How to format your references using the Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Neuzil, C. E. (2000). Osmotic generation of “anomalous” fluid pressures in geological environments. Nature, 403(6766), 182–184.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kieffer, S. W., & Jakosky, B. M. (2008). Planetary science. Enceladus--oasis or ice ball? Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5882), 1432–1433.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coyte, K. Z., Schluter, J., & Foster, K. R. (2015). The ecology of the microbiome: Networks, competition, and stability. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6261), 663–666.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ohman, J. C., Lovejoy, C. O., White, T. D., Eckhardt, R. B., Galik, K., & Kuperavage, A. J. (2005). Questions About Orrorin Femur. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5711), 845b.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
De Spiegeleer, J., Schoutens, W., & Van Hulle, C. (2014). The Handbook of Hybrid Securities. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Psycharis, I. N., Pantazopoulou, S. J., & Papadrakakis, M. (Eds.). (2015). Seismic Assessment, Behavior and Retrofit of Heritage Buildings and Monuments (Vol. 37). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gregory, T. R. (2013). Molecules and Macroevolution: A Gouldian View of the Genome. In G. A. Danieli, A. Minelli, & T. Pievani (Eds.), Stephen J. Gould: The Scientific Legacy (pp. 53–72). Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, August 15). What Do Olympians Actually Eat? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Pipeline Safety: Preliminary Information on the Office of Pipeline Safety’s Actions to Strengthen Its Enforcement Program (No. GAO-04-985T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lewis, D. S. (2010). Global Educational Ecosystem: Case study of a partnership with K–12 schools, community organizations, and business (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, April 26). Justices Raise Doubts on Campaign Finance Law. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Neuzil 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kieffer and Jakosky 2008; Neuzil 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kieffer and Jakosky 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Ohman et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
AbbreviationJ. Dev. Phys. Disabil.
ISSN (print)1056-263X
ISSN (online)1573-3580
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
General Health Professions

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