How to format your references using the Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morton, O. (2000). PARTICLE PHYSICS: The Final Tally Leaves LEP a Probable Loser. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5495), 1274a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heilbron, J. L., & Bynum, W. F. (2003). 1904 and all that. Nature, 426(6968), 761–764.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mora, C., Rollo, A., & Tittensor, D. P. (2013). Comment on “Can we name Earth’s species before they go extinct?” Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6143), 237.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, X., Qin, J., Xue, Y., Yu, P., Zhang, B., Wang, L., & Liu, R. (2014). Effect of aspect ratio and surface defects on the photocatalytic activity of ZnO nanorods. Scientific reports, 4, 4596.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Colloms, M., & Darlington, P. (2005). High Performance Loudspeakers. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Schwarz, J. (Ed.). (2016). Atypical Elements in Drug Design (1st ed. 2016., Vol. 17). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Andrade-Cetto, J., & Sanfeliu, A. (2006). Simultaneous Localization, Control and Mapping. In A. Sanfeliu (Ed.), Environment Learning for Indoor Mobile Robots: A Stochastic State Estimation Approach to Simultaneous Localization and Map Building (pp. 107–118). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 31). Primitive Meteorites Brought Water To Early Earth. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Truck Safety: Motor Carriers Office Hampered by Limited Information on Causes of Crashes and Other Data Problems (No. RCED-99-182). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shaw, R. M. (2012). The influence of organizational culture on employee attitudes towards information security policy (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chauncey, G. (2013, June 26). The Long Road to Marriage Equality. New York Times, p. A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morton 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Heilbron and Bynum 2003; Morton 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Heilbron and Bynum 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
AbbreviationJ. Dev. Phys. Disabil.
ISSN (print)1056-263X
ISSN (online)1573-3580
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
General Health Professions

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