How to format your references using the Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Samardzija MR (2007) Science and law. The obvious war. Science 315:190–191
A journal article with 2 authors
Stellwagen D, Malenka RC (2006) Synaptic scaling mediated by glial TNF-alpha. Nature 440:1054–1059
A journal article with 3 authors
Rich PD, Liaw H-P, Lee AK (2014) Place cells. Large environments reveal the statistical structure governing hippocampal representations. Science 345:814–817
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Vilkov O, Fedorov A, Usachov D, et al (2013) Controlled assembly of graphene-capped nickel, cobalt and iron silicides. Sci Rep 3:2168

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harrison A (2016) The Life of D. H. Lawrence. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Siddiqui ZA, Akhtar MS, Futai K (2008) Mycorrhizae: Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Lav AH, Goktepe AB, Lav MA (2009) Backcalculation of Flexible Pavements Using Soft Computing. In: Gopalakrishnan K, Ceylan H, Attoh-Okine NO (eds) Intelligent and Soft Computing in Infrastructure Systems Engineering: Recent Advances. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 67–106

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Seasons On Titan Have A Dramatic Effect On Its Atmosphere. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Federal Research: System for Reimbursing Universities’ Indirect Costs Should Be Reevaluated. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lake AD (2013) Hepatic stress response mechanisms in progressive human nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon MR (2017) Defense Secretary Says He Didn’t Contradict President. New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
AbbreviationJ. Thromb. Thrombolysis
ISSN (print)0929-5305
ISSN (online)1573-742X
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles