2006) NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResults in Engineering
ISSN (print)2590-1230

Other styles