How to format your references using the Results in Applied Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Results in Applied Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Horby P. H7N9 is a virus worth worrying about. Nature 2013;496:399.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheng W, Li W. Structural insights into ubiquinone biosynthesis in membranes. Science 2014;343:878–81.
A journal article with 3 authors
Quoidbach J, Gilbert DT, Wilson TD. The end of history illusion. Science 2013;339:96–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Socolich M, Lockless SW, Russ WP, Lee H, Gardner KH, Ranganathan R. Evolutionary information for specifying a protein fold. Nature 2005;437:512–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silvia JE. Dynamic Economic Decision Making. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Gaspar-Cunha A, Henggeler Antunes C, Coello CC, editors. Evolutionary Multi-Criterion Optimization: 8th International Conference, EMO 2015, Guimarães, Portugal, March 29 --April 1, 2015. Proceedings, Part I. vol. 9018. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Farooq U, Marrakchi Z, Mehrez H. Heterogeneous Architectures Exploration Environments. In: Marrakchi Z, Mehrez H, editors. Tree-based Heterogeneous FPGA Architectures: Application Specific Exploration and Optimization, New York, NY: Springer; 2012, p. 85–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Results in Applied Mathematics.

Blog post
Davis J. August Ties With July As The Hottest Month Ever Recorded. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Subcontractor’s Problems With Prime Contractor at Kennedy Space Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wiggins BB. Using Induced Signals to Develop a Position-Sensitive Microchannel Plate Detector. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt MS, Apuzzo M. Comey Didn’t Want to Be Alone With President, He Told Sessions. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResults in Applied Mathematics
ISSN (print)2590-0374

Other styles