How to format your references using the Applied Animal Behaviour Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Animal Behaviour Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Edery, I., 2010. Circadian rhythms. Temperatures to communicate by. Science 330, 329–330.
A journal article with 2 authors
Armstrong, F.A., Fontecilla-Camps, J.C., 2008. Biochemistry. A natural choice for activating hydrogen. Science 321, 498–499.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gerstner, W., Sprekeler, H., Deco, G., 2012. Theory and simulation in neuroscience. Science 338, 60–65.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Song, Y., Altarejos, J., Goodarzi, M.O., Inoue, H., Guo, X., Berdeaux, R., Kim, J.-H., Goode, J., Igata, M., Paz, J.C., Hogan, M.F., Singh, P.K., Goebel, N., Vera, L., Miller, N., Cui, J., Jones, M.R., CHARGE Consortium, GIANT Consortium, Chen, Y.-D.I., Taylor, K.D., Hsueh, W.A., Rotter, J.I., Montminy, M., 2010. CRTC3 links catecholamine signalling to energy balance. Nature 468, 933–939.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reschetilowski, W., 2002. Technisch-Chemisches Praktikum. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Campisi, P. (Ed.), 2013. Security and Privacy in Biometrics. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Kagan, V., Rossini, E., Sapounas, D., 2013. Text Analytics, in: Rossini, E., Sapounas, D. (Eds.), Sentiment Analysis for PTSD Signals, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 21–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Animal Behaviour Science.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Cracks in Pluto’s Moon Reveal Underground Ocean [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1971. Examination into the Increase in Cost of the Lunar-Roving Vehicles Being Manufactured by the Boeing Company (No. B-171977). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Timko, E.J., 2017. Polynomial Tuples of Commuting Isometries Constrained by 1-Dimensional Varieties (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2006. Tapping Dancers Who Love Fiddlers. New York Times LI9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Edery, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Armstrong and Fontecilla-Camps, 2008; Edery, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Armstrong and Fontecilla-Camps, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Song et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Animal Behaviour Science
AbbreviationAppl. Anim. Behav. Sci.
ISSN (print)0168-1591
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Animals

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