How to format your references using the Research in Veterinary Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Veterinary Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walsh, C., 2001. correction: Enabling the chemistry of life. Nature 411, 824.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leek, J.T., Peng, R.D., 2015. Statistics: P values are just the tip of the iceberg. Nature 520, 612.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stassun, K.G., Mathieu, R.D., Valenti, J.A., 2006. Discovery of two young brown dwarfs in an eclipsing binary system. Nature 440, 311–314.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sherwood Lollar, B., Westgate, T.D., Ward, J.A., Slater, G.F., Lacrampe-Couloume, G., 2002. Abiogenic formation of alkanes in the Earth’s crust as a minor source for global hydrocarbon reservoirs. Nature 416, 522–524.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ciobanu, C.V., Wang, C.-Z., Ho, K.-M., 2013. Atomic Structure Prediction of Nanostructures, Clusters and Surfaces. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Visakh, P.M., Arao, Y. (Eds.), 2015. Flame Retardants: Polymer Blends, Composites and Nanocomposites, Engineering Materials. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Mohanty, J.G., Eckley, D.M., Williamson, J.D., Launer, L.J., Rifkind, J.M., 2008. Do Red Blood Cell-β-Amyloid Interactions Alter Oxygen Delivery in Alzheimer’s Disease?, in: Kang, K.A., Harrison, D.K., Bruley, D.F. (Eds.), Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXIX, Advances In Experimental Medicine And Biology. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 29–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Veterinary Science.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Scientists Have Discovered A Supermassive Black Hole By Chance [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Nanotechnology: Improved Performance Information Needed for Environmental, Health, and Safety Research (No. GAO-12-427). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lamb, B.K., 2015. A Comparison of Carbon Dioxide Emissions at a Roundabout and a Signalized Intersection in a Mid-Sized City (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J.C., Jr., Palmer, E., 2017. Although Divided, Jury Delivers Guilty Verdict in 2015 Murder of Police Officer. New York Times A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Walsh, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Leek and Peng, 2015; Walsh, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leek and Peng, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Sherwood Lollar et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Veterinary Science
AbbreviationRes. Vet. Sci.
ISSN (print)0034-5288
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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