How to format your references using the Results in Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Results in Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Bohannon, Science careers. From greener production to carbon trading: sustainable energy careers, Science. 315 (2007) 868–869.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. Barbi, J.W. Vaupel, Comment on “Inflammatory exposure and historical changes in human life-spans,” Science. 308 (2005) 1743; author reply 1743.
A journal article with 3 authors
Z.W. Pan, Z.R. Dai, Z.L. Wang, Nanobelts of semiconducting oxides, Science. 291 (2001) 1947–1949.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Grujić, C. Gracia-Lázaro, M. Milinski, D. Semmann, A. Traulsen, J.A. Cuesta, Y. Moreno, A. Sánchez, A comparative analysis of spatial Prisoner’s Dilemma experiments: conditional cooperation and payoff irrelevance, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4615.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
I.M. Smith, D.V. Griffiths, L. Margetts, Programming the Finite Element Method, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
S.K. Shukla, J.-P. Talpin, eds., Synthesis of Embedded Software: Frameworks and Methodologies for Correctness by Construction, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
L.C. Levy, C.A. Siegel, State of the Art Medical Treatment of the Adult Patient with IBD: The Mesalamine-Based Therapies, in: R.D. Cohen (Ed.), Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Diagnosis and Therapeutics, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2011: pp. 59–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Results in Chemistry.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Three Ways Organic Electronics Is Changing Technology As We Know It, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, The Centralizing Effects of Austerity on the Intergovernmental System, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T.F. Tambornini, Supportive and subsidized housing solutions for Sonoma County: A grant project, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Hubbard, D. Searcey, N. Casey, As Exxon Head, Tillerson Put Company’s Needs Over U.S. Interests, New York Times. (2016) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResults in Chemistry
ISSN (print)2211-7156

Other styles