How to format your references using the Applied Animal Behaviour Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Animal Behaviour Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vinogradov, A.E., 2004. Testing genome complexity. Science 304, 389–90; author reply 389-90.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alexander, T., Natarajan, P., 2014. Rapid growth of seed black holes in the early universe by supra-exponential accretion. Science 345, 1330–1333.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kobayashi, S., Goto-Yamamoto, N., Hirochika, H., 2004. Retrotransposon-induced mutations in grape skin color. Science 304, 982.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou, N., Fu, Y., Wang, Y., Chen, P., Meng, H., Guo, S., Zhang, M., Yang, Z., Ge, Y., 2014. p27 kip1 haplo-insufficiency improves cardiac function in early-stages of myocardial infarction by protecting myocardium and increasing angiogenesis by promoting IKK activation. Sci. Rep. 4, 5978.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Möller, G., 2013. Geotechnik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Bora, N., Dodd, C., Desmasures, N. (Eds.), 2015. Diversity, Dynamics and Functional Role of Actinomycetes on European Smear Ripened Cheeses. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Khadzhi, P.I., Beloussov, I.V., Markov, D.A., Corovai, A.V., Vasiliev, V.V., 2009. Peculiarities of Supershort Light Pulses Transmission by Thin Semiconductor Film in Exciton Range of Spectrum, in: Hahn, H., Sidorenko, A., Tiginyanu, I. (Eds.), Nanoscale Phenomena: Fundamentals and Applications, NanoScience and Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 29–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Animal Behaviour Science.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. How the Bubonic Plague Bacterium Co-Opted Fleas [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Alternative Methods for Collecting Airport Passenger Facility Charges (No. GAO-13-262R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goldner, V.R., 2010. Arizona nurses’ attitudes toward legislated minimum staffing ratios: Impact on the workplace (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2002. Parents Aim to Keep a Gifted Program’s Fire Going. New York Times 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vinogradov, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Alexander and Natarajan, 2014; Vinogradov, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alexander and Natarajan, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Animal Behaviour Science
AbbreviationAppl. Anim. Behav. Sci.
ISSN (print)0168-1591
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Animals

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