How to format your references using the Research Integrity and Peer Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research Integrity and Peer Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Clevers H. STEM CELLS. What is an adult stem cell? Science. 2015;350:1319–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Steinman RM, Mellman I. Immunotherapy: bewitched, bothered, and bewildered no more. Science. 2004;305:197–200.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Xu H, DeLuca SZ, O’Farrell PH. Manipulating the metazoan mitochondrial genome with targeted restriction enzymes. Science. 2008;321:575–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Schwickart M, Huang X, Lill JR, Liu J, Ferrando R, French DM, et al. Deubiquitinase USP9X stabilizes MCL1 and promotes tumour cell survival. Nature. 2010;463:103–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bagdonavičius V, Julius K, Nikulin MS. Non-parametric Tests for Complete Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2011.
An edited book
1. Riedl R. Fundamentals of NeuroIS: Information Systems and the Brain. Léger P-M, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Drechsel P, Mahjoub O, Keraita B. Social and Cultural Dimensions in Wastewater Use. In: Drechsel P, Qadir M, Wichelns D, editors. Wastewater: Economic Asset in an Urbanizing World. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. p. 75–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research Integrity and Peer Review.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. New Technology Can Be The Difference Between Life And Death In A Disaster [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/new-technology-can-be-difference-between-life-and-death-disaster/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. COMPETES Reauthorization Act: Federal Loan Guarantees for Innovative Technologies in Manufacturing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Jul. Report No.: GAO-13-717R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hsu Y-C. A cultural psychosocial model for depression in elder care institutions: The roles of Socially Supportive Activity and self-transcendence [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Protess B. Law Firm Stocks Ranks With Ex-Federal Officials. New York Times. 2017 Apr 12;B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch Integrity and Peer Review
AbbreviationRes. Integr. Peer Rev.
ISSN (online)2058-8615
Scope

Other styles