How to format your references using the Research in Veterinary Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Veterinary Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simmons, R.M., 2000. Prophets without honour? Nature 407, 839.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fauci, A.S., Marston, H.D., 2015. PUBLIC HEALTH. Toward an HIV vaccine: A scientific journey. Science 349, 386–387.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mitrovica, J.X., Gomez, N., Clark, P.U., 2009. The sea-level fingerprint of West Antarctic collapse. Science 323, 753.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gallarda, B.W., Bonanomi, D., Müller, D., Brown, A., Alaynick, W.A., Andrews, S.E., Lemke, G., Pfaff, S.L., Marquardt, T., 2008. Segregation of axial motor and sensory pathways via heterotypic trans-axonal signaling. Science 320, 233–236.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tan, Y., 2016. Artificial Immune System Applications in Computersecurity. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Giordano, A., Galderisi, U. (Eds.), 2010. Cell Cycle Regulation and Differentiation in Cardiovascular and Neural Systems. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Savrda, C.E., 2008. Zoophycos, Systematic Stratigraphic Leaking, and Lamella Stratigraphy, in: Harries, P.J. (Ed.), High-Resolution Approaches in Stratigraphic Paleontology, Topics in Geobiology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 129–148.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Veterinary Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Newly Developed Fatty Nanoparticles Could Be A Viable Antibiotic Alternative [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Review of Yolo County, California, Economic Opportunity Commission Concerning Matters Affecting Local Poverty Programs (No. HRD-81-110). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mace, J.Y., 2014. Rupturing the “reality” of reality TV: Contemporary video artists examining the discursive effects of the reality TV phenomenon (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., 2016. TV Dominates Culture, and Trump Jokes Abound. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Simmons, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Fauci and Marston, 2015; Simmons, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fauci and Marston, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Gallarda et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Veterinary Science
AbbreviationRes. Vet. Sci.
ISSN (print)0034-5288
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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