How to format your references using the Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rakic P (2006) Neuroscience. No more cortical neurons for you. Science 313:928–929
A journal article with 2 authors
D’Souza V, Summers MF (2004) Structural basis for packaging the dimeric genome of Moloney murine leukaemia virus. Nature 431:586–590
A journal article with 3 authors
Yi-Xiang Y, Ye J, Liu W-M (2013) Goldstone and Higgs modes of photons inside a cavity. Sci Rep 3:3476
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Poggio T, Rifkin R, Mukherjee S, Niyogi P (2004) General conditions for predictivity in learning theory. Nature 428:419–422

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Atkin N, Biddiss M, Tallett F (2011) The Wiley-Blackwell Dictionary of Modern European History Since 1789. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Mikosch T, Kreiß J-P, Davis RA, Andersen TG (2009) Handbook of Financial Time Series. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Drechsel P, Mahjoub O, Keraita B (2015) Social and Cultural Dimensions in Wastewater Use. In: Drechsel P, Qadir M, Wichelns D (eds) Wastewater: Economic Asset in an Urbanizing World. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 75–92

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Alien-Looking Spiky, Leggy Worm Gets a Head for the First Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Consumer Finance: Factors Affecting the Financial Literacy of Individuals with Limited English Proficiency. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moris FA (2015) International Trade in Research and Development Services and the Activity of MNC Subsidiaries. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Keith S, Oudens J (2016) Half the Fun Is in Getting There. New York Times TR11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
AbbreviationJ. Thromb. Thrombolysis
ISSN (print)0929-5305
ISSN (online)1573-742X
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles