How to format your references using the Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Clapham DE. TRP channels as cellular sensors. Nature. 2003;426:517–24.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Atkins JF, Gesteland R. Biochemistry. The 22nd amino acid. Science. 2002;296:1409–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Griffin DM, Hoffman DS, Strick PL. Corticomotoneuronal cells are “functionally tuned.” Science. 2015;350:667–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ouyang Z, Takáts Z, Blake TA, Gologan B, Guymon AJ, Wiseman JM, et al. Preparing protein microarrays by soft-landing of mass-selected ions. Science. 2003;301:1351–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pinoli J-C. Mathematical Foundations of Image Processing and Analysis 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Edwards D, Høyer-Hansen G, Blasi F, Sloane BF, editors. The Cancer Degradome: Proteases and Cancer Biology. New York, NY: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Chatterjee S, Sarkar P. Selective-Identity Model. In: Sarkar P, editor. Identity-Based Encryption. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2011. p. 63–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Comet Lovejoy Has Sugar And Alcohol [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Technology Transfer and Innovation Can Help Cities Identify Problems and Solutions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975 Aug. Report No.: PSAD-75-110.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Restrepo E. Eventalizing blackness in Colombia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Legal Victory for Families of Disabled Students. New York Times. 2007 May 22;A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Neurodev. Disord.
ISSN (print)1866-1947
ISSN (online)1866-1955
ScopeClinical Neurology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Cognitive Neuroscience

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