How to format your references using the Research in Veterinary Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Veterinary Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Porto, J.V., 2013. Physics. Cold-atom magnetism. Science 340, 1297–1298.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lutter, C.K., Lutter, R., 2012. Fetal and early childhood undernutrition, mortality, and lifelong health. Science 337, 1495–1499.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sander, R., Crutzen, P.J., von Glasow, R., 2004. Comment on “Reactions at interfaces as a source of sulfate formation in sea-salt particles” (II). Science 303, 628; author reply 628.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huberman, A.D., Wang, G.-Y., Liets, L.C., Collins, O.A., Chapman, B., Chalupa, L.M., 2003. Eye-specific retinogeniculate segregation independent of normal neuronal activity. Science 300, 994–998.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fiske, J.R., Fiske, C.A., 2009. The Big Book of Benefit Auctions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ahmed, R., 2014. Collaborative Web Hosting: Challenges and Research Directions, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
May, J., Diga, K., 2015. Progress Towards Resolving the Measurement Link Between ICT and Poverty Reduction, in: Chib, A., May, J., Barrantes, R. (Eds.), Impact of Information Society Research in the Global South. Springer, Singapore, pp. 83–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Veterinary Science.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. The Two-Spot Octopus Can See Without Eyes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Federal Research: Interim Report on the Pilot Technology Access Program (No. RCED-94-75). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arnold, J.K., 2015. An Ecological Model for Health Policy Review: The Integration of New Institutional and Public Choice Theory for Public Policy Assessment (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2017. SoundCloud, Former Star In Streaming, Lays Off 173. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Porto, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Lutter and Lutter, 2012; Porto, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lutter and Lutter, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Huberman et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Veterinary Science
AbbreviationRes. Vet. Sci.
ISSN (print)0034-5288
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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