How to format your references using the Applied Animal Behaviour Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Animal Behaviour Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gosden, R., 2013. Robert Edwards (1925-2013). Nature 497, 318.
A journal article with 2 authors
Willenbring, J.K., von Blanckenburg, F., 2010. Long-term stability of global erosion rates and weathering during late-Cenozoic cooling. Nature 465, 211–214.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davis, M.C., Dahn, R.D., Shubin, N.H., 2007. An autopodial-like pattern of Hox expression in the fins of a basal actinopterygian fish. Nature 447, 473–476.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ule, A., Schram, A., Riedl, A., Cason, T.N., 2009. Indirect punishment and generosity toward strangers. Science 326, 1701–1704.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
PKF International Ltd, 2017. Wiley IFRS 2017 Interpretation and Application of IFRS Standards. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Abtew, W., 2013. Evaporation and Evapotranspiration: Measurements and Estimations. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Palucka, K., Banchereau, J., 2014. Cancer Immunotherapy via Dendritic Cells, in: Klink, M. (Ed.), Interaction of Immune and Cancer Cells. Springer, Vienna, pp. 75–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Animal Behaviour Science.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Beekeepers In The U.S. Lost 44% Of Their Colonies Last Year [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Responsibilities, Actions, and Coordination of Federal Agencies in International Telecommunications Services (No. CED-77-132). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sundell, M., 2009. From fine art to fashion: Man Ray’s ambivalent avant-garde (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, L., 2011. Developers Cater to Two-Wheeled Traffic in Portland, Ore. New York Times B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gosden, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Gosden, 2013; Willenbring and von Blanckenburg, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Willenbring and von Blanckenburg, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Ule et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Animal Behaviour Science
AbbreviationAppl. Anim. Behav. Sci.
ISSN (print)0168-1591
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Animals

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