How to format your references using the Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reich, P. B. (2010). Climate Change. The carbon dioxide exchange. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5993), 774–775.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gourlay, C. M., & Dahle, A. K. (2007). Dilatant shear bands in solidifying metals. Nature, 445(7123), 70–73.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davis, S. J., Caldeira, K., & Matthews, H. D. (2010). Future CO2 emissions and climate change from existing energy infrastructure. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5997), 1330–1333.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
König, M., Wiedmann, S., Brüne, C., Roth, A., Buhmann, H., Molenkamp, L. W., et al. (2007). Quantum spin hall insulator state in HgTe quantum wells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5851), 766–770.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sanders, S. (2015). Seizures in Dogs and Cats. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Burstow, B. (Ed.). (2016). Psychiatry Interrogated: An Institutional Ethnography Anthology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Syme, D., Granicz, A., & Cisternino, A. (2007). Mastering Types and Generics. In A. Granicz & A. Cisternino (Eds.), Expert F# (pp. 101–123). Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015, November 3). Green Fireballs Spotted In The Skies Above Poland And Thailand. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Information Technology: Training Can Be Enhanced by Greater Use of Leading Practices (No. GAO-04-791). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chiu, Y.-Y. L. (2012). Multicultural educational policies: A correlational investigation of cultural competencies and feelings of inclusion (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M. R. (2017, May 9). Trump Advisers Call for More Troops to Break Deadlock in Afghan War. New York Times, p. A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reich 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Gourlay and Dahle 2007; Reich 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gourlay and Dahle 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (König et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
AbbreviationJ. Dev. Phys. Disabil.
ISSN (print)1056-263X
ISSN (online)1573-3580
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
General Health Professions

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