How to format your references using the Respiratory Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Respiratory Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
G. Brumfiel, Antihydrogen: holding up a mirror to physics’ world view, Nature. 420 (2002) 731.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
H. Steltzer, E. Post, Ecology. Seasons and life cycles, Science. 324 (2009) 886–887.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
H. Ogata, K. Nishikawa, W. Lubitz, Hydrogens detected by subatomic resolution protein crystallography in a [NiFe] hydrogenase, Nature. 520 (2015) 571–574.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
L. Zhang, X. Yu, L. Zheng, Y. Zhang, Y. Li, Q. Fang, R. Gao, B. Kang, Q. Zhang, J.Y. Huang, H. Konno, X. Guo, Y. Ye, S. Gao, S. Wang, X. Hu, X. Ren, Z. Shen, W. Ouyang, Z. Zhang, Lineage tracking reveals dynamic relationships of T cells in colorectal cancer, Nature. (2018).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
M. Le Menn, Instrumentation and Metrology in Oceanography, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
[1]
S. Banerjee, V. Mukherjee, S.K. Haldar, eds., Understanding Development: An Indian Perspective on Legal and Economic Policy, 1st ed. 2016, Springer India, New Delhi, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
N. Richez-Battesti, G. Leseul, Cooperative Banks in France: Emergence, Mutations and Issues, in: S. Karafolas (Ed.), Credit Cooperative Institutions in European Countries, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 55–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Respiratory Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
T. Hale, Images Appear To Show Broken Heroin Needles Stuck In Patient’s Neck, IFLScience. (2017). https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/images-appear-to-show-broken-heroin-needles-stuck-in-patients-neck/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Safety: Users Differ in Views of Collision Avoidance System and Cite Problems, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
A. Mitra, Sigma Factor N: A Novel Regulator of Acid Resistance and Locus of Enterocyte Effacement in Escherichia coli O157:H7, Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
S. Kishkovsky, Minarets and Onion Domes, New York Times. (2008) TR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRespiratory Medicine
AbbreviationRespir. Med.
ISSN (print)0954-6111
ScopePulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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