How to format your references using the Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Faedi F: Exoplanets: A glimpse of Earth’s fate. Nature 526:515–516, 2015
A journal article with 2 authors
Dragoi G, Tonegawa S: Preplay of future place cell sequences by hippocampal cellular assemblies. Nature 469:397–401, 2011
A journal article with 3 authors
Akil H, Martone ME, Van Essen DC: Challenges and opportunities in mining neuroscience data. Science 331:708–712, 2011
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Syntichaki P, Xu K, Driscoll M, Tavernarakis N: Specific aspartyl and calpain proteases are required for neurodegeneration in C. elegans. Nature 419:939–944, 2002

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chartered Institute of Building: Code of Practice for Project Management for Construction and Development. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014
An edited book
Rehm G, Uszkoreit H (eds): The Norwegian Language in the Digital Age: Nynorskversjon. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012
A chapter in an edited book
Gorenstein MI: CRITICAL LINE OF THE DECONFINEMENT PHASE TRANSITIONS, in Čechák T , Jenkovszky L , Karpenko I (eds): Nuclear Science and Safety in Europe, NATO Security through Science Series. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2006, pp 49–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.

Blog post
Luntz S: Giant Galaxy Expels Star Cluster. IFLScience:2014 Available: Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: District of Columbia Public Schools: Availability of Funds and the Cost of FY 1997 Roof Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hart MM: R&D Characteristics and Organizational Structure: Case Studies of University-Industry Research Centers. 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Finnegan J: ‘You Don’t Call Me.’ New York Times:A15, 2017

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 3,4.
This sentence cites four references 4–6,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics
AbbreviationJ. Neurosurg. Pediatr.
ISSN (print)1933-0707
ISSN (online)1933-0715
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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