How to format your references using the Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilczek, F. (2000). Particle physics. Backyard exotica. Nature, 404(6777), 452–453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Turner, S. L., & Ray, A. (2009). Modification of CO2 avoidance behaviour in Drosophila by inhibitory odorants. Nature, 461(7261), 277–281.
A journal article with 3 authors
Feldon, D. F., Maher, M. A., & Timmerman, B. E. (2010). Graduate education. Performance-based data in the study of STEM Ph.D. education. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5989), 282–283.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hoogendoorn, E., Crosby, K. C., Leyton-Puig, D., Breedijk, R. M. P., Jalink, K., Gadella, T. W. J., & Postma, M. (2014). The fidelity of stochastic single-molecule super-resolution reconstructions critically depends upon robust background estimation. Scientific reports, 4, 3854.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duchon, C., & Hale, R. (2012). Time Series Analysis in Meteorology and Climatology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sodnik, J. (2015). Spatial Auditory Human-Computer Interfaces. (S. Tomažič, Ed.) (1st ed. 2015.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Anfang, S. A., & Liptzin, B. (2014). Payment Barriers and Potential Solutions to Psychiatric Service Delivery in the Medical Setting. In P. Summergrad & R. G. Kathol (Eds.), Integrated Care in Psychiatry: Redefining the Role of Mental Health Professionals in the Medical Setting (pp. 55–68). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 22). Why Poo Transplants Are Nothing To Be Sniffed At. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). FACE Recognition Technology: FBI Should Better Ensure Privacy and Accuracy [Reissued on August 3, 2016] (No. GAO-16-267). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frost, D. C. (2009). Quantitative correlational study of communication satisfaction related to organizational proximity and face-to-face communication (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, February 15). Poised and Graceful Performers, but a Step Behind the Spotlight. New York Times, p. B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilczek 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Turner and Ray 2009; Wilczek 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Turner and Ray 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Hoogendoorn et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
AbbreviationJ. Dev. Phys. Disabil.
ISSN (print)1056-263X
ISSN (online)1573-3580
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
General Health Professions

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