How to format your references using the Results in Applied Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Results in Applied Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gupta S. Avoiding ambiguity. Nature 2001;412:589.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson DL, Natland JH. Evidence for mantle plumes? Nature 2007;450:E15; discussion E16.
A journal article with 3 authors
McNamara JM, Barta Z, Houston AI. Variation in behaviour promotes cooperation in the Prisoner’s Dilemma game. Nature 2004;428:745–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Danovaro R, Dell’Anno A, Corinaldesi C, Magagnini M, Noble R, Tamburini C, et al. Major viral impact on the functioning of benthic deep-sea ecosystems. Nature 2008;454:1084–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Douglas J, Noy EA. Building Surveys and Reports. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Perlis ML. Cognitive Behavioral Treatment of Insomnia: A Session-by-Session Guide. New York, NY: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Xieqing W, Chaogang X, Zaiting L, Genquan Z. Catalytic Processes for Light Olefin Production. In: Hsu CS, Robinson PR, editors. Practical Advances in Petroleum Processing, New York, NY: Springer; 2006, p. 149–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Results in Applied Mathematics.

Blog post
Fang J. New Vaccines Could Protect Poultry and Humans from Bird Flu. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Education Grants: Promise Neighborhoods Promotes Collaboration but Needs National Evaluation Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holmgren JL. Instructor responses to rhetorical dissent: Student perceptions of justice and classroom outcomes. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. No Sawdust, But a Real Pit. New York Times 2006:NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResults in Applied Mathematics
ISSN (print)2590-0374

Other styles