How to format your references using the Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson, M. (2010). Science masterclass. Nature, 467(7317), S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Čorić, I., & List, B. (2012). Asymmetric spiroacetalization catalysed by confined Brønsted acids. Nature, 483(7389), 315–319.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richardson, A. R., Libby, S. J., & Fang, F. C. (2008). A nitric oxide-inducible lactate dehydrogenase enables Staphylococcus aureus to resist innate immunity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5870), 1672–1676.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ramsey, I. S., Moran, M. M., Chong, J. A., & Clapham, D. E. (2006). A voltage-gated proton-selective channel lacking the pore domain. Nature, 440(7088), 1213–1216.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahonen, T. T., Kasper, T., & Melkko, S. (2005). 3G Marketing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Allemang, R., De Clerck, J., Niezrecki, C., & Blough, J. R. (Eds.). (2012). Topics in Modal Analysis I, Volume 5: Proceedings of the 30th IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2012. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
de Luca, M., & DeSimone, A. (2016). Elastomeric Gels: A Model and First Results. In K. Weinberg & A. Pandolfi (Eds.), Innovative Numerical Approaches for Multi-Field and Multi-Scale Problems: In Honor of Michael Ortiz’s 60th Birthday (pp. 59–89). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, December 21). China Has Apparently Been Testing The EmDrive In Space. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1983). GAO Research Guide: Electronic Data Processing (No. OLS-83-3). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amezcua, D. (2016). Increasing academic success for foster youth: Educational workshops and resource guides: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2016, September 27). A Lesson on Slavery With Bite and No Mercy. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grayson 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Čorić and List 2012; Grayson 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Čorić and List 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Ramsey et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
AbbreviationJ. Dev. Phys. Disabil.
ISSN (print)1056-263X
ISSN (online)1573-3580
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
General Health Professions

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