How to format your references using the Applied Animal Behaviour Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Animal Behaviour Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marshall, E., 2000. BIOTECHNOLOGY:Disease Group Invests in Do-It-Yourself Drugs. Science 288, 1715b–7b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allenby, B., Fink, J., 2005. Toward inherently secure and resilient societies. Science 309, 1034–1036.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rikkinen, J., Oksanen, I., Lohtander, K., 2002. Lichen guilds share related cyanobacterial symbionts. Science 297, 357.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Batista, M.B., Sfeir, M.Z.T., Faoro, H., Wassem, R., Steffens, M.B.R., Pedrosa, F.O., Souza, E.M., Dixon, R., Monteiro, R.A., 2013. The Herbaspirillum seropedicae SmR1 Fnr orthologs controls the cytochrome composition of the electron transport chain. Sci. Rep. 3, 2544.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thiselton, A.C., 2010. 1 & 2 Thessalonians: Through the Centuries. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Di Saverio, S., Catena, F., Ansaloni, L., Coccolini, F., Velmahos, G. (Eds.), 2016. Acute Care Surgery Handbook: Volume 2 Common Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Emergencies. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Berg, R.H., Fester, T., Taylor, C.G., 2009. Development of the Root-Knot Nematode Feeding Cell, in: Berg, R.H., Taylor, C.G. (Eds.), Cell Biology of Plant Nematode Parasitism, Plant Cell Monographs. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 115–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Animal Behaviour Science.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Fossil Proteins 3.8 Million Years Old Found On Ancient Ostrich Eggshells [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Federal Communications Commission: Provision for the Use of the 220-222 MHz Band by Private Land Mobile Radio Service and Final Rule (No. OGC-97-35). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Delaney, D.C., 2014. Undergraduate social work students’ perceptions regarding hospice and end-of-life care (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D.A., 2007. Tools For Staying In Control. New York Times SPG9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marshall, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Allenby and Fink, 2005; Marshall, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Allenby and Fink, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Batista et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Animal Behaviour Science
AbbreviationAppl. Anim. Behav. Sci.
ISSN (print)0168-1591
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Animals

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