How to format your references using the Applied Animal Behaviour Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Animal Behaviour Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heinrich, A.J., 2009. Applied physics. Looking below the surface. Science 323, 1178–1179.
A journal article with 2 authors
Esler, W.P., Wolfe, M.S., 2001. A portrait of Alzheimer secretases--new features and familiar faces. Science 293, 1449–1454.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chow, J., Kopp, R.J., Portney, P.R., 2003. Energy resources and global development. Science 302, 1528–1531.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bousquet, E., Dawber, M., Stucki, N., Lichtensteiger, C., Hermet, P., Gariglio, S., Triscone, J.-M., Ghosez, P., 2008. Improper ferroelectricity in perovskite oxide artificial superlattices. Nature 452, 732–736.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dujmović, D., Androić, B., Lukačević, I., 2014. Composite Structures According to Eurocode 4. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Dong, Z., Yin, X.-M. (Eds.), 2009. Essentials of Apoptosis: A Guide for Basic and Clinical Research, Second Edition. ed. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Girtz, K., Mullins, B., Rice, M., Lopez, J., 2016. Practical Application Layer Emulation in Industrial Control System Honeypots, in: Rice, M., Shenoi, S. (Eds.), Critical Infrastructure Protection X: 10th IFIP WG 11.10 International Conference, ICCIP 2016, Arlington, VA, USA, March 14-16, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 83–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Animal Behaviour Science.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Deadly Viruses Are Wiping Out Spanish Amphibians [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Satellite Control: Long-Term Planning and Adoption of Commercial Practices Could Improve DOD’s Operations (No. GAO-13-315). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weisko, P., 2017. Wading Tiger Swimming Dragon: A Study on Comparative Indo-Sino Naval Development (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2016. ‘Today’ Host Discussing NBC Exit After Lewd Tape. New York Times B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heinrich, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Esler and Wolfe, 2001; Heinrich, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Esler and Wolfe, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Bousquet et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Animal Behaviour Science
AbbreviationAppl. Anim. Behav. Sci.
ISSN (print)0168-1591
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Animals

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