How to format your references using the Research in Veterinary Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Veterinary Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Drmanac, R., 2012. Medicine. The ultimate genetic test. Science 336, 1110–1112.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moënne-Loccoz, P., Fee, J.A., 2010. Biochemistry. Catalyzing NO to N2O in the nitrogen cycle. Science 330, 1632–1633.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bix, M., Kim, S., Rao, A., 2005. Immunology. Opposites attract in differentiating T cells. Science 308, 1563–1565.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Russ, W.P., Lowery, D.M., Mishra, P., Yaffe, M.B., Ranganathan, R., 2005. Natural-like function in artificial WW domains. Nature 437, 579–583.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goodman, A.H., 2012. Rehabilitating and Resettling Offenders in the Community. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Pan, J.-S., Chen, S.-M., Nguyen, N.T. (Eds.), 2010. Computational Collective Intelligence. Technologies and Applications: Second International Conference, ICCCI 2010, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, November 10-12, 2010, Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Fournari, R., Ioannou, I., Vatyliotis, D., 2015. A Study of Fine Aggregate Properties and Their Effect on the Quality of Cementitious Composite Materials, in: Lollino, G., Manconi, A., Guzzetti, F., Culshaw, M., Bobrowsky, P., Luino, F. (Eds.), Engineering Geology for Society and Territory - Volume 5: Urban Geology, Sustainable Planning and Landscape Exploitation. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 33–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Veterinary Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Dinosaurs May Have Been Warm-Blooded After All [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Data Processing Costs Can Be Reduced at Army and Air Force Exchange Service (No. AFMD-83-17). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Selph, C.S., 2015. Origins of Music Programs in Liberal Arts Institutions: The Story of Three Florida Catholic Universities (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Kekszakallu. New York Times C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Drmanac, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Drmanac, 2012; Moënne-Loccoz and Fee, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moënne-Loccoz and Fee, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Russ et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Veterinary Science
AbbreviationRes. Vet. Sci.
ISSN (print)0034-5288
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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