How to format your references using the Applied Animal Behaviour Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Animal Behaviour Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Betz, A.G., 2010. Immunology. Have you seen your mother, baby. Science 330, 1635–1636.
A journal article with 2 authors
Green, D.J., Alemseged, Z., 2012. Australopithecus afarensis scapular ontogeny, function, and the role of climbing in human evolution. Science 338, 514–517.
A journal article with 3 authors
Letinic, K., Zoncu, R., Rakic, P., 2002. Origin of GABAergic neurons in the human neocortex. Nature 417, 645–649.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xu, Z., Wei, W., Gagneur, J., Perocchi, F., Clauder-Münster, S., Camblong, J., Guffanti, E., Stutz, F., Huber, W., Steinmetz, L.M., 2009. Bidirectional promoters generate pervasive transcription in yeast. Nature 457, 1033–1037.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Costa, F., Gautier, C., Labouré, E., Revol, B., 2013. Electromagnetic Compatibility in Power Electronics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rynne, B.P., 2008. Linear Functional Analysis, Springer Undergraduate Mathematics Series. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Sergeyev, Y.D., Strongin, R.G., Lera, D., 2013. A Brief Conclusion, in: Strongin, R.G., Lera, D. (Eds.), Introduction to Global Optimization Exploiting Space-Filling Curves, SpringerBriefs in Optimization. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 117–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Animal Behaviour Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Barriers, Canals And Fake Islands: How We Can Save Cities From Rising Sea Levels [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. Need To Resolve Safety Questions on Saccharin (No. HRD-76-156). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hernandez, L., 2009. A culturally sensitive mentorship program for foster youth: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Anderson, J., 2017. A First-Timer, but No Rookie. New York Times C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Betz, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Betz, 2010; Green and Alemseged, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Green and Alemseged, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Xu et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Animal Behaviour Science
AbbreviationAppl. Anim. Behav. Sci.
ISSN (print)0168-1591
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Animals

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