How to format your references using the Progress in Crystal Growth and Characterization of Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Crystal Growth and Characterization of Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Kleppner, Physics. A milestone in time keeping, Science. 319 (2008) 1768–1769.
A journal article with 2 authors
C.L. Jia, K. Urban, Atomic-resolution measurement of oxygen concentration in oxide materials, Science. 303 (2004) 2001–2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Wang, J.E. Mittler, R. Samudrala, Comment on “Evidence for positive epistasis in HIV-1,” Science. 312 (2006) 848; author reply 848.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K.R. Katsani, M. Irimia, C. Karapiperis, Z.G. Scouras, B.J. Blencowe, V.J. Promponas, C.A. Ouzounis, Functional genomics evidence unearths new moonlighting roles of outer ring coat nucleoporins, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4655.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Sauter, From GSM to LTE, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2010.
An edited book
D.M. Whitacre, ed., Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Springer, New York, NY, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
P.S. Backlund, A.L. Yergey, Mass Spectrometry for Studying Protein Modifications and for Discovery of Protein Interactions, in: P. Schuck (Ed.), Protein Interactions: Biophysical Approaches for the Study of Complex Reversible Systems, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2007: pp. 143–167.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Crystal Growth and Characterization of Materials.

Blog post
K. Evans, 7 Ways To Tell If Someone Is Cheating On You, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Drug Testing: Management Problems and Legal Challenges Facing DOT’s Industry Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
V.R. Nambiar, A Grounded Theory Study on Business Excellence Models in the United Arab Emirates, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.M. Chapman, Detroit Reins In an Annual Halloween Revelry, New York Times. (2010) A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Crystal Growth and Characterization of Materials
ISSN (print)0960-8974
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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