How to format your references using the Research in Veterinary Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Veterinary Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clary, D.C., 2008. Quantum dynamics of chemical reactions. Science 321, 789–791.
A journal article with 2 authors
Beghein, C., Trampert, J., 2003. Robust normal mode constraints on inner-core anisotropy from model space search. Science 299, 552–555.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nava, E., Steiger, T., Röder, B., 2014. Both developmental and adult vision shape body representations. Sci. Rep. 4, 6622.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schmidt, M.W.I., Torn, M.S., Abiven, S., Dittmar, T., Guggenberger, G., Janssens, I.A., Kleber, M., Kögel-Knabner, I., Lehmann, J., Manning, D.A.C., Nannipieri, P., Rasse, D.P., Weiner, S., Trumbore, S.E., 2011. Persistence of soil organic matter as an ecosystem property. Nature 478, 49–56.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guillaume, P., 2006. Music and Acoustics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Drioli, E., Giorno, L. (Eds.), 2016. Encyclopedia of Membranes. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Vican, D., Alfirević, N., Relja, R., 2016. Managing the School: Principals as Managers, in: Alfirević, N., Burušić, J., Pavičić, J., Relja, R. (Eds.), School Effectiveness and Educational Management: Towards a South-Eastern Europe Research and Public Policy Agenda. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 67–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Veterinary Science.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. We Just Learned A Lot Of Unexpected Things About Jupiter [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Public Transportation: Multiple Factors Influence Extent of Transit-Oriented Development (No. GAO-15-70). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Qian, J., 2006. Characterization of Transcription-independent APC Tumor Suppressor Function in Apoptosis (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry, E., 2010. Attacks Revive Russian Concern That Guerrilla Warfare Will Spread. New York Times A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clary, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Beghein and Trampert, 2003; Clary, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Beghein and Trampert, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Schmidt et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Veterinary Science
AbbreviationRes. Vet. Sci.
ISSN (print)0034-5288
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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