How to format your references using the Research in Globalization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Globalization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McMillan, P. F. (2005). Geochemistry. A stranger in paradise. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5751), 1125–1126.
A journal article with 2 authors
DePaolo, D. J., & Manga, M. (2003). Geology. Deep origin of hotspots--the mantle plume model. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5621), 920–921.
A journal article with 3 authors
Duderstadt, K. E., Chuang, K., & Berger, J. M. (2011). DNA stretching by bacterial initiators promotes replication origin opening. Nature, 478(7368), 209–213.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Islam, F. S., Gault, A. G., Boothman, C., Polya, D. A., Charnock, J. M., Chatterjee, D., & Lloyd, J. R. (2004). Role of metal-reducing bacteria in arsenic release from Bengal delta sediments. Nature, 430(6995), 68–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. (2014). List of MAK and BAT Values 2014. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Soriano, E., & Marco-Contelles, J. (Eds.). (2011). Computational Mechanisms of Au and Pt Catalyzed Reactions (Vol. 302). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bojarovich, J., & Marchenko, L. (2013). An Open Queueing Network with Temporarily Non-active Customers and Rounds. In A. Dudin, V. Klimenok, G. Tsarenkov, & S. Dudin (Eds.), Modern Probabilistic Methods for Analysis of Telecommunication Networks: Belarusian Winter Workshops in Queueing Theory, BWWQT 2013, Minsk, Belarus, January 28-31, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 33–36). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Globalization.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, September 27). Brain-Eating Amoeba Is Hungry For Your Neurotransmitters. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Job Corps: High Costs and Mixed Results Raise Questions About Program’s Effectiveness (HEHS-95-180). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seefried, V. I. (2010). Timely and accurate decision-making during U.S. public health emergencies: Incremental Dynamic Decision-making (IDD) for public health emergency response [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2011, May 8). A Union of Comfort Foods. New York Times, NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McMillan, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (DePaolo & Manga, 2003; McMillan, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (DePaolo & Manga, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Duderstadt et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Islam et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Globalization
ISSN (print)2590-051X

Other styles