How to format your references using the Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Li, G. (2013). On the safety of ITER accelerators. Scientific reports, 3, 2602.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boehme, C., & McCamey, D. R. (2012). Physics. Nuclear-spin quantum memory poised to take the lead. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6086), 1239–1240.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lund, D. C., Lynch-Stieglitz, J., & Curry, W. B. (2006). Gulf Stream density structure and transport during the past millennium. Nature, 444(7119), 601–604.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Feldser, D. M., Kostova, K. K., Winslow, M. M., Taylor, S. E., Cashman, C., Whittaker, C. A., et al. (2010). Stage-specific sensitivity to p53 restoration during lung cancer progression. Nature, 468(7323), 572–575.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jaitly, R. (2016). Practical Operational Due Diligence on Hedge Funds. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Li, G. (2013). Electrochemical Analysis of Proteins and Cells. (P. Miao, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hampp, R., Hartmann, A., & Nehls, U. (2012). The Rhizosphere: Molecular Interactions Between Microorganisms and Roots. In R. Matyssek, H. Schnyder, W. Oßwald, D. Ernst, J. C. Munch, & H. Pretzsch (Eds.), Growth and Defence in Plants: Resource Allocation at Multiple Scales (pp. 111–139). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 2). HIV Could Be Evolving Into A Less Deadly Form. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Airline Competition: The Average Number of Competitors in Markets Serving the Majority of Passengers Has Changed Little in Recent Years, but Stakeholders Voice Concerns about Competition (No. GAO-14-515). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Racho, M. O. (2012). Attributes of Asian American senior leaders who have retained their cultural identity and been successful in American corporations (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2017, January 19). A Clown and a Correspondent Join the Global Elite. New York Times, p. A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Li 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Boehme and McCamey 2012; Li 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boehme and McCamey 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Feldser et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
AbbreviationJ. Dev. Phys. Disabil.
ISSN (print)1056-263X
ISSN (online)1573-3580
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
General Health Professions

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