How to format your references using the Progress in Crystal Growth and Characterization of Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Crystal Growth and Characterization of Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Cuomo, Beyond the ivory tower. The sinews of war: ancient catapults, Science. 303 (2004) 771–772.
A journal article with 2 authors
P.J. Donovan, J. Gearhart, The end of the beginning for pluripotent stem cells, Nature. 414 (2001) 92–97.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. Shi, J.E. Evans, K.L. Rock, Molecular identification of a danger signal that alerts the immune system to dying cells, Nature. 425 (2003) 516–521.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Manzanares, H. Wada, N. Itasaki, P.A. Trainor, R. Krumlauf, P.W. Holland, Conservation and elaboration of Hox gene regulation during evolution of the vertebrate head, Nature. 408 (2000) 854–857.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Esmailzadeh, Broadband Telecommunications Technologies and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
J.R. Birge, Introduction to Stochastic Programming, Springer, New York, NY, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Abdrau, Exemplified Study of WRED Algorithm Parameters Influence on IP-based Networks, in: R. Horne (Ed.), Embracing Global Computing in Emerging Economies: First Workshop, EGC 2015, Almaty, Kazakhstan, February 26-28, 2015. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 31–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Crystal Growth and Characterization of Materials.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Man Makes 3D Printed Prosthetic Hand For Son For Only $10, IFLScience. (2013). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Security: TSA’s Managed Inclusion Process Expands Passenger Expedited Screening, But TSA Has Not Tested Its Security Effectiveness, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
W. Chongkrairatanakul, Foreign-educated nurses, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Hardy, In Houston, Juneteenth Site Rises From the Ruins, New York Times. (2017) A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Crystal Growth and Characterization of Materials
ISSN (print)0960-8974
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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