How to format your references using the Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gascoigne NRJ. Immunology: Tolerance lies in the timing. Nature. 2014;515:502–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sennett R, Rendl M. Developmental biology. A scar is born: origins of fibrotic skin tissue. Science. 2015;348:284–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lavine M, Szuromi P, Coontz R. Materials for grid energy. Electricity now and when. Introduction. Science. 2011;334:921.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang PYT, Caspi L, Lam CKL, Chari M, Li X, Light PE, et al. Upper intestinal lipids trigger a gut-brain-liver axis to regulate glucose production. Nature. 2008;452:1012–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Loughran M. Auditing for Dummies®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Khan A, editor. Surgical Pathology of Endocrine and Neuroendocrine Tumors. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Williams J. Student Feedback on the Experience of Higher Education. In: Menon ME, Terkla DG, Gibbs P, editors. Using Data to Improve Higher Education: Research, Policy and Practice. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2014. p. 67–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Breast Cancer Risk Increases With Disrupted Sleep Cycles. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. ADP Modernization: Army Plans To Improve Budget Disclosure for Its Standard Depot System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 May. Report No.: IMTEC-88-30.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. McCullough J. Functional outcomes and patient satisfaction. A retrospective study to determine if these factors are correlated in a clinical setting. A project report [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Dominus S. Trump’s Boasts Shake Women Out of Silence. New York Times. 2016 Oct 14;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Neurodev. Disord.
ISSN (print)1866-1947
ISSN (online)1866-1955
ScopeClinical Neurology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Cognitive Neuroscience

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