How to format your references using the Research in Veterinary Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Veterinary Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rosswog, S., 2004. Astronomy. Short gamma-ray bursts. Science 303, 46–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wodarz, D., Zauber, A.G., 2015. Cancer: Risk factors and random chances. Nature 517, 563–564.
A journal article with 3 authors
Politi, A., Matthews, J.C.F., O’Brien, J.L., 2009. Shor’s quantum factoring algorithm on a photonic chip. Science 325, 1221.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Trinquier, A., Elliott, T., Ulfbeck, D., Coath, C., Krot, A.N., Bizzarro, M., 2009. Origin of nucleosynthetic isotope heterogeneity in the solar protoplanetary disk. Science 324, 374–376.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wolbarst, A.B., Capasso, P., Wyant, A.R., 2013. Medical Imaging. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nejo, H. (Ed.), 2007. Nanostructures - Fabrication and Analysis, NanoScience and Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hirschel, E.H., Weiland, C., 2009. Aerothermodynamic Design Problems of Non-Winged Re-Entry Vehicles, in: Weiland, C. (Ed.), Selected Aerothermodynamic Design Problems of Hypersonic Flight Vehicles. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 211–278.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Veterinary Science.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. New Drug Wards Off Advanced Pancreatic Cancer By Sending Immune System Into Overdrive [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1969. Useful Techniques for Examining Automated Data Processing Systems (No. 091168). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Waidelich, L.A., 2012. Identifying Leadership Potential: The Process of Principals within a Charter School Network (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D., 2014. Man of War. New York Times BR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rosswog, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Rosswog, 2004; Wodarz and Zauber, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wodarz and Zauber, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Trinquier et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Veterinary Science
AbbreviationRes. Vet. Sci.
ISSN (print)0034-5288
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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